Transcript of Propaganda of the Red Scare
Posters The use of posters was probably the most common use of propaganda throughout America. Notice how some of them have a representation of destruction and despair to America. Speeches by Joanna Matei and Aaron Zahn Many speeches got the American people scared and paranoid of a communist threat. Most of these speeches were made by Joseph McCarthy. In order to fully understand the propaganda that was used on the American people in the 1940's and 1950's, we must fully understand the different types of propaganda, the objective of propaganda, and the usual outcomes of propaganda. Cartoons Anti-communist cartoons ranged from children's comic books to political cartoons from newspapers. Not only did this get the adults attention on communists, but also taught children that communism is bad. Uncover some materials from the 1940's and 1950's that use propaganda to rally citizens against the treat of communism. Discuss how this propaganda was used and how it might have influenced ordinary citizens in that time. Objective: As defined by dictionary.com, propaganda is " Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc." Throughout "The Crucible", people are getting accused of being witches. During the Red Scare, people were accusing others of communism by the hundreds. 7 Different Types of Propaganda 1. APPEAL TO AUTHORITY: This type of propaganda appeals to authority figures to support a position, idea, argument, or course of action. 2. GLITTERING GENERALITIES: Here, a generally accepted moral is usually used to stir up favorable emotions. Some words have different meanings to some people; this is used towards the advantage of the person issuing the propaganda. The words are most often used in a positive sense. = 3. BANDWAGON: The basic idea behind the bandwagon approach is "everyone's doing it." The bandwagon approach appeals to the conformist in all of us: No one wants to be left out of what is perceived to be a popular trend. 4. TESTIMONIAL: This is the endorsement of a philosophy, movement or candidate. While celebrities are usually used, it can be people who supposedly "know" about the topic or situation. 5. PLAIN FOLKS: Here the candidate or cause is associated with common people from everyday walks of life. The idea is to make the candidate/cause come off as grassroots, all-American, for the common man. 6. TRANSFER: Transfer has the use of symbols, quotes or the images of famous people to convey a message not necessarily associated with them. In the use of transfer, the posters attempt to persuade us through the indirect use of something we respect, such as a patriotic or religious image, to promote specific ideas. 7. FEAR: This technique is very popular during wartime. The idea is to present a dreaded circumstance and usually follow it up with the kind of behavior needed to avoid that horrible event. What is Propaganda? Propaganda of the 1940's and 1950's: Full transcript
The Second Red Scare In the 1950's, there was an event in our history which scared the whole nation. This event was called the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was called that because "Red" was referring to communism. The American people were frightened that communism would make it's way into the peaceful neighborhoods of America. This fright, or fear, gave way for multiple propaganda ads. The Communistic fear Propaganda was used in the Crucible to make the villagers believe they have been touched by the devil. Abby started the trend, she used the bandwagon method to get her friends to join her. Then, when matters became serious and people we actually being hung for being "witches," the fear method of propaganda was used to make everyone confess to their dealings with the devil. In reality, none of the villagers were actually witches or had any dealings with the Devil, but because they were frighten, scared for thei lives, they admitted to being withes. The judge used the fear method to make people confess. He would remind the person(s) that if they did not confess they would be hung. The propaganda used in the 1940's and 1950's relates to the crucible because the method of fear was very heavily used. References "Propaganda." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
"Title: Persuasion Quest." DEFINITIONS. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
"Red Scare -- Again." Red Scare -- Again. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
"Propaganda-Pravda: Paranoid Propaganda from the America of the 1950s." Propaganda-Pravda: Paranoid Propaganda from the America of the 1950s. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.