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Fireworks Hard Plays Hard

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by

Nick Anthony

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of Fireworks Hard Plays Hard

What are Fireworks?
Hide Yo' Recipes, Hide yo' Fuses...
Competition between the Italians and their fireworks made people take precautions
Women defended their creations with shotguns in case someone tried to mess with their fuses or steal their recipes
The Grucci Family Makes a name for themselves in The U.S.
Al Capone "Likes" Fireworks
Al Capone speaks with Felix Grucci after one of his shows, wants him to put on a show
The show had thousands of dollars worth of fireworks
Fireworks are believed to be a cover up for Capone "taking out people" during the loud explosions in the sky
Starts with a Bang!
600-900 A.D. Chinese alchemist/ghostbuster (Li Tian)
13th century, fireworks is brought over from China
1400-1500's The Renaissance and the Italians
The Grucci Way
First shop was in Long Island, New york
Felix Grucci Sr built their firework firm starting in 1929
All the work was done outside
Grucci family are known for their chrysanthmeum (flower)
Celebrate presidential inaugurations, holidays, events/parties etc.
The numbers
http://www.n-tv.de/panorama/Colt-von-Al-Capone-versteigert-article3648301.html
Flickr.com
buzzle.com
A device or shell containing gunpowder and other combustible chemicals that causes a spectacular explosion when ignited, used typically for display or in celebrations
http://www.flickr.com/photos/hyku/2167019524/
Different Nations Different Fireworks
Fire and Waste
Fireworks are dangerous, 65% of injuries occur around 4th of July (can spark wildfires)
Fireworks are dangerous at ALL times
You can't recycle fireworks, soak discards in water, contact you city's waste department in order to dispose of them properly and effectively

Li Tian was was born during the Tang Dynasty in China around 601 A.D.

He was a monk and a chemist who experimented with sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate (They were commonly used for medicinal purposes at the time)

http://invention.yukozimo.com/who-invented-fireworks/
1. Thompson, Jim, Robert Polito, and Michael J. McCauley. 1988. Fireworks: the lost writings of Jim Thompson. New York: D.I. Fine
2. Watkins, T. F., J. C. Cackett, and R. G. Hall. 1968. Chemical warfare, pyrotechnics and the fireworks industry. Oxford, New York: Pergamon Press.
The emperor during the Tang Dynasty was Li Shiming and his Prime Minister, Wei Zhou, was constantly haunted by evil spirits for slaying an evil dragon. After hearing of this, chemist and monk, Li Tian, ignited a bamboo tube that contained inside it Tian's very own pyrotechnic creation of black powder. When the bamboo had exploded and made a loud noise, the spirit was frightened and never returned. Li Tian still wanted to do more for China and help those in need. Later, in the Zhenguan period of the Tang Dynasty, near the city of Liu Yang, people in the Huan Province faced floods and droughts annually. Frustrated by those who lived in poverty and struggling, Li Tian set off more of his bamboo sticks to rid the evil across the area. With the spirirts gone, the lands were no longer cursed and forsaken. Following Li Tian's courageous deed, the people were able to live in peace and prosperity once more. People in China offer sacrifices to Li Tian every year on April 18
.
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ancient-chinese-fireworks-invention-history.html
The development of fireworks sparked after the explosion of art during the Renaissance

One of the many theories about how fireworks made its way to Europe is Marco Polo's visit with Kublai Khan in the Mongol Empire

When he arrived back home, he brought various materials, goods, and other items from his travel, one of them was fireworks

7. Burckhardt, Jacob, and S. G. C. Middlemore. 1935. The civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. [New York]: A.C. Boni.
en.wikipedia.org
http://jumpei-mitsui.com/aboutme/florence-1400s
13. "Firework Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.statisticbrain.com/firework-statistics/.
Dogs hate fireworks, they do not like the high screeching sounds that certain types of fireworks have and they become anxious or frightened when they hear the loud boom as the shell explodes from the sky.

It is a societal norm to celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks and to celebrate other significant times in history for other countries. Fireworks are universal,you do not have to be American to enjoy its presence and entertainment. Some however, feel they are too dangerous and prohibit their citizens from being around these explosives.

