Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES

No description
by

Kerry Simpson

on 13 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES


STYLE,DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES


The main outcomes of these units are:
- Maintain effective & safe methods of working when Styling hair.
- Style hair
- Dress & finish hair
- Dress Long hair
STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES: session 1
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
- Explain the Health & Safety requirements when offering blow drying or setting service

- List the variety of products used for blow drying & setting services

- Record the changes in the hair structure during blow drying and setting hair

- Discuss the methods & techniques used in blow drying or setting (wet & dry)

- Explain how the hairs texture, density & growth patterns have effect on a chosen style

- Identify the different face shapes & types of hair texture
Face Shape
Lifestyle
Hair Type & Length
Hair Style (Set or Blow Dry)
Hair & Scalp conditions
Hair Growth patterns
Time available for service
Cost
CONSULTATION FOR BLOWDRYING & SETTING HAIR
(Brainstorm with students)
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
CLIENT COMFORT
HEALTH AND HYGIENE
CONSULTATION
STERILISATION
COSHH
ELECTRICITY AT WORK REGS.
MAINTAIN EFFECTIVE & SAFE METHODS OF WORKING WHEN STYLING HAIR
(Students to work in pairs using headings below & List Safety Considerations)
Group 1: list tools & equipment used for styling
Group 2: list products used for before & after styling

Show & discuss results with class
(Time allowed 10 min)
STUDENT ACTIVITY
HAIRDRYERS- HAND/HOOD
BRUSHES- FLAT/ROUND
ROLLERS
DRYING AND STYLING ATTACHMENTS
STRAIGHTENERS
HEATED ROLLERS
CURLING TONG
CRIMPERS
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT USED IN STYLING HAIR
Styling Aids:
These contain RESINS or
PLASTICS (polymers such as PVP & PVA)
- Allows to soften the hair
- Form shapes
- Prevent Flyaway effects
- Coat the hair with a fine plastic film to slow down the absorption of moisture
LOTIONS
MOUSSE
GEL
ACTIVATORS
MOISTURISERS
OILS
SPRAYS
WAX
DRESSING CREAMS
STYLING HAIR PRODUCTS
Hair needs to cool down before combing or brushing the style to ensure that
- it allows the shape to set into its new moulded style
- the hydrogen bonds reform
- the style lasts longer
- the hair looks smooth as the cuticle lays flat
BLOW - WAVING = Shaping the hair into waves, using directed heated air from a dryer, and combs, brushes or your hands. It achieves natural, soft fullness

BLOW - DRYING = Simply drying the hair with the hand held dryer. It is usual to blow dry hair into a chosen shape or in a required direction.
BLOW STYLING TECHNIQUES
Problems that could happen if the temperature of the dryer is too hot on the hair
- The hair could discolour
- Heat constantly in one area could burn the scalp
- Too much heat in one spot could break the hair especially if its fragile.
- The heat can singe the ends and damage the cuticle
SCRUNCH DRYING –
Gripping and squeezing clumps of hair,
whilst directing heated air into the hand.
The process yields a casual,
ruffled, moulded shape.

FINGER OR HAND DRYING –
Lifting, teasing, pulling and directing hair
with the fingers or hands.
Casual, soft and full shapes can
be achieved.
Billowing fullness is perhaps the chief effect
BLOW STYLING TECHNIQUES
Session one:
Discuss reasons why hair is kept damp before setting or blow drying??
WET SETTING – (Cohesive)
When hair is wet some of the water enters into the hair and breaks the water breakable hydrogen bonds between the polypeptide chains of the hair.

This enables the polypeptide chains to move past each very other slightly. The hair is then fixed in position when dried and allowed to cool.
ROLLER SETTING ON WET HAIR
DRY SETTING (Temporary)
The hair is not wet, but some of the hairs natural moisture is driven out by heat by using heated rollers, curling tongs etc.
Some of the naturally occurring moisture (in hair) is lost after dry setting and the hair will absorb any water vapour from the atmosphere. Therefore, dry setting does not last usually as long as wet setting or blow-drying wet hair.
DRY SETTING HAIR
- Name 2 outcomes required for this unit?

- Give 3 considerations that should be covered in the consultation?

- Give 2 examples of H&S requirements?

- What equipment would produce a curl?

- Name 3 styling products?

