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Transcript of COFFEE
Café Cortado; strong coffee with a little hot milk
Café Solo; strong coffee
Café Con Leche; milk coffee
Café Con Hielo; coffee with Ice
Freddo; Greek Iced Mocha
Ellininkos; Greek ground coffee heated with sugar
The French enjoy a café au lait with a croissant in the morning
Café Crème; espresso with milk foam References America Thursday 19 July 1945 Where it all began A healthy coffee consumption can: •Reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes
•Reduce the risk of developing gallstones
•Discourage development of colon cancer
•Improve cognitive function
•Reduce the risk of liver damage for people in the high risk category
•Reduce the risk of Parkinson’s disease
•Improve endurance performance in physical activities
(Harvard Health Publications 2004) Kaldi The coffee legend Bound for Botany Bay the first coffee arrives in Australia as part of the seeds and plants brought aboard the First Fleet in 1778. Coffee had a slow start in Australian History with tea being the preferred drink. The 1870's saw coffee being sold in street stalls to late night workers or theatre goers however by the 1920's these stalls were removed due to their 'associations with crime' (Adams 2010). Accounts of where coffee got
it's start seem to vary widely. However
according to legend, coffee trees
originated in the Ethiopian province
of Kaffa. Coffee Down Under How the coffee drink Americano got it's name Italians: The best coffee drinkers of the world Coffee is just as much part of Italy's culture as pizza is! The Italians take their coffee very seriously, and they have strict rules that have been passed down through the ages, that they still stick by today. Europe Coffee's effect on the body around the world More than 500 billion cups of coffee are consumed each year, making coffee the world’s most popular beverage. It is also the world’s most traded commodity, after crude oil. (Caffeine blast 2011) Interesting coffee fact Starbucks opened in Seattle in 1971. In 2010, it boasted revenues of $10.7 billion and 16,850 stores in 40 countries, making it the world’s top coffee retailer. Starbucks offers over 87,000 possible drink combinations Home to 69 coffee beverages including:
Liqueur coffee. As its name suggests, is a coffee brew with a 25 ml shot of liqueur. This brew is usually served in a clear, pre-heated, liqueur coffee glass with the coffee and cream separated for good visual and taste effect. The importance of coffee in east Africa and the Sudan include how coffee was both to enjoy (preferably with pombe beer) and was also part of specific greeting and social ceremonies – both among local folk as well as with Arab merchants who traded in these areas. Coffee was never made into a drink by locals as they preferred to mix the cherries with a little water and chew like a tobacco. The formation of the culture around coffee and coffeehouses dates back to 14th century. Coffee is enjoyed and consumed by many around the world . The beans used to make most of the coffee we enjoy today originate from two main species of coffee plant: The Coffea Arabica plant which produces Arabica coffee beans and the Coffea Robusta also known as the Coffea Canephora plant which produces Robusta coffee beans. Coffee is an integral part of many cultures and is seen as a commodity that everyone is entitled to. Coffee is one of the most valuable products in the world trade and is crucial to the economies and politics of many developing countries. Coffee around the globe is a drink of importance. History and Culture Coffee was introduced into America by the British in the late 1600’s. By 1668 it had replaced beer as the most popular breakfast drink. (National Geographic 2013) However until the middle of the 1700’s tea and coffee were equally favoured. In 1773, King George imposed a tax on tea. Americans met in a Boston coffee house and planned the great tea revolt known as the Boston Tea Party. It then became seen as unpatriotic to drink tea. Since then coffee has increased in popularity. Coffee houses on Wall Street were the birth place of the New York Stock Exchange and the Bank Of New York. By the time of WWII Americans were drinking more coffee per capita than anyone else in the world. (Mark Pendergast 2009) The 1970’s paved the way for both the ‘Specialty Coffee Revolution’ and Starbucks. Both of which have swept the world. “The coffee house really has provided what one sociologist calls 'the great good place', the third place, not work, not your home, where you can go and meet somebody in kind of a nice setting. So you have a lot of business people, a lot of dates, a lot of just friends meeting at coffee houses now.” (Mark Pendergast 2009) http://thecaffeinatedconsumer.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/a-visual-history-of-coffee-in-the-u-s/ Did you know? Printed in'The Argus' History & Culture On the menu On the Menu On the Menu...... Insomnia
Elevated heart rate
Increased blood pressure
High cholesterol levels
Caffeine is mildly addictive Drinking too much coffee can cause: Africa Culture Fun Fact The U.S. is the highest consumer
of world coffee! (Sereke-Brhan) Fun Fact Ethiopia is considered to be the oldest exporter of coffee, and in 2005 was
the sixth-largest coffee producer and seventh-largest exporter worldwide