In result of the popularity of fireworks, laws and policies have been established to help keep the public safe from others and themselves.
FireWORKS Hard Plays Hard
outernationalist.net
Tian used his explosive bamboo to scare evil spirits and ghosts and brought peace and prosperity to those in China
Chinese visit his temple and bring offerings on April 18 to honor him, they also light fireworks on this day
Li Tian is considered as "The Father of Firecrackers"
Li Tian's Impact
Li Tian's temple
The Legend
"Father of Firecrackers"
7
2
clydefitchreport.com
cambridgefireworks.com
Italian scientists made their impact later in history. In the 1830's they created the first colorful fireworks. Until this time, the only colors displayed were orange and white flashes. Now there are all the colors of the rainbow in aerial shells that light up the sky.
Throw in Some Colors!
Rockets Red Glare in the Renaissance
7
After Marco Polo brought back fireworks from the Orient, Italians began developing them into something more than a tool to scare evil spirits away

They created a whole new style of entertainment. Aerial shells were canisters of explosive composition that were launched into the sky and exploded

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-oMikJVNBoh0/TrCspjq6SPI/AAAAAAAAABk/kUL4NqKerzk/s300/Contants%2Bof%2BAn%2BAerial%2Bshell.jpg%2Bcopy
travel.nationalgeographic.com
Something More
5
5. Burckhardt, Jacob, and S. G. C. Middlemore. 1935. The civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. [New York]: A.C. Boni.
6. Burckhardt, Jacob, and S. G. C. Middlemore. 1935. The civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. [New York]: A.C. Boni.
6
Marco Polo
Fireworks were developed by the Italians to be a tool of celebration and joyous occasions.

These colorful explosives helped bring excitement and interest to events such as parties, sports games, live performances holidays, and even national theme parks such as Disneyland.

On average, 213 lbs of fireworks are purchased every year which equates to about 940 million dollars in revenue for the the firework firms and businesses. This market continues to grow and help the overall economy with its many consumers who are in love with fireworks.
newsinfo.inquirer.net
texas.rangers.mlb.com
disneywallpaperfree.blogspot.com
blogspot.com
cursedtofirst.com
Firework
- Katy Perry
"You just gotta ignite the light and let it shine just own the night like the fourth of July 'Cause baby you're a firework come and show 'em what you're worth make 'em go "oh, oh, oh!" as you shoot across the sky-y-y baby you're a firework come and let your colors burst make 'em go "oh, oh, oh!" You're gonna leave 'em falling down down down"
Death/Injury
Today people choose to have fun with fireworks, but not necessarily legal fun
Teenagers and those under the age of 14 make up 40% of the overall injuries involving fireworks
It is not just the young causing trouble, childish older folks have caused injuries to themselves, the environment, and others around them as well by disrespecting the explosives they hold in their hand
In total about 9,200 people suffer injuries per year playing with some type of fireworks
In order to lower the high percentage of injuries, kids need to understand the danger of fireworks and like any other explosive, you must treat it with respect and carefulness
newrytimes.com
heraldsun.com.au

Movies are full of explosions and fireworks to enhance their scenes and keep the audience interested.

Fireworks helped us fully understand how we can used controlled explosives safely

First made their impact in Hollywood between 1910 and 1920

The Sandlot depicts a scene involving a regular 4th of July celebration in America and kids playing baseball under the colorful lights

hermanbagus.blogspot.com
youtube.com
fireworksdisplay.org
Don't touch that firework son.
17. "Fireworks." Fireworks. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fire-causes/fireworks.
16. "Firework Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.statisticbrain.com/firework-statistics/.
Lights, Camera, Fireworks!
Fireworks are loud, plain and simple

People with anxiety such as older folks, choose to live without excitement and therefore would suffer from the spontaneous colorful explosions and the shrieks that follow up to the fireworks' climax

Pain from hearing will start at the sound of 125 decibels, 140 decibels is equivalent to the sound of a jet engine at 100 ft

People who have serious anxiety could put themselves in a potential risk of a heart attack or stroke from being around the blasts of fireworks