- What does ‘COHESIVE’ mean when setting?
Q&A
research these words
* BETA KERATIN
* HUMIDITY
* HYGROSCOPIC
* HYDROGEN BONDS
* VAPOUR
* ALPHA KERATIN
* KERATIN
HOT TOPIC
CUTICLE
CORTEX
MEDULLA
Hydrogen and salt bonds break down when the hair is wet
HAIR IS HYGROSCOPIC
-HAS THE ABILITY TO ABSORB MOISTURE (HUMIDITY) FROM THE AIR
EFFECTS IN THE CORTEX OF THE HAIR STRUCTURE
(students to recall)
THE KERATIN BONDS OF UNSTRETCHED HAIR ARE IN ALPHA POSTION.

KERATIN BONDS OF STRETCHED HAIR ARE IN BETA POSITION. THIS IS THE BASIS OF COHESIVE AND TEMPORARY SETTING
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE HAIR DURING BLOWDRYING AND SETTING?
Individually
Label hair structure diagram
(Time allowed 1min)
STUDENT HANDOUT GH11 ACTIVITY
CHANGES IN THE HAIR CORTEX
Group 1: list hair types, textures & density

Group 2: list face shapes

Group 3: list growth patterns
STUDENT ACTIVITY
Time allowed 5mins

Show results & discuss how these would effect styling
FACE SHAPES
Round
Pear
Long
Heart
Square
Rectangular
Oval
is the ideal face shape
GROWTH PATTERNS
Widows peak
High Front Hair-line
Nape Whorl
Double Crown
Cows Lick
- Name the 3 bonds that are present in hair?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are un-stretched, what position are they in?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are stretched, what position are they in?

- What part of the hair is effected from styling?

- Is styling a permanent or temporary change to hair?

Name 3 face shapes
Q&A
(Hydrogen, salt & sulphur)
(Alpha)
(Beta)
(Cortex)
(Temporary)
(Oval, heart, round, square, long, pear & rectangle)
- Explain the Health & Safety requirements when offering blow drying or setting service
- List the variety of products used for blow drying & setting services
- Discuss the methods & Techniques used in blow drying or setting (wet & dry)
- Record the changes in the Hair Structure during blow drying and setting hair
- Explain how the hairs texture, density & growth patterns have effect on a chosen style- Identify the different face shapes & types of hair texture
RE VISIT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
(Demonstrate H&S whilst working, dress & finish hair, dress long hair)
(Face shape, hair type & length, hair & scalp, cost, time, etc)
(Client protection & comfort, sterilisation, electricity check, COSHH, etc)
(Brushes, rollers, tongs, heated rollers)
(Lotion, mousse, gel, wax, hairspray, creams, oils etc)
(Setting hair when wet)
Session two:
The Main outcomes of these Units are:

- Maintain effective & safe methods of working when Styling hair.
- Style hair
- Dress & finish hair
- Dress Long hair
UNIT GH10 & GH11 STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES session 2
- Name the 3 bonds that are present in hair?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are un-stretched, what position are they in?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are stretched, what position are they in?

- What part of the hair is effected from styling?

- Is styling a permanent or temporary change to hair?

- Name 3 face shapes
Q&A
(Hydrogen, salt & sulphur)
(Alpha)
(Beta)
(Cortex)
(Temporary)
(Oval, heart, round, square, long, pear & rectangle)
(Individual Student Activity)
Sketch & identify the hair structure & which bonds are affected during setting or blow drying the hair.




Time allowed = 2 minutes
Swop with peers for marking.
RECAP
1. Identify the changes in the Hair Structure effected by Humidity & Hydroscopic!

2. Discuss the physical effects of pin curling and finger waving hair

3. Explain how the Hair Texture, density and growth pattern of hair effects chosen style

 4. Identify the different Face shapes & Types of hair texture
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
Care must be taken when stretching the hair that the pull on the hair does not reach the hair’s elastic limit
The more water content the hair receives the greater the stretch of the hair
A temporary change in the keratin structure takes place
CHANGES TO THE HAIR STRUCTURE
- The atmosphere around us contains water molecules called water vapour ,this is called HUMIDITY. (Low & high humidity!!)

- The humidity in the air influences how much water enters the hair, so therefore the hair is described as HYGROSCOPIC.

- Hair can be stretched one and a half times its normal length.
- This is called ELASTICITY!
THE EFFECTS OF HUMIDITY ON THE HAIR

Identify from your partner the texture, density, face shape & growth patterns
Decide what would not be suitable for them.


