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TRIFOCALIZATION

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Jianna Joy Quiambao

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of TRIFOCALIZATION

TRIFOCALIZATION
Is a systematic delegation of authority at all levels of management and in all of the organization.
The movement of departments of a large organization away from a single administrative center to other locations
The administration of the educational system in the Philippines is decentralized into three foci (trifocalized) having three different agencies forefront the three educational levels of the system
DECENTRALIZATION
also known as TESDA, spearheads the country’s technical and vocational trainings, typically in two-year post-secondary programs.
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
also known as DepEd, forefronts the country’s basic education covering the primary, secondary and non-formal basic education systems.
Department of Education
We dream of Filipinos 
who passionately love their country 
and whose values and competencies  
enable them to realize their full potential and contribute meaningfully to building the nation.

As a learner-centered public institution, the Department of Education continuously improves itself to better serve its stakeholders. 

Vision
TESDA is the leading partner in the development of the Filipino workforce with world-class competence and positive work values.

Vision
The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) is the key leader of the Philippine Higher Education System effectively working in partnership with other major higher education stakeholders in building the country’s human capital and innovation capacity towards the development of a Filipino Nation as a responsible member of the international community.
Vision
To protect and promote the right of every Filipino to quality, equitable, culture-based, and complete basic education where:

Students
 learn in a child-friendly, gender-sensitive, safe, and motivating environment.
Teachers
 facilitate learning and constantly nurture every learner.
Administrators and staff
, as stewards of the institution, ensure an enabling and supportive environment for effective learning to happen.
Family, community, and other stakeholders
 are actively engaged and share responsibility for developing life-long learners.

Mission
TESDA provides direction, policies, programs and standards towards quality technical education and skill development.
Mission
Given the national government’s commitment to transformational leadership that puts education as the central strategy for investing in the Filipino people, reducing poverty, and building national competitiveness and pursuant to Republic Act 7722, CHED shall:

A
. Promote relevant and quality higher education (i.e. higher education institutions and programs are at par with international standards and graduates and professionals are highly competent and recognized in the international arena);

B
. Ensure that quality higher education is accessible to all who seek it particularly those who may not be able to afford it;

C.
 Guarantee and protect academic freedom for continuing intellectual growth, advancement of learning and research, development of responsible and effective leadership, education of high level professionals, and enrichment of historical and cultural heritages; and

D.
 Commit to moral ascendancy that eradicates corrupt practices, institutionalizes transparency and accountability and encourages participatory governance in the Commission and the sub-sector.
Mandate
AIMS
To give proper attention to:
Basic
Training and Vocational
Higher Education

Reasons for pursuing the decentralization of the Philippine Education System are:
Poor quality of Education
Shortfalls in classrooms
Shortfalls in textbooks and teachers
Low achievement in science, math and language
Disparity in rural and urban areas in terms of achievement
Core Values
Maka-Diyos
Maka-tao
Makakalikasan
Makabansa
Mandate
The Department of Education was established through the Education Decree of 1863 as the Superior Commission of Primary Instruction under a Chairman. The Education agency underwent many reorganization efforts in the 20th century in order to better define its purpose vis a vis the changing administrations and charters. The present day Department of Education was eventually mandated through Republic Act 9155, otherwise known as the Governance of Basic Education act of 2001 which establishes the mandate of this agency.

The Department of Education (DepEd) formulates, implements, and coordinates policies, plans, programs and projects in the areas of formal and non-formal basic education. It supervises all elementary and secondary education institutions, including alternative learning systems, both public and private; and provides for the establishment and maintenance of a complete, adequate, and integrated system of basic education relevant to the goals of national development.
Mission
TESDA provides direction, policies, programs and standards towards quality technical education and skill development.
Values Statement
We believe in demonstrated competence, institutional integrity, personal commitment and deep sense of nationalism.
"We measure our worth by the satisfaction of the customers we serve“

Through:
Strategic Decisions
Effectiveness
Responsiveness
Value Adding
Integrity
Citizen focus
Efficiency
Quality Policy
Commission on Higher Education
also known as CHED, heads the administration of four-year post-secondary and other advanced degrees.
was created on May 18, 1994 through the passage of Republic Act No. 7722, or the Higher Education Act of 1994. CHED, an attached agency to the Office of the President for administrative purposes, is headed by a chairman and four commissioners, each having a term of office of four years. The Commission En Banc acts as a collegial body in formulating plans, policies and strategies relating to higher education and the operation of CHED.
TRIFOCALIZATION OF PHILIPPINE
EDUCATION SYSTEM
Prior to 1994, the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) had the sole responsibility for policy formulation, planning, budgeting, program implementation and coordination in all levels of formal and non-formal education in the Philippines.
It also supervised all education institutions in both the public and the private sectors. During the Aquino administration, Congress created an Education Committee (EDCOM) which recommended the “trifocalization” of the organizational structure in the education sector.
Under this policy which took effect in 1994/1995, oversight for the education sector is now provided by three distinct bodies: the DECS for basic education; the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) for technical and vocational education and training; and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for higher education. 
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