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Causes of Civil War Timeline

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Kaitlyn Powell

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Causes of Civil War Timeline

1820 Missouri Compromise Missouri entered as a slave state, so Maine entered as a free state.
Slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana territory. Preserved the balance of free and slave states in the Senate.
This marked the beginning of the sectional conflict that would lead to civil war. 1846 Wilmot Proviso Proposed, but rejected, bill that would have banned slavery in the territory won from Mexico in the Mexican War. The proposal broke party unity and instead divided Congress.
The Proviso passed in the House of Representatives, but failed in the Senate.
The proviso brought the issue of slavery to the forefront.
Thus, the lands won from Mexico increased tensions between the North and South. 1850 The Compromise of 1850 Political agreement that allowed California to be admitted as a free state, and the policy of popular soverignty was applied to the territory aquired from Mexico. The compromise of 1850 was meant to calm the fears of Americans.
The New Fugitive Slave Act had the opposite effect, which enraged many notherners. 1850 Fugitive Slave Act Law that required all citizens to aid in apprehending runaway slaves.
Citizens who helped a fugitive slave could be fined or improsioned. This enraged many northerners. It wasnt just the abolitionist but also the northerners who felt forced to support the slave system.
The northerners also disliked how there was an increase in federal intervention in the affairs of the independent states. Some northern states took action by passing Personal Liberty Laws which nullified The Fugitive Slave Act and also allowing them to arrest slave catchers for kidnapping. 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin A book written by Harriet Breecher Stowe, which lead readers to believe slaves were people not possesions.
The book was a powerful condemnation of slavery. In its first year, the book spread compassion for enslaved people in the North, but it infuriated citizens in the South.
White southerners responded by writing their version of southern living, making the slaves out to be happy, carefree, & gently cared for.
During this time the tension raised between the North and the South. 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act & "Bleeding
Kansas" Created a potential for slavery in Kansas and Nebraska territories by allowing for popular sovereignty.
This bill, which was supported by Stephen Douglas, overturned the Missouri Compromise. This was meant to unite the nation, but it cause further division and led to the creation of the Republican Party.
Due to all the controversy violent outbreaks occurred in various locations.
Reporters would characterize the territory as "Bleeding Kansas."
This made it clear that popular sovereignty was not a solution to the issue of slavery. 1857 Dred Scott vs. Sandford Dred Scott sued for being enslaved while on free soil.
He claimed that his master had taken him to the free state of Illinois and Wisconsin Territory, where slavery was outlawed by the Missouri Compromise.
He was basically saying between the years of 1834 and 1838 Scott had lived mostly on free soil while remaining enslaved. The court ruled against Scott, the Court decided that slaves and their children were property, not citizens, and therefore not entitled to sue in court.
The court also said that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. Southerners celebrated the decision, but the North viewed it with alarm.
Abolitionist labeled the ruling a southern conspiracy. Some people suggested that the North should secede from the Union, or members of the supreme court should be impeached. 1859 John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry John Brown believed that the issue of slavery had to be resolved and he believed violence was the best way. He gathered 21 men, 5 of them being free African Americans, and he set out to seize the federal arsenal in Harper's Ferry, Virgina.
He wanted to motivate local slaves to join a revolution that would destroy slavery in the South. In the end Brown's revolution became nothing.
Local; residents surrounded Brown's men in the arsenal, and federal troops soon arrived to arrest them.
Two of Brown's sons were killed in the act. Brown's attack increased the intensity in already-boiling tempers.
Affected the economy by causing a steep drop in cotton prices.
Many southerners prepared for war. 1860 The Election of 1860 Lincoln won the election.
The North and the South were now effectively two separate political parties.
There seemed no way to bridge the gap. After Lincoln became president, many southern states wanted to secede the US, claiming the government was getting too strong.
President Lincoln said he would fight to keep the South, but it only led to war. 1861 Attack on Fort Sumter South Carolina was suspicious of Lincoln's motives.
Confederate government ordered Fort Sumter to surrender immediately.
The confederates bombarded the fort, the Union eventually surrendered. Following the battle, there was widespread support from both the North and the South for further military action.
Lincoln's immediate call for volunteers to suppress the rebellion resulted in an additional four states also declaring their secession and joining the Confederacy. Civil War Causes of Civil War Timeline By: Kaitlyn Powell
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