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11 B Integrity & Values - Hunger Games
Transcript of 11 B Integrity & Values - Hunger Games
Living by our values
“Every person has free choice. Free to obey or disobey the natural laws. Your choices determine the consequences. No person ever did, or ever will, escape the consequences of their choices.” ~ Alfred A. Montapert
3 different degrees
of moral responsibility
1. degree of freedom
2. knowledge of right or wrong
3. intention or motivation
for Moral Choice
People are morally responsible their actions according to their degree of
FREEDOM, knowledge of RIGHT & WRONG and their INTENTION or MOTIVATION
2 Issues to discuss
living by values & making moral decisions = integrity
Being able to choose & act without the control of others. In the "Hunger Games" Katniss was externally restrained
What degree of moral responsibility did Katniss and Peta have?
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour. Exodus 20
There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil, a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers. Proverbs 6
Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who act faithfully are his delight. Proverbs 12
I am the Way, the Truth and the Life. John 14
And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free. John 8
Whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things. Philippians
Even if you are in a minority of one, the truth is still the truth. Mahatma Gandhi
“When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seem invincible but in the end, they always fall -- think of it, ALWAYS.” Mahatma Gandhi
QUESTION Is it acceptable to abandon your values completely even in a situation such as this?
Human rights example during WWII. On a global scale it can happen. Standing for ethical principles - Countries form an alliance to defeat a common enemy (ie: US and USSR).
Internal loss of principles: In the ghettos and camps of the holocaust certain Jews were given a whip and put in charge of their own people.
“Who is my neighbour?” - The parable of the “Good Samaritan” Luke 10
“When did we see you hungry, thirsty, etc?” – The parable of the “Sheep and Goats”. Matthew 25
“Do unto others…” – the Great Commandment Matthew 22
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for justice...” Beatitudes Matthew 5
Question: What does Jesus teach concerning treatment of others?
The teaching of Jesus regarding Social Justice
Question - How does the response of the “First World” mirror the Capitol in its response to the “Third World”?
Compare the decadence and contempt for human life displayed by the Capitol with the degradation and will to live displayed by the people of the Districts.
In the end, the decision to end their own lives rather than for one to die and the other to submit to the will of the Capitol.
The suicide pact between Katniss and Peeta brings the Games to a moving and shocking conclusion.
Ethical Principle 5
Caring for the Life & dignity of the human person
Is it OK to tell a lie to save a life?
Can you think of other occasions where telling a lie is justified?
Is it always right to tell the truth? During the Games a number of people tell lies in order to survive. Many people were forced to lie to survive during the holocaust. “Thou shalt not bear false witness” is one of the Ten Commandments.
Realising that he was in a position of influence he organised a group of musicians to record the single “Do they know it’s Christmas” which made some $16m. Not being fully satisfied and wanting to do more he organised the “Live Aid” event the following year which raised $300m. Geldof was later to work for the Commission for Africa and the relief of global debt.
On 23rd October 1984, the rock singer Bob Geldof was watching a report from BBC correspondent Michael Buerk about the famine in Ethiopia. Geldof was so moved by what he saw he wanted to do something in response.
Question – Can you think of any other examples of people making such sacrifices?
Pope John Paul II declares him a saint on 10th October 1982. Present in the congregation in Rome is Franciszek Gajowniczek
In July 1941 three prisoners escaped from Auchwitz. The Kommandant declared that ten men would be picked to pay for the escape by being slowly starved to death in the bunker. Franciszek Gajowniczek shouted “My wife, my child! I will never see them again.” A prisoner steps forward and declared that he will take the man’s place. Maximillian Kolbe is put to death being the last alive after two weeks in the bunker.
Katniss volunteers herself as Tribute in place of her younger sister who would face certain death if she were to go forward.
Many people have taken action for a cause knowing that it will lead to their death. The ultimate goal, however, is in most cases, to create a better life for others. There is a fine line in these cases between suicide and martyrdom. Whether or not Katniss was aware that she would become, alive or dead, the icon of resistance and revolution is not obvious until later.
Dutch Jews ready for “resettlement in the East”
One way to create a culture that categorize people into classes Is the example how during the Holocaust the Nazis created a system of subterfuge.
Words like Resettlement, Special Treatment, a Final Solution created cover for a programme of mass-murder.
The servants or slaves in Capital 12 and people brought from other districts. Often these 'servants' have their tongue removed to keep them silent and submissive
The poor or vulnerable do not have the same status in the Capital as the other and are treated differently
Ethical Principle 4
Option for the Poor & Vulnerable
We are to protect human rights... the right to live The example in the Hunger Games is that this basic right is taken away. In the arena a small group of Tributes create an alliance to hunt the other Tributes. Given the circumstances of the arena such a pragmatic approach may seem acceptable, after all, Katniss forms an alliance with Rue and Peeta in order to survive.
Ethical Principle 3
Human Rights and Responsibilities
The Capitol represents a TOTALITARIAN Government. It is no accident that there would be parallels between the Capitol and the regimes of Stalin, Mao, and particularly Hitler. Compare the lives of the citizens of Nazi Germany with the occupied countries around them in Poland, France, Holland, Norway, etc., or especially the “undesirables” (Jews, Gypsies, the handicapped, homosexuals).
Ethical Principle 2
Dignity of work and the rights of workers – Economic Justice
Some ethical principals issues raised by the film
THE HUNGER GAMES
Call to Family & Community
The Hunger Games takes place in a DYSTOPIAN society where the moral fabric which holds society together has become seriously warped.
The moral dilemmas put forward by the film are real and such moral breakdowns, or even worse, have happened before in recent history.
This prezi is designed to raise questions rather than provide answers.
“Let the one who would be a follower of mine take up his cross and follow me” Matthew 16
“Happy are those who are persecuted in the cause of right for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.” Matthew 5
“Greater love hath no-one than this – that they lay down their life for their friend” John 15
“He who finds his life shall lose it but he who loses his life for my sake shall find it.” Matthew 10
Question - What do these phrases mean?
Words of Jesus
concerning self sacrifice
What can you do?
Advice... “Speak the truth –
even if it leads to your death”
Godfrey de Bouillon –
Kingdom of Heaven
When does suicide become martyrdom?
Does becoming a martyr show lack of respect for human life?
Quotes to use in research
I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both you and your seed may live: Deuteronomy 30
Do to others whatever you would like them to do to you. This is the essence of all that is taught in the law and the prophets. Matthew 7
He who finds his life shall lose it but he who loses his life for my sake shall find it. Matthew 10
The deepest element of God’s commandment to protect human life is the requirement to show reverence and love for every person and the life of every person. Pope John Paul II
"When human life is considered 'cheap' or easily expendable in one area, eventually nothing is held as sacred and all lives are in jeopardy.” Cardinal Bernadin
The Church calls on all people of good will to make moral choices to reject the climate of profound and growing disrespect for human life. NZ Bishops
QUESTION Where, in the world of today, do you see a profound and growing disrespect for human life?
Living with Integrity
In the Hunger Games: people are forced to live in Districts - which outlines the type of work and status they are allowed.