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Antonio Gaudi: Ahead of his time?

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Esther Kim

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Antonio Gaudi: Ahead of his time?

Antonio Gaudi: Ahead of his time?
Esther Kim
Professor Calabrese
Period 2y

Antonio Gaudi: Who is he?

Spanish Modernist Architect in the 19th century
Used organic architecture= it represents nature related characteristics and human spirits.
Used Organic architecture to express individuality and the desire to connect to nature.
Used Nature for design; a building or design shaped as nature grows, from the inside out...nature grows from the idea of a seed and reaches out to its surroundings.
The building must reflect the beauty of nature.
He put a lot of nature in his creations such as flowers, tree branches or animals.
Deeply religious, Gaudí’s work aims to praise the work of God through architecture and interior design. Inspired by God’s greatest work: nature.
He banned the straight line from his work and opted for curved lines, vibrant colors, mythical creatures
Gaudí's work was marked by the four passions of his life:
architecture, nature, religion and his love for Catalonia.



Famous Works:
Construction of La Sagrada Familia. Still ongoing, approx to be finished around 2026.

A gargoyle on the La Sagrada Familia, this showed that Gaudi was into sculptures as well besides nature
This is one of the many towers of the La Sagrada Familia that Gaudi built. The total number of towers are 18. Each representing in ascending order of height the Twelve Apostles, the four Evangelists, the Virgin Mary and, tallest of all, Jesus Christ.
*With the completion of the towers, Sagrada Família will be the tallest church building in the world.
Window designs of La Sagrada Familia. He carved many designs
La Sagrada Familia
"Approx to be finished around 2026" Each towers represent in ascending order of height the Twelve Apostles, the four Evangelists, the Virgin Mary and, tallest of all, Jesus Christ.
Part of the Nativity Facade: separated by two large columns, and at the base of each lies a turtle or a tortoise (one to represent the land and the other the sea; each are symbols of time as something set in stone and unchangeable).Used Nature and creatures as a base of the column.
*Portico= roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns
One of the three facades. 3 Facades: the Nativity façade to the East(to the birth of Jesus, it is decorated with elements of life), the Passion façade to the West(Plain, simple, made of bones), and the Glory façade to the South (yet to be completed).
*facade= the (front side) face of a building
Passion Facade: plain and simple, with bare stone, and carved with straight lines to resemble a skeleton. Intended to portray the sins of man. Facing the setting sun, it is symbolic of the death of Christ, It's supported by six large columns; made up of 18 bone-shaped columns, which ends in a large cross with a crown of thorns. Each of the four towers is dedicated to an apostle (James, Thomas, Philip, or Bartholomew)
Nativity Facade- first facade to be completed. Dedicated to the birth of Jesus; decorated with elements of life; sculptures are decorated with scenes and images from nature.
Casa Vicens- example of his Flambuoyant work

Casa Vicens was Antoni Gaudí's first major commission in the city of Barcelona. Combining Gothic and Mudéjar (or, Moorish) styles, Casa Vicens set the tone for Gaudí's later work. Selling for 30 million euros.
Casa Vicens:
•Bright colors
brick and tiles
•Extensive tile work
•Elaborately decorated chimneys
Casa Vicens also reflects Gaudí's love of nature. Plants that had to be destroyed to build Casa Vicens are incorporated into the building.
Categorized as the : Art Noveau Movement
The house is constructed of undressed stone, rough red bricks, and colored ceramic tiles in checkerboard and floral patterns.
Casa Vicens was built using bricks, tiles and iron. The color composition of its checkerboard theme works in perfect harmony with the iron elements such as the gate, the lamps and the pots.
Casa Vicen

"La Sagrada Familia"
This was in Barcelona and one of Gaudi's most impressive works. This enormous church is still unfinished because Gaudi died while still in the process of making it.
It had "leaning columns" (equilibrium system) Gaudi measured the correct angle for each of the leaning columns. He made a small hanging model of the church, using string to represent the columns. Then he turned the model upside down and... gravity did the math.
The ongoing construction of Sagrada Familia is paid for by tourism. When La Sagrada Familia is complete, the church will have a total of 18 towers, each dedicated to a different religious figure, and each one hollow, allowing t various types of bells sound with the choir.
The style of Sagrada Familia has been called "warped Gothic",The rippling contours of the stone façade make it look as though Sagrada Familia is melting in the sun.
The towers are topped with brightly-colored mosaics which look like bowls of fruit. Gaudi believed that color is life, and, knowing that he would not live to see completion of his masterpiece, left colored drawings of his vision for future architects to follow.
People say that it is the most extraordinary personal interpretation of Gothic architecture since the Middle Ages.



A gargoyle on the La Sagrada Familia, this showed that Gaudi was into sculptures as well besides nature
Casa Batllo
Called the house of bones
Josep Batlló hired Gaudí to design his home in 1904
one of his most poetic and artistic designs for a building, Casa Batlló.
This building consists of:
animal shapes, vine-like curves, bone and skeleton, and colored ceramic and glass.
looks like it has been made from skulls and bones. The "Skulls" are in fact balconies and the "bones" are supporting pillars