(Petit 2007). Fun Fact When the first coffeehouse opened in England in 1652, women were prohibited from entering, other than to serve men. (Lorenzettie) Fun Fact A 2011 study showed that women who drink two to three cups of caffeinated coffee a day were 15% less likely to develop depression over a 10-year period than those who drank one cup of coffee or less per week. (caffeine blast 2011) World wide health effects of coffee Coffee culture..... There are many different types of coffee culture present in Europe. In Paris coffee houses are accompanied by music, artwork and romance. In Prague the café culture thrives on the integration of different nationalities and cultures. In the larger cities, the coffee houses provide the ideal location to spend some quiet time away from the hustle and bustle of business and life. In Italy however the culture centers around exchanging ideas over an espresso. Fun Fact Gloria Jean's Coffees has over 480 stores open in Australia. (Gloria Jeans Coffees 2011) Too much is defined as being in excess of 6 cups a day! In moderation studies have shown no negative effects just benefits. On the Menu In 1939 however it was believed that unlike Europeans, Australians only drank coffee or tea as a means of quenching thirst the main reason being that Australians were completely in the dark on how to correctly brew a cup of coffee. Sadly amongst the confusion it was being boiled with milk it and being brewed with egg shells, mustard and even dynamite! (Adams 2010) With the introduction of the Gaggia espresso machine in the 1950’s the European coffee culture emerged on Australia. New coffee lounges were decked out complete with art works and the Australian coffee culture was born. At first drinking coffee was seen as being a sign of sophistication now it is an everyday occurrence. Coffee brewing made simple! History The 17th Century saw the introduction of coffee in Europe, and it fast became popular. When coffee arrived in Venice in 1615 the local clergy condemned it. As some called it the 'bitter invention of Satan". This caused such controversy that the Pope of the time got involved. After tasting the beverage for himself and finding it so satisfying he gave coffee papal approval Traditional Ethiopian Coffee Conclusion Interesting.... Adams,J (2010). Thoroughly Modern Coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: www.textjournal.com.au/speciss/issue9/Adams.pdf. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
Coffee Culture in Europe. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.cafeeurope.at/. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].
Donald Hensrud M.D (2010). Coffee and Health: What does the research say?. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/coffee-and-health/AN01354. [Last Accessed 14th May 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
First Fleet Fellowship (2012). List of Livestock and Provisions. [ONLINE] Available at: http://home.vicnet.net.au/~firstff/list.htm. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013]
Gloria Jean's Coffees. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.gloriajeanscoffees.com/au/ourStory/ourjourney.aspx
Greenwood, B (2011). What are the Health Hazards Associated with Drinking Coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.livestrong.com/article/427944-what-are-the-health-hazards-associated-with-drinking-coffee/#ixzz2TAiGtJ28. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].
Harvard health publications (2004). Coffee Health Risks. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.health.harvard.edu/press_releases/coffee_health_risk. [Last Accessed May 18th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
Howard, B (2012). How Coffee changed America. [ONLINE] Available at: http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/19/coffee-changed-america-infographic/. ( Last Accessed May 14th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
International Coffee Organisation (). The Story of Coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ico.org/coffee_story.asp?section=About_Coffee. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
konakid (2013). The Cultural and Social Importance of Coffee in America. [ONLINE] Available at: http://konacoffeereviewed.com/the-cultural-and-social-importance-of-coffee-in-america/. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].
Kona Joe Coffee (2013). Famous Cafe's. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.konajoe.com/famous_cafes.html. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].
Lumin Consulting (2013). A visual history of coffee in the U.S. [ONLINE] Available at: http://thecaffeinatedconsumer.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/a-visual-history-of-coffee-in-the-u-s/. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].
NCA (). The History of Coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ncausa.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=68. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
Pendergast, M;Phillips, K; Morris, J; Courtwright, D; Bennett, A; Cammarano, T (2009). Café Connoisseur; a cultural history of coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/rearvision/cafe-connoisseur-a-cultural-history-of-coffee/3153922. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE
Petit, Nicolas (2007). “Ethiopia’s Coffee Sector: A Bitter or Better Future?” Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol. 7, No. 2, 225–263. CREDIBLE SOURCE
Sereke-Brhan, H. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bu.edu/pardee/files/2010/09/Pardee-Paper-11-Ethiopian-Fine-Coffees.pdf CREDIBLE SOURCE
The Argus Newspaper (1945). Coffee without tears. [ONLINE] Available at: http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/page/32269?zoomLevel=1. [Last Accessed May 14th 2013].CREDIBLE SOURCE
Van Dam, R (2013). Ask the expert: Coffee and Health. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/coffee/. [Last Accessed May 17th 2013]. CREDIBLE SOURCE Discovery Tv (2010). Is Coffee Good For You?. [ONLINE] Available at: [Last Accessed May 11th 2013].
Vanhoutte Coffee (2013). The Story Behind the Americano. [ONLINE] Available at: [Last Accessed May 11th 2013].
Weins, M (2012). Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony: How to drink traditional coffee. [ONLINE] Available at: [Last Accessed May 16th 2013]. Video Clips The story of Kaldi Kaldi was a goatherder in the Ethiopian highlands. One day he noticed his Goats acting quite spirited after eating berries from a certain tree. Kaldi took his findings to the abbot of the local monastery. The abbot made a drink from the berries, and he noticed that it kept him awake and alert for the long hours of the evening prayer. Slowly the knowledge of the energizing effects of these berries grew throughout the monastery.
As word moved east and coffee reached the arabian peninsula, it began a journey which would spread it's reputation across the globe. C O F F E E COFFEE