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The Aeneid: Aeneas Journey Through the Underworld

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Jordan Sanders

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of The Aeneid: Aeneas Journey Through the Underworld

The Aeneid: Aeneas Journey Through the Underworld
Phlegethon
Cocytus
Styx
MARSH
ARCHER0N
STYX
LETHE
ERIDANUS
PHLEGETHON
The Great Elm
Where false dreams cling

Aeneas carrying Golden Bough
into underworld guided by the Sibyl Deiphobe

Guard dog of the Underworld
Deiphobe throws "honey cakes" to the guard dog which are actually "soporific" cakes which are sleep inducing.
Cerberus
Charon "The Ferryman"
Charon at first resists taking Aeneas since other heroes have come to the Underworld to steal but the Sibyl explains that Aeneas is different. She says that Aeneas comes to meet his father and he has the golden bough. Charon immediately consents.


Hall of Dis
They come first to the region before the entrance of the underworld known as the Hall of Dis (Pluto) where the shapes of all the evils that haunt humanity dwell, and the empty shadows of monsters of all kinds.
It was believed to be a branch of the underworld river.
Aeneas and Sibyl come to the banks of the River Styx, where a crowd of souls has assembled, waiting to be ferried across by Charon, the boatman of the underworld.


The river of Fire, while Aeneas was there he looks back, and under a cliff on the left sees a broad castle, girt with triple wall and encircled with a rushing flood of torrent flames, that rolls along thundering rocks. In front stands a huge gate, and pillars of solid adamant, that no might of man, not even the sons of heaven, there stands an iron high tower, and Tisiphone sitting girt with bloody pall, keeps sleepless watch over the portal night and day.

The name means "river of lamentation." The unburied were doomed to wander about its banks for hundred years.
The river of Fire, while Aeneas was there he looks back, and under a cliff on the left sees a broad castle, girt with triple wall and encircled with a rushing flood of torrent flames, that rolls along thundering rocks. In front stands a huge gate, and pillars of solid adamant, that no might of man, not even the sons of heaven, there stands an iron high tower, and Tisiphone sitting girt with bloody pall, keeps sleepless watch over the portal night and day.

River of forgetfulness, Anchises says that these are souls waiting to be reborn. They are drinking from the River Lethe, whose waters will wipe clean their memory of their previous lives.

Key:

Path taken by Aeneas
Those who have died from the pains of love wander in misery go here
Aeneas sees Dido, and he weeps to learn what became of her. Dido's shade refuses to hear his entreaties, and she flees into the woods in a rage to reunite with Sychaeus, her dead husband.
The Mourning Plains
Asphodel Fields
The Asphodel Meadows was a place for ordinary or indifferent souls who did not commit any significant crimes, but who also did not achieve any greatness or recognition that would warrant them being admitted to the Elysian Fields. It was where mortals who did not belong anywhere else in the Underworld were sent
Tisiphone
Rhadamanthus
Judge and ruler of Tartarus
Torture Mistress
surrounded by the flaming river Phlegethon and triple walls to prevent sinners from escaping from it. Inside, there is a castle with wide walls, and a tall iron turret. There is a pit inside which is said to extend down into the earth twice as far as the distance from the lands of the living to Olympus. At the bottom of this pit lie the Titans, the twin sons of Aloeus, and many other sinners.
Some say that the soul receives judgement in the meadow (the Plain of Judgement) at the dividing of the road, whence are the two ways leading, one to the Isles of the Blest (or Elysium), and the other to Tartarus.
The Plain of Judgement
Palace of Pluto and Persephone
Then they come to the gates of the palace of Pluto and Persephone and lay the golden bough there.
Elysian Fields
The Gate of Ivory
Through the Gate of Ivory, false dreams rise up to Earth.
Anchises sends Aeneas and the Sibyl back to the overworld by the Gate of Ivory.
The greatest and best warriors enjoy what they loved on earth, and there those rejoice who suffered for their homelands, served well as priests, were pious poets, or in other ways made human life better

Avernus Lake
Aornus
Allows access to the underworld
"A place of no birds"

Flows into Aornus (cave to underworld)
Golden Bough
First he must find a golden bough that is hidden in the forest; if the Fates really have ordained his descent, he will be able to pluck it. Also he has a dead friend who must be buried first.
Aeneas returns to the beach and finds one of his comrades dead.
While the others are burying him, Aeneas is led by his mother's doves to the golden bough, whose rich but lifeless leaves stand out against the green leaves of its tree. Aeneas breaks it and carries it to the Sibyl.

Tartarus
The "Hell Like" part of the Underworld
Gate of Horn
Through the Gate of Horn true shades rise up to earth
Unburied Souls
Fire along
(orange also used to represent fire)
Palace of Pluto and Persephone
Blue= water
Hydra has its lair inside Tartarus
Sits at the top of the tower
Aeneas sees Phaedra and Procris and then Eriphyle in tears as she displayed the wounds her cruel son had given her. Here he saw Evadne and Pasiphae with Laodamia walking by their side and Caeneus once a young man, but now a woman restored by destiny to her former shape

Aeneas finds his father in the Elysian Fields. Here he leanrs about the Lethe River and finds a way out of the underworld.
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