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Components of Fitness: Running

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Elaina Dunfee

on 29 June 2014

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Transcript of Components of Fitness: Running

Cardiovascular Endurance
Muscular Endurance
Muscular Strength
Flexibility
Body Coordination
Components of Fitness
Components of Fitness: Running
Cardiovascular Endurance: is the ability of the heart, respiratory, and circulatory systems to supply oxygen and nutrients to the working muscles over a long period of time. An example of Cardiovascular Endurance in running is running on a treadmill or outside on a track, marathon running, or the ability to pace yourself when you’re first start running to extend farther in distance. Runners need to have good cardiovascular endurance to be able to finish from their starting point and to slim the chance of risks or injuries.
Cardiovascular Endurance:
Muscular Endurance: is the ability of a muscle/ group muscles to sustain repeated contractions over a long period of time. Examples of muscular endurance in running is cross country running and exercises such as push- ups, Dips, Superman’s, and Calf- Raises before you start to work on your arms and legs. Runners need muscular endurance to be able to undergo high scrimmaging and jumping over hurdles in meets.
Muscular Enduracnce:
Muscular Strength: is the ability of a muscle/group of muscles to exert a maximal force against a resistance. An example of muscular strength in running is strength training. Runners need muscular strength to be able to strengthen the muscles and joints, improve race times, and decrease injury.
Muscular Strength:
Speed
Reaction Time
Agility
Balance
Coordination
Power
Skill- Related Fitness:
Speed: is the ability to perform movement in a short period of time. An example of speed in running is sprinting 1 yard. Runners need speed to calculate their race time and making it possible to beat their component.
Speed:
Reaction Time: The ability to respond quickly to stimuli. An example for a reaction time in running when the gun goes off to start. Runners need to know the time to start the race, so they can overlook where they are running and the fastest way to get there.
Reaction Time:
Agility: is the body’s ability to move its position or direction rapidly with speed and accurary. An example of agility in running through the ladder placing one foot at a time, Runners need to know agility to improve coordination and accuracy.
Agility:
Flexibility:is the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion about a joint. An example in flexibility in running is calf with belt exercises to loosen the foot, challenge the ankle, and release the back of the knee. Runners need flexibility because it gives power in the hip muscles and extends your torso, so it is more passive and effective.
Body Coordination:
Body Composition: is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. An example of body composition in running is increasing running volume and upgrading training sessions. Runners think it is good to have body composition because it prepares them for their sport and gets them in shape.
Balance:
Balance: is defined as the body’s ability to maintain equilibrium. An example of balance in running is your stance. Balance is good for running because it helps you to have contact with the ground and be able to stay relaxed when running.
Coordination:
Coordination: is the ability to use multiple body parts in harmony to perform tasks efficiently. An example of coordination is doing running drills to improve movement patterns. You need coordination in running to organize your limbs and help with your balance
Power:
Power: The amount of force a muscle can exert. An example of power in running is jumping over the hurdles. Power is a good component in running because it shows muscles and coordination to dodge hitting things like hurdles.
11 Components of Fitness explained in running
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