Consumer fireworks such as: whistlers, bangers, and cracklers have some of the highest decibel levels so make sure to avoid these if you cannot handle the noise
http://cloudyandcool.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/fireworks_pollution.jpg?w=500
Noise Pollution
15 "Firework - Katy Perry." SongLyrics.com. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.songlyrics.com/katy-perry/firework-lyrics/.
15
10
12
21. "Fireworks." Fireworks. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fire-causes/fireworks.
Thesis
From the many hands of different countries, fireworks drew a spark, a new source of dangerous entertainment as it began its purpose warding off evil spirits and bringing prosperity to China, then streamed across to the Italians where their developments instituted colorful explosions in the sky, but through this excitement, we must be careful and respect the magnificence and power fireworks demonstrates in our world today.
Katy Perry wrote a hit pop song titled, "Firework"

She said she got her inspiration from Jack Kerovac and his 1957 novel "The Road"

"Firework was named the top 5 song in over 20 charts around the world and sold 6.8 million copies in the U.S. alone
Disneyworld is the largest U.S. consumer of fireworks (considered the "happiest place on Earth for pyrotechnics)

Sparklers burns 15 times hotter than boiling water (3 together burns as hot as a blowtorch)

Dubai has the world record for largest fireworks display with 479,651 fireworks (Dec 2013) And this record is held by the pyrotechnic work of? The Grucci Family (shocker)

Static electricity can even set off fireworks which is why pyrotechnicians always wear 100% cotton (they touch a copper plate before entering a building to remove any static electricity they may be carrying)
"Firework"
14. "Katy Perry Breaks Chart Records With 'Firework'" Newsroom. Accessed April 25, 2015. http://newsroom.mtv.com/2010/12/09/katy-perry-firework-number-one/.
la-screenwriter.com
The Worst That Could Happen
Comanche, Texas. 3 injured 1 dead in fireworks accident (It was just an annual fireworks show being set up)
France: preciseness, depth of colors, multi break shells
Brazil: sharp in color with stars that dart and change color
frenchseams.com
page: cntraveller.com
Britain: hummingbirds, streaks of light shoot across the sky
pinterest.com
Canada: Willows, bloom in the sky
pinterest.com
America: multi-break shells create one cluster after another
wallpaper2020.com
Italy: Alot of noise, not focused on color (bombardment!)
youtube.com
China: More round than cylindrical, fancy names (Dragon Chasing a Bull with Silver Rain and Thunder)
tommybeautypro.wordpress.com
Fireworks change throughout the world by their color, style, shells, and breaks in the sky

Although Italy and China were the front runners for the creation and development of fireworks, other countries have made it their own entertainment
How's it work?
1. A shell made out of plastic, paper machie, or heavy paper surrounding compartments separated by cardboard

2. A small compartment at the base of the shell contains black powder to propel the firework into the sky from a mortar made of iron, aluminum, plastic, or heavy cardboard

3. The Stars are the key ingredient to make fireworks become fireworks
How do you make the colors?
Written in the stars
A larger compartment contains chunks of a mixture of chemicals that produce light and color when heated (these chunks are called stars)

No stars, no color/light, just a loud explosion that nobody can see
awesomehomemade.blogspot.com
http://www.skylighter.com/fireworks/how-to-make/Stars-and-Shell-Inserts.asp
flickr.com
Fun Facts
Fireworks brings home the bacon
The American Firework Family
The Gruccis put the United States on the map for firework shows and took their talents to competitions all over the world

They Won the Monte Carlo Competition in 1966 which was the "Olympics of fireworks"

On their way back home from the victory, President Reagan asked the Gruccis to put on a show at the White House as a sign of gratitude

1980's the Gruccis shined with their work in the Brooklyn Bridge and Statue of Liberty as well as the Olympic Games at Lake Placid and World's Fairs in Tennesse and New Orleans
Not everyone loves fireworks
consumer fireworks

There are all shapes and sizes of consumer fireworks, but they are all generally weaker in explosive power compared to the professional's arsenal

