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Philosophy: Aesthetics

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Nipa Chauhan

on 18 February 2011

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Transcript of Philosophy: Aesthetics

Philosophy: Aesthetics By: Jason Kim, Susan Fridlyand, Bryan Torres,
Ryan Brudner, Nicole Mclean, Jessica Watters,
and Nipa Chauhan Art is not relative here. The Issues of Aesthetics. What is beauty? What is the role of art? Intention? Does art have
value? How must one
define art? How must one
judge art? What is Aesthetics?
the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art)
"aesthetikos" -> To perceive "Aesthetics." WordNet Search. Princeton. Web. <http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=aesthetics>. What is beauty? What is the role of art? Does art have value? How must one
define art? How must one
judge art? OSCAR WILDE

PREFACE to THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY (1891)

The artist is the creator of beautiful things.
To reveal art and conceal the artist is art�s aim.
The critic is he who can translate into another manner or a new material his impression of beautiful things.
The highest as the lowest form of criticism is a mode of autobiography.
Those who find ugly meanings in beautiful things are corrupt without being charming. This is a fault.
Those who find beautiful meanings in beautiful things are the cultivated. For these there is hope.
They are the elect to whom beautiful things mean only beauty.
There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book.
Books are well written, or badly written. That is all.
The nineteenth century dislike of realism is the rage of Caliban seeing his own face in a glass.
The nineteenth century dislike of romanticism is the rage of Caliban not seeing his own face in a glass.
The moral life of man forms part of the subject-matter of the artist, but the morality of art consists in the perfect use of an imperfect medium. No artist desires to prove anything. Even things that are true can be proved.
No artist has ethical sympathies. An ethical sympathy in an artist is an unpardonable mannerism of style.
No artist is ever morbid. The artist can express everything.
Thought and language are to the artist instruments of an art.
Vice and virtue are to the artist materials for an art.
From the point of view of form, the type of all the arts is the art of the musician. From the point of view of feeling, the actor�s craft is the type.
All art is at once surface and symbol.
Those who go beneath the surface do so at their peril.
Those who read the symbol do so at their peril.
It is the spectator, and not life, that art really mirrors.
Diversity of opinion about a work of art shows that the work is new, complex, and vital.
When critics disagree, the artist is in accord with himself.
We can forgive a man for making a useful thing as long as he does not admire it. The only excuse for making a useless thing is that one admires it intensely.
All art is quite useless. Think about it...
Why does Oscar Wilde think all art is useless?
Do you think art is useless?
Which philosopher does Oscar Wilde remind you of? Thank you. Wilde, Oscar. Preface. PREFACE to THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY. Brandeis University. Web. "A thing of beauty is a joy forever." - John Keats Plato Hippias Major:
Beauty behaves as a Platonic Form
Beauty is a special Form strongly relating to the morally good
Beauty not as closely related to artwork as one would think
Symposium:
Beauty is heavily associated with "the good"
In hierarchy of beautiful things, the Form of Beauty is at the top
Therefore, idea of beauty is most beautiful
Republic:
Poems are simply decorated words
Reluctant to associate poems with beauty
"The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance." - Aristotle Aristotle Politics:
Aim of art - To give immediate pleasure
Art is imitation (mimesis) of things/events that are and can be

Lady GaGa: (after being stopped by police when wearing a flesh-colored skimpy outfit) I guess they weren't really pants at all. But it was really funny because all you saw was this half-naked girl on the street yelling at some cop, "It's fashion! I'm an artist!" It was fun. What is her intention? Excerpt from: Howl
by Allen Ginsberg Is this poem beautiful? Not the price on a piece of art, that’s all business.
In terms of philosophy, the value of art challenges ways to define art, how to place aesthetic judgment on art, and the connection between moral values and aesthetic values. Descriptive vs. Normative Observations and experiences that explain what art is Define art according to specific standards (norms) Objectivism vs. Subjectivism Ayn Rand Qualities contained in art itself
Judgement based on composition of qualities David Hume Focuses on how much pleasure a work of art arouses in the perceiver
Judgment depends on emotions that the object makes one feel Shark by Damien Hirst Perspectives: Influenced by prejudices
Cultural
Age
Psychological
Historical David Hume (Essays Moral and Political):
Taste→ - ability to recognize aesthetic features
Universal standard of beauty is impossible- prejudice
→Beauty originates in the mind of the observe If everyone is biased, who decides what is art? Critics - attentive, refined taste, better taste
Immanuel Kant:
Art can only be judged in relation to itself
Formal Properties
Human mind has two sides- sensuous and rational Is graffiti art or vandalism? Banksy AESTHETIC POINTS OF VIEW
Art imitates reality
Art expresses feelings
Art is form
Art is a useful social purpose
Art is anything that artists/art critics say it is
Art is dead Defining art specifically can bring much controversy, as it limits what can and can't be art. A solid definition of art will please only certain people, becoming artwork itself. What do you think this is?
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