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Subcultural Theory part 2

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Mitch Medz

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Subcultural Theory part 2

UTILIZATION OF SUBCULTURE THEORY OF AGING IN DEALING WITH THE LOSS OF STATUS IN RETIRED ELDERLY: A TOPIC FOR SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH APPLICATION Old age is considered by many to begin at retirement (Lovekar, n.d.). According to Wetle (2008), when people leave the workforce permanently, they lose one of the most obvious ways to measure their place in society. Whether retirement is viewed as a positive or negative event often depends on the reasons for retiring Retirement is not just a cessation of employment, but it is also a social change, a status change and a standard of life change. Retirement usually results in the giving up of a major life structure, one that provides social status focus, purpose and economic resources. The potential loss of daily stimulation can lead to problems in social and cognitive functioning. Social identity can also be threatened as one’s social status is closely linked to occupational attainment (Lovekar, n.d.) Loss of Status Marked change in
Self-Conception Positive affinity of
members and
Rejection by
younger age group Elderly becomes less
integrated
into the larger society Development of
Aged Subculture Interacted with fellow elderly more than other age groups Aging Group
Consciousness Conceptual Framework Assessment. With the use of Health and Retirement Study (HRS) questionnaires, we could assess the satisfaction of the elderly on their retirement (Rohwedder, 2006). This is to determine the degree of the client’s satisfaction in regards to retirement and to assess if the client experiences loss of status due to retirement Diagnosis. The nursing diagnosis is the nurse’s clinical judgment about the client’s response to actual or potential health conditions or needs. The focus of the nurse is to identify the actual/ potential problems brought about by the loss of status of the client and to identify the contributing factors that aggravate the client’s condition. Planning. Utilizing the subcultural theory of aging, the nurse needs to create outcomes based on the client’s social and psychological changes. The nurse’s main outcome is to develop an aging group consciousness which is to change the negative self-conception of the client regarding to the loss of status and to improve the self-image of the elderly. Implementation. Aging group consciousness can be achieved by creating a recreational or other expressive association in which they can interact almost exclusively with persons of similar age. The next phase is to encourage the retired elderly to talk over their common problems in a constructive way not only with reference to themselves as individuals but as a social group. Further, they have to begin taking social actions to correct the situation. Evaluation. In the subcultural theory of aging, nursing interventions are evaluated by determining if the client develops an aging group consciousness and if there is a change in the negative self-conception of the client. “What makes old age hard to bear is not the failing of one's faculties, mental and physical, but the burden of one's memories” Michael Jude D. Medalla ASSESSMENT TOOL

HRS questionnaire and the exact wording goes as follows:

Retirement satisfaction:

• All in all, would you say that your retirement has turned out to be very satisfying, moderately satisfying, or not at all satisfying?

Retirement years compared to pre-retirement years:

• Thinking about your retirement years compared to the years just before you

retired, would you say the retirement years have been better, about the same, or

not as good?

Worried about not having enough income to get by [in retirement]:

Now for things that some people say are bad about retirement.

• Please tell me if, during your retirement, they have bothered you a lot, somewhat, a little, or not at all.
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