Three kinds (Daytime, Nighttime, and novelty)
Each color can be created by using metal salts, fuel, a chlorine donating compound, and a mixture of different chemicals
11. "How Products Are Made." How Fireworks Is Made. Accessed April 26, 2015. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Fireworks.html.
Types of fireworks
Rockets
http://catalog.kellfire.com/individual?id=0100
All videos are from youtube and this website
Roman Candles
Firecrackers
Sparklers
Fountains
Cones
Parachutes
Wheels
Sky Flyers
Firecrackers
Rockets
Sparklers
Roman candles
Wheels
Fountain
Flyers
Parachute
http://catalog.kellfire.com/consumer/13
All these pictures are from this website
Leave it to the Pros
Professionals will use a 1.75 inch aerial shell up to a 12 inch, the launch will require a fuse, igniters, wire, etc.
1.75 inch shell
5 inch shell
8 inch shell
12 inch shell
12"
1.75"
Firework shows are the biggest culprits to causing unintended environmental damages, especially smoke and pollution. Fireworks that are set off inside cities, especially overpopulated areas, create poor air quality and have a huge impact on those who have asthma or need clean air to carry on their day in a normal fashion.
Smoke /Pollution
Fireworks factory catches fire
twimovies.com
maids.com
The highest decibel level (137.2) fireworks produce
http://www.cockeyed.com/science/fireworks/which_fireworks_are_loudest.html
19. "Which Firework Is the Loudest?" Which Firework Is the Loudest? Accessed April 27, 2015. http://www.cockeyed.com/science/fireworks/which_fireworks_are_loudest.html.
cirrusresearch.co.uk
The Gruccis never quit
1982 Thanksgiving, family's crammed factory in Bellport, NY explodes (huge mushroom cloud)
Killed 2 family members, 24 injured, over 100 damaged homes
That same year with salvaged fireworks, put on shows in two parks for New Years Eve
1985, built new factory in Brookhaven NY (10 ft sand barriers, away from homes)
Felix Grucci Sr passes away in 1993 from Alzheimers (87 years old)
Today The Gruccis are everywhere entertaining millions with their fireworks every year
Chrysanthmeum
Grucci's Statue of Liberty fireworks (1986)
entrepreneur.com
tenement.org
The Grucci Family
http://www.grucci.com/main.html?pgid=10
Gruccis' first shop
http://www.grucci.com/main.html?pgid=10
tvnz.co.nz
"Fireworks Accident Leaves 1 Dead in Comanche." YouTube. Accessed April 9, 2015.
This source contains a video about a tragic fireworks accident that occurred less than a year ago. This source extends my thesis to the power of fireworks and how dangerous they can be at all times. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is accurate, YouTube is one of the largest video websites and it appears to be a copy from the local news station.

"Fireworks." Fireworks. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fire-causes/fireworks.
This source contains information about the damages fireworks have caused per year and what effects occur from the use of fireworks. This source supports my thesis, because I understand the potential destruction of fireworks just like any other explosive. It is dangerous and should not be taken lightly, even if this explosive is made for entertainment. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible, the information is from the NFPA (National Fireworks Protection Association).

"Firework - Katy Perry." SongLyrics.com. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.songlyrics.com/katy-perry/firework-lyrics/.
This source contains the lyrics from the song "Firework" by Katy Perry. I took a couple stanzas from the song to show that Perry is using a metaphor between a person and fireworks, and it is still a very popular song today. This source supports my thesis in the idea that fireworks is magnificent, powerful, and full of wonder, which Katy Perry compares to a human being. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is reliable, it is a website for millions of exact song lyrics.

Firework Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.statisticbrain.com/firework-statistics/.
This source contains information about all kinds of statistics involving fireworks and how they impact society. I took information about the number of injuries/deaths, types of fireworks causing the most damage, and the negative effects it has towards people and its environment. This source extends my thesis, because fireworks are dangerous and should be treated with respect, I just didn't know exactly how much of an effect they had on society. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is accurate, all of the sources' statistics are from 2013, which was a little less than two years ago.

"Fireworks By Grucci." Fireworks By Grucci. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://www.grucci.com/home.html?pgid=1.
This source contains information about the history of the Grucci Family and their overall firework firm company information/events. I pulled out information about the history of the Gruccis and their latest success. This source supports my thesis, because the Italians are known for the development of fireworks, and the Gruccis are a leading example as to how fireworks has grown into the huge market it is today. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible, this is the official website of the Grucci firework company.

