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7 Elements Of Culture

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Julia Russo

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of 7 Elements Of Culture

7 Elements Of Culture
Social Organization
Allows people to work together to meet their basic needs.
A. Family- most important unit of social organization.
B. Social Classes- may be based on money, occupation, education, ancestry, etc. In most societies, people have the ability to move up and/or down the ladder.
Customs and Traditions
Rules of behavior that are taught and govern how people act. Ideas of right and wrong are taught to children.
Language
One of the most important aspects of culture. It reflects a culture's identity.
Arts and Literature
Products of the human imagination. Art, music, and literature both entertain and teach people. Includes folk tales and other stories taught to children to teach them about their culture.
Religion
Helps people answer basic questions about the purpose and meaning of life. The major religions are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
-Monotheism- the belief in one god
-Polynesian- the belief in more than one god
Atheism- no belief in any higher power
Forms of Government
These provide for common needs.
Types of government today:
A. Democracy- the people have supreme power. Goverment can only act with the consent of the people.
B. Republic- the people choose leaders who represent them.
C. Dictatorship- a ruler or group holds power by force
Economic Systems
How people use their limited resources to satisfy their needs and wants.
A. Traditional economy- barter economy. People produce most of what they need to survive. People trade their surplus.
B. Market economy- supply and demand determines prices and the amount produced. People are free to use their resources to meet their needs and wants.
C. Command economy- the government controls what and how much is produced (communism)
D. Mixed economy- individuals and government make economis decisions. A combination of market and command economy.
All the things that make up a people's way of life
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