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Photographic Composition

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by

Stacey Freier

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Photographic Composition

Photographic Composition
Dynamic Angles
Rule Of 3rds
Dynamic Angles
Also called "Birds Eye" & "Worms eye" and "points of View" These angles are used to add interest or emphasis to a photograph
Worms Eye View
-Low camera angles can add emphasis and interest to many ordinary photographs. A low viewpoint can be used to distort scale or add strength to a picture or to emphasize certain elements within the picture.
Rule of thirds
The rule of thirds is one of the main “rules” in art and photographic composition and stems from the theory that the human eye naturally gravitates to intersection points that occur when an image is split into thirds.
Vertical Rule of 3rd
Horizontal 3rd
Interesting Texture
Incorporating interesting texture into photo's adds drama, making them more interesting. It also creates the illusion of 3 dimensionality on a 2 dimensional surface.
Interesting Texture
Leading Lines
Lines have many uses in a photograph. They can divide, unify, or accent certain parts of a composition. Lines lead the eye into a scene. Leading lines are most effective when there is some relation between line and subject, such as winding stone steps leading to a castle door. The three most used types of line are Diagonal, Repetitive and S curves.
Diagonal Lines
Of all the lines used in photography diagonals are the most dynamic. You can use them to create a strong impression of movement or you can use them to create a tremendous sense of depth.
Repetitive Line or Shape
Birds Eye View
_ High camera angles can make the subject in a photo more dynamic. This view shows a scene or subject from directly overhead, a very unnatural and strange angle.
Shadows/values are
necessary when
capturing textures.
In the rule of thirds, photos are divided
into thirds with two imaginary lines
vertically and two lines horizontally
making three columns, three rows,
and nine sections in the images.
Important compositional elements and
leading lines are placed on or near the
imaginary lines and where the lines intersect.
An image comprised entirely of lines or shapes arranged in a pattern can be powerful and high-impact. Because of the repetition of repetitive lines, the eye travels in a predictable way that is natural and comfortable. Repetitive lines can go a long way to help create a sense of rhythm and movement.
Object in 3rd
S Curve
Painters discovered that the inclusion of an s-shaped curve in their composition added a sense of movement to an otherwise static image. The s-shape is aesthetically pleasing and is capable of standing on its own in an image. Curving lines are easy to look at.
Still Life
Still life photography is the depiction of inanimate subject matter, most typically a small grouping of objects. Still life photography, more so than other types of photography, such as landscape or portraiture, gives the photographer more leeway in the arrangement of design elements within a composition
Simplicity
The photographer works to simplify the composition by assuring that nothing in the viewfinder competes or distracts from the subject. He looks to see that nothing in the photograph weakens the theme and the background does not distract from the subject but adds to the composition. He simplifies the composition.
Leading Lines
Filling a Third
You can also use the Rule of 3rd to fill a 1/3 or 2/3rds of the view finder with your subject. Can be done horizontally or vertically
Framing
Framing is the technique of drawing attention to the subject of your image by blocking other parts of the image with something in the scene. Framing can give your photos a sense of depth and layers (fore, middle and background). it also leads your eye to the subject and it can be intriguing to the viewer.
Avoid Mergers
Three types of distracting mergers to avoid are:
*Where an important part of the photo or subject is cut off by the edge of the photograph.
*Where an object in the foreground or background is extremely distracting.
*Where a color in the subject blends in with a color in the background and becomes distracting to the viewer.
Back light
Where the light comes from behind the subject - often a silhouette
Sidelight
Strong directional light from the side - often taken at dawn or dusk when the sun is low in the sky, or by a window.
Environmental Portrait
A portrait executed in the subject's usual environment, such as in their home or workplace, and typically illuminates the subject's life and surroundings. Generally taken in a situation or pose that tells a story about the subject
Rembrandt Lighting
A portrait of a person in a 3/4 view where the short side of the face is lit, and the long side is in shadow
Often has a triangle under long side eye
Broad Lighting
A portrait of a person in a 3/4 view where the long side of the face is lit, and the short side is in shadow
Butterfly Lighting (also called loop or glamour)
A portrait of a person in a full view where the face is lit from above, creati a shadow under the nose, often in the shape of a butterfly. The most flattering type of portrait lighting
Low Lighting
A portrait where the light comes from below. not always flattering to the subject
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