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AP World History Period 5

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on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of AP World History Period 5

Works Cited
"1905: The Russian Revolution." 1905: The Russian Revolution. Web. 26 May 2014.
"AP World History Period 5 Charts." Loudoun County Public Schools / Overview. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Facts about American Revolution." Fast Facts. Web. 23 May 2014.
"Facts about American Revolution." Fast Facts. Web. 23 May 2014.
"History of Simon Bolivar." History of Simon Bolivar. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Karl Marx, 1818-1883." Karl Marx, 1818-1883. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Opium Wars." History Curriculum Homeschool. Web. 23 May 2014.
"Opium Wars." History Curriculum Homeschool. Web. 23 May 2014.
"Really a Revolution? Video." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Timeline of the Life of Charles Robert Darwin: Darwin Online." Timeline of the Life of Charles Robert Darwin: Darwin Online. Web. 25 May 2014.
Peter the Great
American Revolution
The American Revolution began in 1763 when British leaders began to tighten imperial reigns. The Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshed Act caused resistance from the colonists. The first battles of the American Revolution were fought at Lexington and Concord, marking the beginnings of armed conflict between Great Britain and America. On July 4, 1776 the United States declared independence from Great Britain. After a long and violent war, Great Britain and the United States signed a peace treaty on September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.

The Revolution of 1905
The revolt started on January 22 when a peaceful, mildly reformist, protest march in St. Petersburg was shoot at by troops with more than 1,000 killed or injured. This day became known as "Bloody Sunday." Rather than squelch the protests, the repression fanned the flames of rebellion. All across Russia, different sections of the people moved into active protest. The peasants and workers joined with the middle classes, intelligentsia and (minority) national groups (i.e. Georgians, Ukrainians etc) against the absolutism and oppression of the Tsarist monarchy. Each group had different aims, however, and the two forces which played the leading part in the revolution were the workers and peasants, who raised economic and political demands while the better-off middle-classes sought mostly the latter.

Spanish American War
On April 21, 1898, the United States declared war against Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in the Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. The U.S. also supported the ongoing struggle of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines for independence against Spanish rule. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. The war established the independence of Cuba, ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and allowed the US to purchase the Philippines Islands from Spain for $20 million. The war cost the United States $250 million and 3,000 lives.

Taiping Rebellion
The Taiping Rebellion was a massive civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, against the ruling Manchu-led Qing Dynasty. It was a millenarian movement led by Hong Xiuquan, who announced that he had received visions in which he learned that he was the younger brother of Jesus. The Taipings took their beliefs from many different sources. Some of these beliefs reflected traditional Confucianism and some were from ancient writings that described ideal systems that had never been practiced. Other ideas were Western in origin. Clearly this blend of ideas was very powerful. Because they introduced ideas never discussed before, the Taipings could promise their followers a totally new system. The Taiping Rebellion weakened the Qing Dynasty to the point where it collapsed completely and never regained control of China.

AP World History Period 5
Brysan Turbeville
Kayla Shine
Ella Clayton
Nicole Lawson
Carrigan Mattison

Karl Marx
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin was a english naturalist and geologist best know for his contributions to evolutionary theory. Darwin was born on February 12th 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. Darwin's early interest in nature led him to neglect his medical education at the University of Edinburgh; instead, he helped to investigate marine invertebrates. Studies at the University of Cambridge encouraged his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin began detailed investigations and in 1838 conceived his theory of natural selection. Darwin's work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.

Karl Heinrich Marx born on may 5th 1818 was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital. Born into a wealthy middle-class family in Trier in the Prussian Rhineland, Marx studied at the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. Began to work out his theory of dialectical materialism. He moved to Paris in 1843. In 1849 he was exiled and moved to London together with his wife and children where he continued writing and formulating his theories about social and economic activity.
Simon Bolivar
Simon Jose Antonio de la Santisma Trinidad Bolivar y Palacios was born on July 24, 1783 in Caracas, New Granada. Bolivar was born into a prosperous family, who took their money from rich gold and copper mines they owned in Venezuela. Bolivar was a South American soldier who was instrumental in the revolutions against the Spanish empire. Born into a wealth, Bolivar was sent to Spain for his education, soon deciding to immerse himself in the political sphere in Europe. After France invaded Spain in 1808, he became involved in the resistance movement and played a key role in the Spanish American fight for independence.
Miguel Hildalgo
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican Catholic priest. On September 16, 1810, Father Hidalgo rang the church bell to announce revolution against the Spanish. Indians and mestizos marched with Hidalgo and captured major cities but were halted at the gates of the capital. Hidalgo fled north but was caught and shot in 1811. The anniversary of his call is celebrated as Mexico's Independence Day.
Peter the Great, born June 9th 1672 In numerous successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a huge empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented, and rationalist system
Opium War
The Opium War began when China attempted to oppress the opium trade. British traders had been illegally exporting opium to China, and the resulting widespread addiction was causing social and economic disruption in the country. Opium was the most important trading product with China precisely because it was illegal and carried on largely by smugglers. The first Opium war was dated from 1840-1842. The Second Opium War was dated from 1856-1860. The end result of this war was the Britain being victorious in battle and Opium was finally legalized.
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