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Welcome to the 1920s
Transcript of Welcome to the 1920s
The 1920s marked a decade of extreme changes that transformed America in four areas:
The Lifestyle for many
They are becoming more independent from their families
Social Changes: Prohibition
The 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act started Prohibition, which made it illegal to make or buy alcohol.
Many Americans still wanted to drink.
'Speakeasies' become popular
Welcome to the 1920s
More women joined the workforce
Women first voted for President in 1920 because of the 19th Amendment
There are various clothing styles that emerge
Short hair, short dresses and make-up become popular
They were called
It fell to the criminals to supply the demand
Organized crime grew
Political Changes: The Formation of the ACLU
American Civil Liberties Union
was founded in the 1920s by Roger Baldwin
It was during the Palmer Raids
They wanted the protection of the Constitution for everyone
"Free Speech" was a major issue
they fought the relocation of the Japanese-Americans
They also fought segregation in public schools
The Group was very controversial
They argued for the right to protest by burning the American flag
They even fought for the right for Nazis to march openly in America
Their interest was not about being 'right' or 'wrong' but 'legal' or 'illegal'.
Political Changes: The NAACP
African-Americans had an organization to help themselves
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in 1909.
W.E.B. Dubois is one of its founders
Political Changes: The Anti-Defamation League
The Anti-Defamation League was founded in 1913
To 'defame' is to bring disgrace to them. It means to malign (ruin) a person or groups' character with words or images.
It was created 'to stop all the defamation of the Jewish people and to secure justice and fair treatment to all'.
Artistic Changes: The "Lost Generation"
After WWI, there were authors and artists who were disillusioned (disappointment, without much hope) with the American Dream.
Called the 'Lost Generation', many moved to Europe
They lived a bohemian ('eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die') lifestyle.
Some famous writers are:
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Artistic Changes: The Movies
Beautiful movie houses drew huge audiences
Movie 'stars' became popular
Films were first silent
Sound was added in the 1920s
The first sound movie (or 'talkie') was The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson.
Movies and Radio contributed to the standardization of American life.
Lifestyle Changes: Sports
Sports became big business
Baseball was the most popular
College football and pro boxing were big as well
New sports stars emerged:
Babe Ruth Jack Dempsey
Lifestyle Changes: Consumers
Factories produced goods to increase the happiness and convenience of their customers
Advertising created demand...
Catalog sales expanded
Cellophane helped to sell items because you could see it before you bought it.
Lifestyle Changes: Transportation
Americans fell in love with automobiles
Making cars created lots of jobs
People began moving from the cities to the suburbs
Airflight attracted attention
Charles Lindbergh flew solo across the Atlantic in 1927