(Time allowed 1min each, feed back to class on completion)
ACTIVITY
WORK IN PAIRS
Curls add bounce or lift to the hair
and determine the direction in which
the hair lies.

Small rollers produce tight curls ,giving hair more movement.
Large rollers produce loose curls, making hair wavy rather than curly
SETTING TECHNIQUES
Why are there different size rollers?
What would determine what size are used?
There are various size and shapes of rollers.
- If you don’t secure the roller carefully on its base you will get drag with little lift.
- If the hair sections are too big or small ,you will find it difficult to blend the curls when dressing.
- If you bend back the hair points you may cause ‘fish hooks’
- Don’t allow roller pins to scratch the skin. It is better to pass them through another roller.
COMMON FAULTS
WHEN SETTING
TYPES OF PINCURLS
WALK ‘N’ TALK
BARREL SPRING CURL
BARRELSPRING CURL has an open centre flat curl which lays on is base and when dried will produce a soft effect.

Each loop is the same size as the previous formed one. It produces an even wavy shape and can be used for Reverse Curling by curling one complete row on way the next row below in the opposite direction.
PINCURLING is the technique of winding hair into a series of curls which are pinned in place while drying.
CURL VARIATIONS
PINCURLING
This is formed in the same open centered
loop but ,it stands up on its base,
and will produce a high curl in
same way as a roller.
It gives a soft casual,
loose curl shape.
It is also known as a
BARREL CURL.
STAND – UP CURL
This is a curl with a long stem to it’s shape. It will produce a straight length of hair with a slight curve at the root area but the curl at the end. Normally used on a fringe or around the hairline, when a soft movement is required.
LONG STEM CURL
This has a closed tight centre and produces a springy tight curl effect. It produces an uneven wave shape throughout its length.
It is good for hair that is difficult to hold in place, but not suitable for modern styles.
CLOCKSPRING CURL
- To maintain the Hair style
- Advise on the setting lotion or mousse to use
 - How to use and quantity to use
- Size of rollers or brush to maintain the shape
 - Finishing products – hair spray, gel, sheen, finishing creams
 
AFTER CARE ADVICE (brain storm why and what)
Work book page 45-48
Time allowed 20mins
on completion swop papers for peer marking
Working in pairs research and complete the revision questions for unit GH10
Student activity
Identify the changes in the Hair Structure effected by Humidity & Hydroscopic!
Discuss the physical effects of pin curling and finger waving hair.
Explain how the Hair Texture, density and growth pattern of hair effects chosen style.
Identify the different Face shapes & Types of hair texture.
REVISIT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1.
2.
3.
4.

Fore runner of fashion
Celebrity styles
Cat walk
Magazines
Movies
Hair Shows
Current & Emerging Styles
(Students to research and discuss the difference)
.
.
.
.
.
.

List products that can be used for setting.

List products that can be used for finger drying & blow drying.

List products that can be used for pin curls & finger waving

Use text books to research
Show results to class
Time allowed 2mins
STUDENT ACTIVITY
Group 1:
Group 2:
Group 3:
Name the bonds that are effected from setting & blow drying?

Give 3 considerations that should be covered in the consultation?

Give 2 examples of H&S requirements?

What is the meaning of ‘hydroscopic’ ?

Name styling product that can be used to create volume?

What does ‘COHESIVE’ mean when setting?
Q&A
.
(Hydrogen & salt bonds)
(Face shape, hair type & length, hair & scalp, cost, time, etc)
(Client protection & comfort, sterilisation, electricity check, COSHH)
(Has the ability to absorb water)
(Mousse, volumizing spray)
(Setting hair when wet)
.
.
.
.
.
Complete the worksheet
Complete the worksheet
Created by Kerry Simpson.

Physical Effects
The Hair.....
The Structure of the hair.
What is hair made up of?
Keratin.
Blow Drying/Setting and its effects.
adding water
styling
Hydrogen bonds
the
Group Activity
Devise a creative way of describing to the other group, the effects of styling on the structure of the hair.
You have 20 minutes.
wordmatch
crossword
game
poster
song/rap
If care is not taken there is a danger of..
What have we learned?
Water allows you to produce a different look for your client
When you shampoo your clients hair, the hydrogen bonds break down
This allows you to re-form into the desired shape, that will last until then next shampoo
In pairs, spend 8 minutes researching how creating GHD curls on dry hair, effect the hair structure.
next session.....
Full transcript