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German Expressionism and Dada

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Lorely French

on 1 April 2016

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Transcript of German Expressionism and Dada

Schock und Ehrfurcht: deutscher Expressionismum and Dada
in Literatur, Musik und Film
Literature I
Music
"Metamorphosis"/"Die Verwandlung" (1915)
by Franz Kafka (1883-1924)
(Translated here by David Wyllie
Projekt Gutenberg, 2002.
https://www.gutenberg.org/files/5200/5200-h/5200-h.htm)

Film
Das Kabinet des Dr. Caligari
(1920)
Spring Awakening:
A Children's Tragedy/"Fruehlingserwachen"

by Franz Wedekind (1864-1918)
Arnold Schoenberg, Wind Quintett Op. 26 i i.
Anmutig und heiter--scherzo Basel Ensemble (composed 1923-24)




One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin. He lay on his armour-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections. The bedding was hardly able to cover it and seemed ready to slide off any moment. His many legs, pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
Expressionismus:
Expressionism
Die Bruecke (The Bridge): Dresden 1905
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Der blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider): Munich 1911


Wassily Kandinsky
Franz Marc
Paul Klee
Auguste Macke

12-Tone music
all 12 notes receive equal importance in a series of tone rows; compositions are not in any set key
wichtige historische Ereignisse
Important historical events I


deutsche Vereinigung 1871

Kolonializierung: Ost-,
West-, and
Suedwest-Africa
(1880er-1919);

Dadaism
(1916 in Cabaret Voltaire in Zuerich, Switzlerland; Berlin became a center
Hugo Ball and sound poetry
Karawane


jolifanto bambla o falli bambla
großiga m'pfa habla horem
egiga goramen
higo bloiko russula huju
hollaka hollala
anlogo bung
blago bung blago bung
bosso fataka

schampa wulla wussa olobo
hej tatta gorem
eschige zunbada
wulubu ssubudu uluwu ssubudu
tumba ba-umf
kusa gauma
ba - umf
-written 1890-91;
-first performed 1906;
-controversial themes related to sexuality, puberty, homosexuality, suicide, youth rebellion;
abortion;
rape;
-often banned because of explicit nature
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Edvard Munch
Der Schrei, 1893
Hannah Hoech: The Strong Guys, 1931`
Kaethe Kollwitz
No More War, 1922
George Grosz
The Gray Day
1921
"Expressionismus"
"Ehrfurcht"
"Schock"
"Dada"
"Futurismus, Cubismus, Surrealismus, Avant-Garde"
Bibliography
"Origins of Expressionism" http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=26429
28 February 2013
Franz Marc, "Das grosse blaue Pferd,"
"The Big, Blue Horse" 1911
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
"Selbstportraet als Soldat"
"Self portrait as a Soldier"
(1915)
Expressionismus als Reaction auf andere vorherige Kunstbewegungen
Expressionism as a Reaction Against Previous Art Movements

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
"gelber nackter Ruecken" (1911)
(Expressionismus)

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
"La Grande Odalisque" (1814)
(Neoclassicismus/Romanticismus)
Edgar Degas
"Frau bei der Toilette" (1885)
(Impressionismus)
Kurt Schwitters
"Anna Blume: Dichtungen,"
1919
"Kurt Schwitters: The Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art" http://www.moma.org/collection/artist.php?artist_id=5293, 28 February 2013
Marcel Duchamp, "L.H.O.O.Q." ("Elle a chaud au cul" ("She has a hot ass") (1919)
Hilfe!
Angst
Unsinn
kein Sinn
Gefuehle
Subjektivitaet
innere Emotionen
Ehre
Literature II
wichtige Personen und Theorien
Important People and Theories

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Theorien der Psychoananalyse, des Unbewusstseins und der Sexualitaet
Theories of Psychoanalysis, the Unconscious, and Sexuality

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
Relativitaetstheorien
(1905/1916)
Relativity Theories

wichtige historische Ereignisse II
Important Historical Events II

Weimarer Republic (1919-1933):
demokratische Regierung

Wahlrecht fuer Frauen in Deutschland und Oesterreich 1919; in der Schweiz kam die Wahlrecht fuer Frauen erst 1971 bundesweit und 1991 in allen Kantonen

Voting rights for women in Germany and Austria: 1919; in Switzerland women's voting rights did not occur nationally until 1971and in 1991 in all cantons.

der Erste Weltkrieg
The First World War
(1914-1918)

"Der grosse Krieg"
"Der Krieg, der Krieg beenden wird."
"The war that will end war." (H.G. Wells)

Kaethe Kollwitz
Nie wieder Krieg, 1922
"No more war"

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
"Selbstportraet als Soldat" (1915)
"Self-portrait as a soldier"

Nationalsozialismus: Hitlers Putsch in Muenchen 1923
an die Macht1933

"Entartete Kunst"/"Degenerate Art"
Exhibition in 1937 in Munich

Cabaret
in Germany and France from early 1900s until 1930s
The Blue Angel (1930)
Joseph von Sternberg director,
Marlene Dietrich as Lola
"Cabaret" (1972)
Bob Fosse director,
Liza Minnelli as Sally Bowles
Set in 1931 Weimar Republic
Artists: Hannah Hoech, John Heartfield, Georg Grosz, Kurt Schwitters, Hans Arp, Hans Richter
Lorely French
Professorin fuer Germanistik
Pacific Universitaet
"Inner Visions: German Prints from the Age of Expressionism."

"The Photomontages of Hannah Hoech"
May Ray
"Violin d'Ingres" (1924)
(Surrealismus")

Feelings
Subjectivity
Expressionism
Awe
Help!
Nonsense
No Sense
Futurism, Cubism, Surrealism, Avant-Garde
Inner Emotions
German unification in 1871
Colonization of East, West, and Southwest Africa
(1880-1919)

Present-day Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, parts of Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, part of Botswana, Camaroon, and Togo
Colonial Germany, including colonies in Africa, Marshall Islands, Mariana Islands (today Northern Mariana Islands), German Samoa (today Samoa), Caroline Islands (today Federated States of Micronesia and Palau
Yeah, Lea Michele!
Gustav Klimt
(1862-1918
Der Kuss (The Kiss)
1907-8
Judith and Holofernes (1901)
Adele Bloch-Bauer
1907
ALS Gregor Samsa eines Morgens aus unruhigen Traeumen erwachte, fand er sich in seinem Bett zu einem ungeheuren Ungeziefer verwandelt. Er lag auf seinem panzerartig harten Ruecken und sah, wenn er den Kopf ein wenig hob, seinen gewoelbten, braunen, von bogenfoermigen Versteifungen geteilten Bauch, auf dessen Hoehe sich die Bettdecke, zum gaenzlichen Niedergleiten bereit, kaum noch erhalten konnte. Seine vielen, im Vergleich zu seinem sonstigen Umfang klaeglich duennen Beine flimmerten ihm hilflos vor den Augen.
(zwoelf-toenige Musik)
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