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Machiavelli

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Niccolo Machiavelli

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Machiavelli

Views on Religion People believed Machiavelli was a realist or pragmatist.

Machiavelli was an anti-christian and found himself being drawn towards pagan civil religions of ancient societies such as Rome.

He was also believed to be an atheist which means he did not believe there is such thing as a god. Basic Overview of Life Il Principe (The Prince) Machiavelli started his studies in the city of Florence in 1498 and in 1513 he wrote the book “The Prince” but was not Published until 1532 which was after his death.

The book is about how to stay high in power in respects to politics. It has 26 chapters split into 4 sections full of knowledge. These sections in the book are based on: Principalities, Armies, the Character Prince, and the situation of Italy

Prince in the story is know as a very harsh person. One of the beliefs Machiavelli gave the character was that it is better to be cruel than merciful. Discorsi Sopra la Prima Deca di Tito Livio
(Discourses on Livy) Discourses on Livy was stared in 1515 and was finished around 1518. The book reviewed the history of the Roman republic, also giving some lessons
on how a republic should be started and
structured. It secretly exposed the
principles of republican rule, covered as a
commentary on the work of a historian
of the Roman Republic, who doesn't seem
to be named.
If this wasn't the fist, it was the most
important book on republicanism in
that time. Philosopher, Musician, and many more Niccolo Machiavelli Cover of Discourses On Livy for a 1996 version of the book Machiavelli lived from 1469-1527 and was
born in Florence, Italy on 3 May 1469.
His family was most likely wealthy and took
Latin and Italian classics classes which made
him very knowledgeable of the subjects.
In 1494 he became a clerk and ambassador in
Florence which were governmental services.
Also in 1494 he restored the republic and got
expelled the Medici family who was ruling at the time.
During 1499 and 1512 he went to the court of Louis XII in France, Ferdinand II of Aragón and the Papacy in Rome where he undertook some diplomatic missions.
In court is where he became interested in the state buildings methods. Basic Overview of Life~Cont. In 1503-1506 he was in charge of the Florentine militia and defense of the city but his army was defeated.

Machiavelli got arrested for conspiracy and got tortured but finally was released to retire. This is when he started writing the treaties.

He returned the favour to the Medici family and also worked on another book called "History of Florence".

Machiavelli died before he could finish rehab just outside of Florence on 21st of June, 1527 A portrait of Machiavelli Sources Information
http://www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_machiavelli.html
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/macv.htm
www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature/the-prince.html
www.goodreads.com/work/quotes/1335445-il-principe
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/#9
http://www.emachiavelli.com/Machiavelli%20on%20power.htm
http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/machiavelli.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machiavellianism


Pictures
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli
http://www.bibliovault.org/BV.book.epl?ISBN=9780226500362
http://www.squidoo.com/the-prince-a-review-by-nevermore

Done by Carmen Hockley, Allie Matthias, Paige Parson, Zack Welch The 4 principalities that he talks about in the story are hereditary which is a family in charge for many generations, mixed which is added territory to the ruler, new which is a persons own power and ecclesiastical which has to do with the catholic
church.

The book was all about how prince had to
maintain his power and he had to pay close
attention to the military aspects. Italy is
said to have had problems by not doing so. Il Principe (The Prince) cont. The top 3 Quotes from the story are:
”Everyone see what you appear to be, few experience what you really are” Quote from Prince

“ If and injury has to be done to a man it should be so severe that his vengeance need not be feared” Quote from Prince

“There's no other way to guard yourself against flattery than by making men understand that telling the truth will not offend you” Quote from Prince Il Principe (The Prince) Beliefs on Power ~ Many people considered him to be evil. His philosophy is that actions that are not considered kind are acceptable in order to get power in a society.

~Protestants and Catholics disapproved of his doctrines because they separated power from morals.

~He also did not believe in pursuing evil behaviour for the sake of it but only took the actions necessary to sustain power.

~He made comments that virtue was not important but the appearance of it is what matters. He also claimed that preemptive attacks in war were necessary to stop others from getting control and that preparations for war should be greatly part of leaders jobs.

~Some people took his beliefs as humor and others were opposed to even the thought. Even with all this hatred towards his understanding there was people who understood his philosophies and put them into action. Involvement in Politics Machiavellism is "the employment of cunning and duplicity in statecraft or in general conduct" (Oxford English Dictionary) which became very popular in northern europe politics.

Machiavelli was excommunicated for sharing his views but his ideas still had a large effect on the government at the time.

His theories have been used to promote democracy but also other ways of governing such as communism. Affect on the World Today Machiavelli has inspired people like Henry Kissinger who is considered the Machiavelli of the 20th century. This is because Henry also realizes the need to separate the need for power from morals.

Most politicians around the world have a degree of strategies from Machiavelli even though they are not usually as dedicated.

He also greatly affects the businessmen who are greedily only looking for money which is considered a type of power. They use his strategies to manipulate peoples passions in order to gain money for themselves.

He affected literature by becoming the villain who looks good but betrays the good people, in dramatic arts. This role has been given the name the “machiavelli” in memory of Niccolo’s deceitful ways.
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