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Transcript of Gabriela Mistral
Spencer Stucki Lucila Godoy Alcayaga Background: Born in Vicuña, Chile April 7, 1889
Died in Hempstead, NY January 10, 1957
Pseudonym Gabriela Mistral
Derived from Gabriele d'Annunzio and Frédéric Mistral
Won Nobel Prize in Literature 1945
First Latin American Author
Dedicated to education
Feminist Influences Comparison Grupos! What correlations can be drawn to the loss of a loved one between these two excerpts?
Mistral is often referred to as the "mother" of Chile. Is there any evidence of motherly characteristics in these poems? Controversy Many scholars have declared Gabriela Mistral to be a lesbian.
She never married
Never bore children
Loss of her only lover Suicide of Romelio Ureta
Wrote her poems
Encouraged Bible study
More spiritual than religous
Strong Connection to home "He is falling in love with another upon the flowering earth. The thorn bush is blooming a song goes floating by. And he is falling in love with another upon the flowering earth!"
She would fly far away into the sky and never fly again into my straw bed, or she would nest in the eaves where I could not comb her hair. I don't want them to turn my little girl into a swallow.
-Fear Accomplishments December 22, 1914 she was awarded first prize in literary contest Juegos Florales in Santiago
In 1922 her first book of poems Desolación was published in New York
1922-1925 invited by the president of Mexico to serve as a consultant to national literacy and educational reform
1923 publishes Lecturas para mujeres (Readings for women)
1924 publishes 2nd book Ternura (Tenderness)
1925 returns to Chile and receives life pension and is also appointed to Chilean delegate to the League of Nations
1927 -1945 Various humitartian aid efforts in Latin America, she also finds out that she won the Nobel Prize
1945 Mistral moves to San Francisco and serves as a delegate to the United Nations and served as founder of UNICEF
VS. "There is now an obsession with talking about these matters especially in classes within the Untied States that are always looking for intertextuality, that is, reading between the lines to discover what the author meant in a text. These currents come and go: first it was the ethnic thing, then it was women's studies and now its the gay stuff."- Jaime Quezada Literary Themes Death
Strong connection to God and spirituality
Characteristics of modernism Quick shift from traditional views
Experimentation and individualism
revealing of the state of things
Influenced by WWI & WWII
Lack of consciousness
No particular audience
"We are guilty of many errors and many faults, but our worst crime is abandoning the children, neglecting the fountain of life. Many of the things we need can wait. The child cannot. Right now is the time his bones are being formed, his blood is being made, and his senses are being developed. To him we cannot answer "tomorrow", his name is today"