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Integrated Livelihoods Prezi

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Save the Children UK

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Integrated Livelihoods Prezi

Define the livelihoods lens to integrated programming and its importance for children
Introduce the Household Economy Approach to livelihoods analysis and its application to other sectors
Identify ways of applying the livelihoods lens to programme design across sectors
The sustainable livelihoods pentagon represents the 5 livelihoods assets
Each of these 5 assets link to vital outcomes for children
Adequate SHELTER (necessary for maintaining good health, WASH, and performance in education)
Productive environment and access to land, for example (may support adequate NUTRITION, WASH, and SHELTER)
Community cohesion and social protection models in support of CHILD PROTECTION
Knowledge and skills through EDUCATION, and in support of HEALTH outcomes
Stable income across seasons and savings (which allow households to access adequate goods/services throughout the year in support of ALL SECTORS)
These assets all complement each other, but can also be eroded, particularly in emergencies and following emergencies when support is inadequate, inappropriate, or not quick enough, as we saw with the example of Nabila’s family
This is an essential framework for understanding livelihoods
The HEA helps predict the impacts of shocks on local livelihoods and the coping strategies households will use
The HEA disaggregates households by wealth group, and records all household:
Sources of food
These indicate that a household is meeting its full survival and livelihoods protection needs, as represented by Nabila’s full bucket
The Survival Threshold represents 100% of minimum food energy needs (2100 kcal pp), and associated costs
The Livelihoods Threshold represents the total income required to sustain local livelihood and maintain a minimum locally-acceptable living standard which ensures outcomes for children

The Survival Threshold represents 100% of minimum food energy needs (2100 kcal pp), and associated costs
We can capture different sector needs in the survival and livelihoods protection thresholds, but these will vary by context depending on household vulnerability and assets, and structures and processes within the environment
How people access
and sell commodities
and services; and how
people sell their labour
These are 3 components of livelihoods analysis, all of which are influenced by seasonality, manifested through:
Production cycles and availability of labour opportunities
Price fluctuations
Seasonally-specific expenditure
Cyclical weather patterns and associated shocks
Is water purchased? How much is spent on water for humans and for cattle?
What is the cost of rent; which households own houses and land?
How many children are going to school? Which age groups? Which gender? How much is spent on school-related expenditure? When might parents remove their children from education?
Which households can access a nutritious diet? At what times of year?
(If analysed alongside the Cost of Diet!)

How much is spent on healthcare? Who has access to healthcare?
When will households resort to child labour? Which type of households? What child-related coping strategies do households employ in an emergency?
Geographically (through the livelihood zones)
Demographically: which wealth groups and which household members affected by the shock? Are different household members affected in different ways?
Understanding household prioritisation of expenditure
Estimating need
(using wealth group data)
Understanding which goods and services households produce, or purchase, and what they stop purchasing when a shock occurs

What activities will the household be engaged in how will this affect the effectiveness of your intervention?

What is the duration of support needed?

What other forms of assistance being provided?

How can responses be sequenced to adapt to livelihoods patterns?

The impact of a shock on livelihoods and other sector outcomes will differ in rapid and slow onset emergencies

The livelihoods lens programme design tool provides:
Step by step guidance for considering livelihoods analysis in the design of your sectoral response

Specific guidance for rapid and slow onset emergencies
Real examples of programme design with a livelihoods lens
The Household Economy Approach allows us better understand multi-sectoral needs & coping strategies, income and expenditure patterns, seasonality, and prioritisation
The HEA can be adapted to better reflect different sectoral needs
and behaviours
Target and design appropriate sectoral and integrated interventions, that are timely and appropriate

Provide appropriate economic programming earlier in responses and avoid negative outcomes for children

Plan how to prioritise different sectors ahead of a crisis
Incomplete recovery from shocks can have an impact on children and their families over time (such as increasing debt, continued asset depletion, child labour, education and attendance, and access to healthcare)
Full transcript