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On Summer reading
Transcript of On Summer reading
Nov. 26, 2012 On Summer by Lorraine Hansberry Nonfiction: Persuasive essay A Persuasive essay presents a position on an issue, urges readers
to accept that position, and may encourage a specific action.
An effective persuasive essay: 1. Think of something you either
loved or hated as a child.
2. Mention your favorite season of the year.
The Great Migration
Connecting to the story Reading skill: Main idea An author’s style is his or her unique way of writing. Style includes every feature of a writer’s use of language. Some elements that contribute to an author’s style are:
Diction: the kinds of words the author uses
Syntax: the arrangement of words in sentences
Tone: the author’s attitude toward his or her audience or subject Literary Analysis: Author's style A writer’s diction and syntax might be described as formal or informal, technical or ordinary, sophisticated or down-to-earth. A writer’s tone might be described as serious or playful, friendly or distant, sympathetic or scathing. Explores an issue of importance to the writer
Addresses an issue that is arguable
Uses facts, examples, statistics, or personal experiences to support a position
Tries to influence the audience through appeals to the reader's knowledge, experiences, or emotions
Uses clear organization to present a logical argument Reading assignment Forms of persuasion include: Read SILENTLY PAGES 456-460
After reading, copy and answer the questions in the border of the pages:
Literary analysis: Style (4 questions)
Author's point of view (1 question)
Critical Viewing (1 question)
Reading check (2 questions)
Reading skill:Main Idea (1 question)
PAGE 461 (AFTER YOU READ) COPY AND ANSWER:
Literary analysis: Author's style
Reading skill: Main idea Worksheet page: Style DIRECTIONS: Consider the diction and syntax in the italicized passages from “On Summer” in the left-hand column below. Then write notes or a sentence in the right-hand column to describe the tone produced by these features of Hansberry’s style. editorials
debates Voice: a writer's distinctive "sound" or way of "speaking on the page.
Elements used: word choice, sentence structure, or tone. Worksheet page:Reading: Generate Prior Questions to Identify Main Idea and Details
A. DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions to guide your reading of “On Summer.”
1. The word on, meaning “concerning” or “about,” has been used in the titles of many essays.What expectations does Hansberry’s title create in you, the reader?
2. In her first sentence, Hansberry declares, “It has taken me a good number of years to come
to any measure of respect for summer.” What does this opening sentence lead you to expect
about the structure of Hansberry’s essay?
3. A crucial fact about Hansberry’s own life was her struggle against cancer and her premature death from the disease at age thirty-four. How do you think this biographical fact
might affect the writer’s attitude toward the seasons and the passage of time?
B. DIRECTIONS: In an essay about summer, what kind of main idea might you expect? What
sorts of supporting details might you find in such an essay? Support your answer with
examples from your own experience or from your reading. Nonfiction Items Types of articles:
1. News articles: provide facts about current events. These articles use the 5w questions(Who?What?When?Where?Why) and are written from an objective, or neutral, point of view.
2. Feature articles: provide facts about topics of current interest such as fashion trends or development in science. These articles are written in a friendly, conversational style. Nonfiction items Types of speeches 1. Speech of public advocacy:a formal, prepared speech intended to persuade an audience to take action.
Example: an argumentative speech about a problem in the community
Delivered by: a citizen Occasion:a city council meeting, and Audience:the city council.
2. Talk: informal speech presented in a conversational style.
Example:a report on science fair. Delivered by:a student, Occasion: science club meeting, and Audience: members of the club.
3.Impromptu speech: speech presented with little or no preparation, often in a conversational style.
Example:speech of celebration. Delivered by: subject's friend, Occasion: birthday party, and Audience:person whose birthday is celebrated and the people in the party. The main idea is the central message, insight, or opinion in a work of nonfiction.
Supporting details are the pieces of evidence that a writer uses to prove the main idea.
To identify the main idea and supporting details in a work, generate questions prior to reading. Before you read, you can ask yourself questions such as:
Why did the author choose this title?
• How might events in the author’s life influence his or her attitude toward the subject?
As you read, look for details that answer those questions and point to the main idea. Vocabulary 5.features [FEE chuhrz] n. important or interesting parts
The wireless keyboard is one of the computer’s best features.
6.originally [uh RIJ uh nuh lee] adv. at first; in the beginning
I originally planned to stay late, but now I may have to leave early.
7.radical [RAD i kuhl] adj. extreme
The book proposed a radical way of thinking.
8.traditional [truh DISH uh nuhl] adj. customary; usual
The whole family gathered to enjoy a traditional Thanksgiving dinner. 1.bias [BY us] n. an opinion about something that affects how you deal with it.
Her wardrobe showed her bias for brightly colored clothing.
2.commitment [kuh MIT muhnt] n. promise to support or do something
I made a commitment to complete the project, and I will not quit now.
3.courageous [kuh RAY juhs] adj. brave when in the face of danger
The courageous firefighters battled the blaze.
4.delightfully [di LYT fuh lee] adv. pleasingly; enjoyably
Her sense of humor was delightfully original.