The roof terrace is one of the most popular features of the Casa Batllo. Its famous for its dragon back design. Gaudí represents an animal’s spine by using tiles of different colors on one side. The roof is decorated with four chimney stacks, these chimneys are their 45-degree angle departure from the roof before they become vertical; designed to prevent backdraughts.
the spine lines down the staircase through flowing wall forms of scale-like surfaces. The twisting in the doors, frames are all interpretations of Gaudí’s art nouveau style.
The loft is one of the most unusual spaces. used for laundry rooms and storage areas. It is known for its simplicity of shapes and its Mediterranean influence through the use of white on the walls. It contains a series of sixty arches that creates a space which represents the ribcage of an animal. Some people believe that the “ribcage” design of the arches is a ribcage for the dragon’s spine that is represented in the roof.
The noble floor is larger than seven-hundred square meters, it is the main floor of the building. The noble floor is accessed through a private entrance hall that utilizes skylights resembling tortoise shells.
The dramatic humpback represnts an armadillo’s, while on the other side it is covered with fragments producing a white-into-orange sheen. The spine is dotted with green and blue vertebrae.
when the facade glows in the night it looks like bone-like skeletal structures and dramatic shadows.
Park Guell
Casa Mila (aka the quarry)


The columned hall, forest of Roman-inspired columns, support the main eye catcher. Doric columns support the roof.
The main entrance of the park is the most spiritual part of the park. It looks like paradise.
It is divided into 7 parts. It's famous for its multicolored
stones which are used for mosaic.
His structures echo natural forms, with columns like tree trunks supporting branching vaulting under the roadway, and the curves of vaulting and alignment of sloping columns so that the arch shapes form perfect compression structures.
The large cross at the Park's high-point offers the most complete view of Barcelona and the bay
The park supports a wide variety of wildlife.
Gaudi built these 2 pavilions because he wanted to give them a natural look, like it formed nature by itself, similar to "Hansel and Gretel".
This staircase leads directly to a square. (which is on the next slide) Gaudi once said that "Color in certain places has the great value of making the outlines and structural planes seem more energetic." As you can see in the lizard, it is outlined in many colored tiles giving it a fire salamander or dragon look. Called "the fire salamander"
Reflects Art of Modernism
The stones its flesh and the columns its skeletons(anatomy-like).
150 windows
mimics the flowing waves of the sea.
designs on the balconies are made out of pure scrap iron. This was in 1910. You can tell the abstract art in this building.
has air shafts, ventilation systems,
designed parking space for motor vehicles, first to be built in europe
large paned windows were not invented at the time but he made abstract shaped windows
bold forms of the stone facade and iron decoration of the balconies and windows.
steel structure and curtain walls – the façade is self-supporting.
underground car parking and separate lifts and stairs for the owners and their servants.
Gaudi built a roof terrace with surprising chimneys

Gaudi was famous for many of his beautiful mosaic designs he used in Park Guell.
This is the main focal point of the park. It is a long bench in the form of a sea serpent. To design the curved bench surface, Gaudi used the shape of buttocks left by a naked workman sitting in wet clay.
Do you recognize this film? Director Tim Burton used Gaudi's architectural designs for the movie "Batman Returns"
MLA Citations
"Antoni Gaudí Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, 2013.
http://www.biography.com/people/antoni-gaud%C3%AD-40695
"List of Gaudí Buildings." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Aug. 2013.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Gaud%C3%AD_buildings
"Antoni Gaudí." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2013.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoni_Gaud%C3%AD
"The Sagrada Família » Antoni Gaudí"
http://www.sagradafamilia.cat/sf-eng/docs_instit/gaudi.php
“Antoni Gaudi. His Life. His Works." Antoni Gaudi. His Life. His Works, 2010
http://www.gaudiclub.com/ingles/i_vida/i_menu.html
"God's Architect: Antoni Gaudí's Glorious Vision." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 09 June 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18560_162-57586898/gods-architect-antoni-gaud-237-s-glorious-vision/
"ANTONI GAUDÍ WORKS." The Modernist Works of Antoni Gaud, the Architect Who Designed Casa Batlló.
http://www.casabatllo.es/en/history/antoni-gaudi/works/
"I WILL TRAVEL the World through a Different Set of Glasses." I WILL TRAVEL.
http://iwilltravelblog.com/antonio-gaudi-architect-mason-saint/
"Cassiopaea Forum." "Originality Is Returning To The Origin" & Other Architectural Insights.
http://cassiopaea.org/forum/index.php?topic=20882.0
"History of Art: Modern Style - Art Nouveau." History of Art: Modern Style - Art Nouveau.
www.all-art.org/history530.html
"National Geographic Magazine - NGM.com." National Geographic Magazine - NGM.com.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/print/2010/12/big-idea/gaudi-text

THESIS:
Gaudi had a distinctive, organic style that set him apart. He used nature in his work, which evolved into an organic style. He was also connected with modernism, a revolutionary movement of his day. For these reasons, Gaudi was an architect who was ahead of his time.


His work has greatly influenced the face of Barcelona Architecture and you will see Gaudí's work all over the city. by the use of curved construction stones, twisted iron sculptures, and organic-like forms which are traits of Gaudí's Barcelona architecture.
Gaudí also adorned many of his buildings with coloured tiles arranged in mosaic patterns. This added another important dimension to his buildings which is so often overlooked by architects - the use of colour.


Still honor Gaudi today:
The Google homepage today shows 6 images of Spanish architecture, including the Casa Batlló, in Barcelona, and the Casa Mila of the workss of Antoni Gaudí celebrating his 161st birthday.
UNESCO, placed several of Gaudi's buildings on its World Heritage List, from They describe him as helping shape 19th and 20th century architecture and building technology:
Gaudí's work is admired by architects around the World as being one of the most unique and distinctive architectural styles.
Gaudi
His work has greatly influenced the face of Barcelona Architecture and you will see Gaudí's work all over the city. by the use of curved construction stones, twisted iron sculptures, and organic-like forms which are traits of Gaudí's Barcelona architecture.
Gaudí also adorned many of his buildings with coloured tiles arranged in mosaic patterns. This added another important dimension to his buildings which is so often overlooked by architects - the use of colour.
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