Hartt, Frederick. 1969. History of Italian Renaissance art: painting, sculpture, architecture. New York: H.N. Abrams.
This source contains information about the art and artists during the Renaissance and how they increased the wealth of Italy. I took information about the art that artists were famous for and pictures of their art. This source challenges my thesis, because I didn't know that fireworks did not get completely developed until the 1800s. This source passes the CRAAP test, because this book uses multiple sources to make sure its information is reliable.

"How Products Are Made." How Fireworks Is Made. Accessed April 26, 2015. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Fireworks.html.
This source contains information about how to make specific components involved with fireworks such as the stars or gunpowder. I took information about why the stars are necessary for fireworks and how pyrotechnics set up the tools for a fireworks show. This source supports my thesis, because the article explains how fireworks came to be and their development over the course of history. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is reliable, they have sources located at the bottom of their article to help support their statements/facts.

"Kellner's Fireworks Online Catalog." Kellner's Fireworks. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://catalog.kellfire.com/professional/26.
This source contains information on all consumer and professional fireworks available to buy today. I pulled out information on the common consumer fireworks such as firecrackers and sparklers, the professional size shells, and videos uploaded from YouTube on these fireworks. This source extends my thesis, because fireworks are dangerous period, but to a larger extent, professional fireworks have a lot more capability of causing serious harm to others and the environment. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is a fireworks online store and must be reliable in order for customers to buy products from their inventory.

Lancaster, Ronald. 1972. Fireworks: principles and practice. New York: Chemical Pub. Co.
This source passes the CRAAP test because it uses accuracy when explaining the life of Li Tian and the introduction on fireworks by using factual information. This source challenges my project thesis, because so far in my research I was the under the impression that Li Tian was a cook who mixed different chemicals and placed his concoction in a bamboo rod and the rest is history. When really, Li Tian became the ghost buster and help bring peace and prosperity to those in China.

Murray, Peter, and Linda Murray. 1963. The art of the Renaissance. New York: Praeger.
This source contains information about all the art created during the Renaissance and the success it brought to the people in Italy. I took information about the art and how Italy was able to grow and become a stronger country than ever before. This source extends my thesis, because I knew the Italians were known for their art in the Renaissance, but I didn't know Italy was very wealthy before they hired painters and sculptors. It passes passes the CRAAP test, because this book uses many sources to back up their information.

Plimpton, George. 1984. Fireworks. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
This source contained information about the places where fireworks really made its development and how it became the entertainment it is known for today. It extends my thesis, because I know the Italians played a huge role in developing fireworks, but I didn’t know it wasn’t until the 1830’s when fireworks were given color. This source passes the CRAAP test because it’s credible, its focus is on the Grucci family and throughout the book the author interviews a Grucci family member.


Russell, Michael S. 2000. The chemistry of fireworks. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry.
This source contains information about the chemical makeup up fireworks. From this source I pulled out what chemicals make certain colors of fireworks and how gunpowder was made. It supports my thesis , because Li Tian is believed to be the chemist who accidentally mixed potassium nitrate, sulfur, and charcoal. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is accurate, this book gives alot of references to where they got their findings.


Saxon, Wolfgang. "Felix James Grucci Sr., 87, Dies; Staged Fireworks Extravaganzas." The New York Times. January 11, 1993. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/1993/01/12/nyregion/felix-james-grucci-sr-87-dies-staged-fireworks-extravaganzas.html.
This source contains information about Felix Grucci Sr and his family firework business. I took out information involving the fireworks accident and the passing of Felix Grucci Sr. leading a legacy for the rest of the family. This source supports my thesis, because the italians such as the Gruccis developed fireworks, and the explosion of their factory just shows how dangerous and powerful fireworks are. This source passes the CRAAP test, it is reliable, because the New York Times is very trustworthy paper and it was written around the time of Felix Grucci Sr's death.


Terry, Megan. 2004. Fireworks. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street Press. http://www.aspresolver.com/aspresolver.asp?WODR;PL008356.
This source contains information about why people were so impressed by fireworks and how many countries wanted to get their hands on it. I took information about the different styles of fireworks each country uses. This source supports my thesis on the idea that fireworks is universal and it has been developed and changed from all over the world, This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is accurate, other websites have stated the same information as well.


