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Cloze Test Procedure
Transcript of Cloze Test Procedure
Cloze Test Procedures
Cloze Test Procedure
The Cloze test is a common empirical comprehension test. It works as follows:
1. Replace every Nth word in the text with blanks. A typical test uses N = 6, but you can make the test easier by using a higher N value.
2. Ask your test participants to read the modified text and fill in the blanks with their best guesses as to the missing words. Each person should work alone.
3. The score is the percentage of correctly guessed words. Because you're testing comprehension rather than spelling skills, synonyms and misspellings are allowed.
If users get 60% or more right on average, you can assume the text is reasonably comprehensible for the specified user profile employed to recruit test participants. There's a clear difference between readability scores and comprehension scores:
•Readability is a property of the text itself and predicts the education level typically needed for people to read the content without undue difficulty.
•Comprehension is a combined property of the text and a specific user segment and indicates whether this target audience actually understands the material's meaning.
In a cloze activity or assessment, students will need to make several substitutions. For instance, they may need to predict the word based on context clues. In “The boy throws the ball, and the dog _______ to get it,” students are expected to use their knowledge of the situation to predict that the dog “runs.” In some cloze sentences, one or more letters of the missing word may be included as a phonics clue for the reader. In “The girl hit the n________ with the hammer,” attaching the “n” to the blank can help students guess the correct word, “nail.” Students can also use vocabulary in the sentence to help them make predictions. In “The mother cat licked her _________,” if students recognize “mother” and “cat,” they will be more likely to suggest “kittens” to fill the blank.
A maze test is usually given to older elementary, middle school and high school students. It’s used to assess a reader’s comprehension skills. In a reading passage, the first sentence is left intact. Following that, every seventh word is omitted. For each of these, the student has the choice of three options: the correct word and two distracters. The wrong answers shouldn’t be very difficult to read, and they should be about the same length as the right response. The passages are usually short and can be completed in 1 to 3 minutes.
A maze passage could begin: “The sun is the center of our solar system. The closest planet to the sun (is/was/its) Mercury, and the farthest is Neptune. (Pluto/ Earth/Moon) is third in line, following Venus.” The maze procedure can be used several times a year to monitor student progress in reading comprehension. It's sometimes combined with an oral reading test that assesses how well students can decode words. It’s possible that readers can have a good understanding of phonics but don't comprehend the text because too much of their focus is on saying the words. If students continually choose correct answers on a maze test, the teacher can be reasonably certain they understand the passages. However, many mistakes indicate that the student is not focusing on comprehension and may be hung up on simply pronouncing words correctly.