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Rhetorical Devices: Metonymy/ Synecdoche

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Selena Perez

on 20 October 2013

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Transcript of Rhetorical Devices: Metonymy/ Synecdoche

Metonymy
Rhetorical Devices: Metonymy/ Synecdoche
Related Terms
Examples:
"He also secured from Parliament the so-called Sugar Act of 1764, the first law ever passed by that body for raising tax revenue in the colonies for
the crown
" (125).
used the crown to refer to a monarch
Etymology: Derives from Greek metonymia, Literally "a change in name",
from meta "change" and onoma "name"
Def:a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated
Antonomasia
: subsituting a descriptive phrase for a proper name
ex: Beatles, " the fast four"
Metalipsis
: reference to something by means of another thing that is remotely close to it
ex:
He is such a lead foot
Euphemism:
a more subtle and gentle way to replace and describe something unpleasant or unfavorable
ex: He is in a better place
"the pen is mightier than the sword"
pen is an attribute of thoughts that are written down; the sword of military action
Synecdoche
Etymology: From medival latin synodoche,"Part for whole or vice versa."
Def: a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whole
Continued
I am not the kind of girl
Who should be rudely barging in on a white veil occasion
But you are not the kind of boy
Who should be marrying the wrong girl
Speak Now
-Taylor Swift
"Lets go to bed now"
Examples:
"Listen, you've got to come take a look at my new set of wheels"
Purpose
ex: we need some "good heads" for the project

- intelligent people
when a part rather than a whole is used in literature, it puts an empashis on that part
it helps writers to achieve brievity
ex: "Soilders, were equiped with steel " rather than soldiers were equiped with swords, daggers, knives, arrows etc.
metonymy
allows us to make a quick connection to something based on a easily to percieve aspect of it
RhetoricalDevices:Metonymy/Sydnecdoche
Selena Perez
Mrs. Rose
English AP Period:1
20 October, 2013

Examples Cont.

Give me a second I
I need to get my story straight
My friends are in the bathroom
Getting higher than the Empire State
My lover she's waiting for me
Just across the bar
My seats been taken by some sunglasses
Asking 'bout a scar
-Fun
We are young
WARNING!!!!!!


Metaphor
Metonymy
substitutes a concept with another
comparison based on similarities
selects a related term; association
the comparison is based on continuity
ex: we await response from the crown
ex: life is a journey
http://literarydevices.net/synecdoche/
"The ship was lost with all hands"
Examples Cont.


"The
western wave
was all a flame.
The day was well nigh done!
Almost upon the
western wave
Rested the broad sun."





The western wave refers to the sea by the name of its parts
Works-cited

Bavota, C. "Synecdoche." literarydevice.net.
Magazine Basic, 2013. Web. 5 Oct. 2013.

Burton,Gideon O."SilvaRhetoricae."rhetoric.byu.
edu. Brigham Young University, 26 Feb. 2007.Web.
5 Oct. 20.
"Examples of Synechdoche." yourdictionary.com.
lovetoknowcorp., 2013. Web. 9 Oct. 3013.

Harper, Douglas. "Online Etmology Dictionary."
etymonline.com. sponsored word, 2013. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.

Kennedy, David M., et. al. The American Pageant. New York:
Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006. Print.

Manisha. " Difference Between Metaphor and
Metonymy." DifferenceBetween.net. 3 Dec. 2009. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.

Monae, Janelle. "We are Young Lyrics." rapgenius.com
Genuismediagroup, 2013. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.

"Taylor Swift Lyrics." azlyrics.com. sony/ATV Tree,
n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.

Tomkins, Penny. "Metonymy and Part-Whole Relationships"
cleanlanguage.co.uk. Developing Group, 3 Aug. 2012. Web. 10 Oct. 2013
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Synecdoche
Full transcript