Thompson, Jim, Robert Polito, and Michael J. McCauley. 1988. Fireworks: the lost writings of Jim Thompson. New York: D.I. Fine
This source contained information about the legend of Li TIan and how he used his pyrotechnic creation to ward off evil spirits and bring peace to those in China. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is relevant to my topic and i used the stories that were inside this book. This source extends my project thesis, because I never knew the "Father of Firecrackers" helped bring prosperity by warding off all the evil spirits in China. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible, this book talks about outside sources that they have used to back up their information.
United States Fire Administration. 2001. The dangers of fireworks. [Emmitsburg, Md.]: U.S. Fire Administration. http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS124516.
This source passes the CRAAP test, because its authority is from the United States Fire Administration, which they are strongly qualified in containing the history of fireworks. This source extends my project thesis, because I knew that the Chinese invented fireworks, but I didn't know that the creator of them, Li TIan, was driven to help the poor and less fortunate people with his efforts and by doing so, a temple was built in his honor and he is celebrated with gifts and fireworks annually on April 18

U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. 2009. Fireworks. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS119780FFF
This source contained information about the safety regulations of fireworks and how dangerous fireworks can be to the public. I pulled out information about the numbers from injuries and fires started because of fireworks. This source supports my thesis, because if fireworks are not treated with care and respected like the explosives they are, people will get hurt. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is reliable, the U.S. CPSC is responsible for the information and they have all the records and fireworks regulations.

Watkins, T. F., J. C. Cackett, and R. G. Hall. 1968. Chemical warfare, pyrotechnics and the fireworks industry. Oxford, New York: Pergamon Press.
This source contained information on Li Tian and how he was the beginning of the creation of fireworks. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible from the Boise State library and has strong sources to back it up. This source supports my project thesis as I knew that China used fireworks to solve problems physically rather than use them as just a celebration. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible, the book cites outside sources that helped back up their facts.

"Which Firework Is the Loudest?" Which Firework Is the Loudest? Accessed April 27, 2015. http://www.cockeyed.com/science/fireworks/which_fireworks_are_loudest.html.
This source contained information about which fireworks reach the highest decibel level. I pulled out information on the fireworks that were so loud they may cause physical pain. This supports my thesis, because fireworks are very powerful and their noise pollution could cause serious damage to older folks or people who cannot handle the noise level. This source passes the CRAAP test, because the people took pictures and showed their measurements exactly as they occurred in real time.

"25 Interesting Facts about Fireworks | Fireworks Blog." 25 Interesting Facts about Fireworks. Accessed April 26, 2015. http://www.thefireworksfirm.co.uk/25-interesting-facts-about-fireworks.php.
This source contained information about some fun facts one might not know about fireworks. I pulled out three or four fun facts such as who holds the record for largest firework display and what kind of common electricity can easily set off fireworks. This source supports my thesis, because fireworks are dangerous at all times and they can even be set off by someone wearing static on their clothes, not good. This source passes the CRAAP test, because it is credible, the author has sources at the bottom of the page to back up their interesting facts.
1
3.Lancaster, Ronald. 1972. Fireworks: principles and practice. New York: Chemical Pub. Co.
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4. Murray, Peter, and Linda Murray. 1963. The art of the Renaissance. New York: Praeger.
5. Murray, Peter, and Linda Murray. 1963. The art of the Renaissance. New York: Praeger.
5
buzzle.com
6. Murray, Peter, and Linda Murray. 1963. The art of the Renaissance. New York: Praeger.
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7. "Fireworks By Grucci." Fireworks By Grucci. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://www.grucci.com/home.html?pgid=1.
8. "Fireworks By Grucci." Fireworks By Grucci. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://www.grucci.com/home.html?pgid=1.
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9. Plimpton, George. 1984. Fireworks. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
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10. "Fireworks By Grucci." Fireworks By Grucci. Accessed April 29, 2015. http://www.grucci.com/home.html?pgid=1.
10
11
flickr.com
12. "How Products Are Made." How Fireworks Is Made. Accessed April 26, 2015. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Fireworks.html.
12
13
14
16
17
18. "Fireworks." Fireworks. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fire-causes/fireworks.
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19
youtube.com
leftbankartblog.blogspot.com
flickr.com
20. "Fireworks." Fireworks. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics/fire-causes/fireworks.
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21
All videos from YouTube.com
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