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Fiber Construction Project

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Alyssa Garner

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Fiber Construction Project

Plain Weave
The plain weave is the simplest of all weaves. You pass over one, and go under one.
Advantages and Disadvantages
of the Plain Weave
Advantages: Snag resistant, wears well, reversible and high thread density
Twill Weave
Advantages and Disadvantages
of the Twill Weave
Advantages: It is stronger and more durable than a plain weave.
Satin Weave
Satin weaves usually have a glossy surface and a dull back
Advantages and Disadvantages
of the Satin Weave
Advantages: High luster, smooth, lustrous and rich-looking
Weft Knit
Weft-knits are knitted with one yarn, usually used to produce interesting color patterns
Advantages and Disadvantages
of the Weft Knit
Advantages: Heavy, firm and good shape retention
The End!
Fiber Construction Project
By: Alyssa Garner
Some examples are muslin, voile, broadcloth, percale, taffeta and crepe.
Disadvantages: Ravels, appears uninteresting, shows wrinkle and has lower tear strength
Suggested garments: Shirts, handkerchiefs and sheets
You can recognize this weave by the parallel, diagonal ridges on the fabric surface.
Examples: Denim, chino, and gabardine
Suggested garments: Jeans
Other definitive fabric traits: Twill weaves have a front which is the technical face and a back called the technical back
Disadvantages: It frays and creates space within the fabric
Examples: Nylon, silk and polyester
Suggested Garments: Dressy clothes, athletic shorts, night gowns and blouses
Other definitive fabric traits: There are 12 types of Satin
Disadvantages: Snag, pull and appears greasy after wearing it after a while
Suggested Garments: T-shirts, dresses, pantyhose and sweaters
Disadvantages: If a loop breaks, it creates a run
Other definitive fabric traits: It looks the same on the fabric's face and reverse, which makes it reversible
Common fabrics: Jersey, purl, rib, interlock and double knits
Warp Knit
Each loop in the horizontal direction is made from different thread
Common fabrics: Tricot and raschel
Suggested garments: Sports wear, shoe fabric and tulle fabrics
Other definitive fabric traits: Warp knitting comprises of several types of knitted fabrics
Advantages: Higher productivity rates than weaving, large working widths and variety of fabric construction
Disadvantages: It always has to be done by machine
Seamless Knit
Seamless knitting is circular knitting or knitting in the round is a form of knitting that creates a seamless tube
Suggested Garments: Sweaters and active wear
Common Fabrics: Single, purl, ribbed, double, interlock and sweater knits
Advantages: Higher productivity, lightness and softness, no bulky or irritating stitches, better look,better fit and more comfortable
Disadvantages: They may run if snagged and the edges curl
Other Nonwoven Fabric
Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from long fibers bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment
Common fabrics: Polypropylene
Advantages: Very durable fabric, stretchy, soft and has good thermal insulation
Disadvantages: Limited life, single-use fabric
Suggested garments: Medical, filters and geotextiles
Other definitive fabric traits: There are staple nonwovens and spunlaid nonwovens
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