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British traditions and visions

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Linda F.

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of British traditions and visions

From Empire to Commonwealth The decline of the Empire
- rebellions started
- India declared independence in 1947
- no money in Britain to support the colonies after World War II

What is left over from the time of the Empire?
- most of the former colonies are now part of the Commonwealth
- language (English worldwide!)
- democratic system modelled on the Westminster system
- legal system based on English law
- educational system
- British sport games From
Commonwealth From Empire to Commonwealth Britain
The British Empire and Colonies
The decline of the Empire
What is left over from the Empire
- a family of nations
- aims
- functions
- critique
Role of the monarch Monarchy and modern democracy The Monarch Monarchy and modern democray The Cabinet The United Kingdom and Europe The European Union
- 1973: England's entry into the EU
- "England against the remaining world"
- unaffected of developments in countries around the island
- membership is conflicting
-> love-hate-relationship a presentation from Charlotte, Mandy and Linda British traditions and visions Contents Monarchy and modern democracy Institutions
- Monarch
- Parliament
- House of Commons
- House of Lords
- Cabinet
- Prime Minister
- Government
- Electors
- General election
- Electoral system
- Political Parties The UK and Europe The European Union
Pound vs. Euro
The British role in the future How to deal with political speeches
(part 1) Connections to other topics The British Empire
- largest Empire in history
- for over a century the foremost global power
- established in the 17th century
- by 1922 one – quarter of the world's population and a quarter of Earth's total land area

How did the Empire come into being?
- colonization
- defeated other European countries
- inventions like telegraph, railroads, steamships (…)
-> advantage
- motives: trade, economics, politics, ambition, religion, adventure & curiosity North America, Australia, India, Asia, Caribbean, Ireland, South Africa
- because of British East India Company
- because Britain was a naval supremacy
- improve economy, more cheap workers, to become more powerful and bigger

colonies were ruled by:
- slavery, no own rights
- oppression
- place holders with weapons life „improved“ for the indigenous people:
- medical care
- education
- transport systems
- homes
- police and military forces
- democratic system
- sports
- Christianising
-> trying to form people according to their wishes - no general identity
- some people who were not born in Britain feel British
- „Chicken Tikka Massala“ importance of pluralism

„The British are not a race, but a gathering of countless different races and communities, the vast majority of which were not indigenous to these islands.“ (from: „Chicken Tikka Massala“ by Robin Cook ll. 2-4) The Commonwealth – A family of Nations
- Queen Elizabeth II (Britain) as the head
- 54 independent member states
- founded in 1949
- 1.7 bn people (30% of world's population)
- official language: English
- no political union, but an intergovernmental organization

Aims of the Commonwealth
- develop countries politically (democracy, human rights, good governance)
- promote unity among the member states
- promote peace Function of the Commonwealth
- connection of many different nations
- cooperation of those connected countries according to economy
- promotion of democracy
- no political power over nations

Why are the British as Head of the Commonwealth so criticized?
- Britain wants to control mineral resources
- British are over privileged because they control some trades
- members of the former colonies want to take revenge
- not all members are equal partners
- Britain doesn't really want to lose power over the former colonies Role of the king or the queen
in former times
- head of state
- rules the state politically
- spoke law
- queen's position was hereditary for the whole Empire
- representative function
- Queen Elizabeth II symbolizes the free association of the organization's members and its capacity
- Queen's position is hereditary for Britain, but her follower is not automatically the head of the whole Commonwealth - loss of control
- loss of power
- loss of own sovereignty - Europe without GB wouldn't be Europe
- growing economic force Pound vs. Euro important economic and political decision

- fear: expect higher unemployment
- fear: lose the pound's exchange rate's value
- fear: stability of the EU's economy
- fear: Germany's influence
- loss of an important symbol and of history
-> Euro has to fulfill certain economic and financial conditions The British role
in the future - end of Empire
- pressure for Britain becoming a part of Euro-zone
- no control of international business
- british politicians want the leaving from the EU - oldest institution
- head of state (UK + Commonwealth)
- hereditary →
- no power, only representative function
- opening the parliament
- invites the leader of party, to become prime minister -> forms the government
- today: Queen Elizabeth II (King / Queen) - legislative authority in the UK
- 1.400 elected and unelected members + monarch
- not restricted² by constitution
- can use power to limit the actions of government The Parliament - 646 Members of Parliament (MPs)
- period of 5 years
- control government
- pass bills
- decisions to budget of the state
- introduce new bills
- discuss important political aspects House of Commons House of Lords - 700 members
- supreme court of appeal²
- 4 different types of members
- can suggest changes to bills (veto power)
- low power
- doesn't represent the population - Prime Minister
- 20 senior Ministers
- responsible for government policy The Prime Minister - head of government
- can end a Parliament
- set date of general election
- chooses and removes his Ministers
- reports government business to Monarch and informs parliament - formed by the party which wins the most seats in House of Commons
- Prime Minister
- 100 Ministers
→- 20 Ministers for important positions The Government - age of 18 years can vote
- each voter has one vote
- vote for party or representative
-> vote members for house of commons The Electors The General Election - when Parliament is dissolved
→- all seats in House of Commons are free
- leader of the winner-party
→-> House of Commons →-> Government
- every 5 years
→- Prime Minister decides when the new general election is -> Thursdays The Electoral System - „first-past-the-post-system“
-> simple majority system
- dived into different constituencies
→-> candidates from several parties
- candidate with the largest number of votes is elected to be the MP for that constituency The political parties - party for middle and upper class
- strong party
- aims:
- economic freedom
- privatize state-owned companies
- restrict influence of trade-unions
- be strong and independent The Conservative Party The Labour Party - workers party -> till Tony Blair was elected
- for social justice
- aims:
- full employment
- wide social net
- improvement of Health Service
- improvement of education
- fight against poverty
- process of devolution The Liberal Democrats - fusion of Liberal Party and Social Democratic Party
- aims: domestically (=inner land)
- strengthening of civil rights
- improving the public service
-> consider increases of tax
- pro-European foreign policy (<-> inner land)
- renunciation² of nuclear weapons
- save the environment Britain
a multicultural country How to deal with political speeches Introduction
-> general information
- speaker
- occasion
- type of speech
- historical background
- audience Introductory thesis
-> Outline the speaker’s
central message Main part -> analysis:
- How does the speaker establish contact to the audience?
- How does the speaker emphasize central statements?
- How does the speaker illustrate important ideas?
- How does the speaker grab the attention of the audience?

-> include quotations, description and interpretation Conclusion -> summarize everything with reference to your thesis Connections to other topics Thank you for listening. :) The END House of
Lords House of
Commons ²oberste Berufsgericht ²verzicht ²eingeschränkt - Indian traditions (post–colonialism)
- American traditions and visions (same topic)
- American dream (is there something comparing in Britain?)
- Shakespeare (comparing function of Queen in his time, with perhaps signs in his poems?)
- globalization
- progress in Britain
- which position in peace–keeping?
- politics in other countries Connections
Full transcript