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Civics and Economics Chapter 1 Lesson 3
Transcript of Civics and Economics Chapter 1 Lesson 3
Civics and Economics Chapter 1
"All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside..."
- 14th Amendment to the Constitution
-The 14th Amendment of the Constitution defines citizenship in the United States
- Before this amendment was added, there was no official definition of what it means to be a citizen of the United States
Duties of Citizens
- Citizens must perform certain duties in order for the government to work well
- Duties are actions required by law
1. Obey the laws: Help society run in an orderly way
2. Pay taxes: Taxes pay for operation of the government
3. Defend the nation: Men are required to sign up with the Selective Service when
they turn 18
4. Serve on a jury or as a witness in court: People accused have a right to a trial by jury, and adult citizens who receive a notice must serve
Citizens of the United States have responsibilities
-Voluntary actions not required by law but contribute to the common good
1. Register to Vote: the main way citizens express their views to the government
2. Hold elective office: In charge of decision making for those who you represent
3. Serve in appointed positions: Doing important work that benefits the community
4. Take part in political campaigns: Assist at a local campaign office
5. Stay Informed: Current Events
Ticket Out Of The Door!
1. How can an individual become a citizen of the United States?
2. Which amendment gives the official definition of citizenship?
3. Name at least one duty and one responsibility of all U.S. citizens
Standards and Objectives
VA Standards of Learning
CE. 3a- The student will describe the process by which an individual becomes a citizen of the United States
CE. 3c- The student will describe the duties of citizenship, including obeying the laws, paying taxes, defending the nation, and serving in court
CE. 3d- The student will examine the responsibilities of citizenship, including registering and voting, communicating with government officials, participating in political campaigns, keeping informed about current issues, and respecting differing opinions in a diverse society
1. Explain how an individual becomes a citizen of the United States
2. Understand the definition of citizenship as stated in the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
3. Name at least three duties and three responsibilities of citizens
Duty or Responsibility?
- You were born in the United States even if your parents were not citizens
- At least one of your parents was a citizen at the time of your birth, even if you were born outside of the United States
Becoming a Citizen of the United States
- Four steps
3. Court Hearing
- Citizenship Court
-Loyalty oath to the United States
=Welcome to America!
Requirements to becoming naturalized
- Must be age 18 or older
- Legal resident in the United States for at least 5 years
- Good moral character (no criminal convictions)
- Loyalty to the principals of the Constitution
- Ability to read, speak, and write words in English
- Knowledge of government and history of the Untied States
*Respect the rights of others!*
Play the game Duty or Responsibility
- Graphic Organizer on examples of responsibilities
4. Political Campaigns