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C. Looking back at Human Biocultural and Social Evolution

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Wonwoo Schuberg

on 23 August 2016

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Transcript of C. Looking back at Human Biocultural and Social Evolution

Biological and Cultural
Evolution
from Homo Habilis(or earlier) to Homo Sapiens Sapiens in the fossil record
Homo Sapiens
- meaning "handy man" or "able man
History of Discovery
- These hominins were smaller than modern humans, on average standing no more than 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in) tall. Human Evolution
- The earliest documented representative of the genus Homo is Homo habilis
- Unlike every other human species, Homo sapiens does not have a true type specimen
- Our species had been so successful that it has inadvertently created a turning point in the history of life on Earth
Homo Sapiens
- The species that you and all other living human beings on this planet belong to Homo sapiens
C. Looking back at Human Biocultural and Social Evolution

- because they suspected that it was this slightly larger-brained early human that made the thousands of stone tools also found at Olduvai Gorge.
- H. habilis is the least similar to modern humans of all species in the genus Homo
Classification as Homo
- in 1959, Mary Leakey recovered the cranium of a young adult which had a small brain, large face, tiny canines and massive chewing teeth.
- H. habilis was short and had disproportionately long arms compared to modern humans; however, it had a less protruding face than the australopithecines from which it is thought to have descended.
-It is believed that Homo erectus and Homo ergaster were the first to use fire and complex tools
-Like other early humans that were living at this time, they gathered and hunted food
-Modern compared to Homo Habilis
- For millions of years all humans, early and modern alike, had to find their own food.
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