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Airplanes In WWII
Transcript of Airplanes In WWII
Aidan Naughton Types of Aircraft Aviation Facts Use of Bombers David McCampbell (US) Joe Foss (US) Battle of the Bulge Adlertag Operation Landmark Battles This was Germany's last attempt to conquer Europe. On October 24, 1944 McCampbell's unprepared plane was rushed into battle. Foss enlisted into the Marine Corps as an aviation cadet after the start of WWII. Bombers Used to drop bombs on enemies. (Air to Land) At the start of WWII, medium twin engine bombers were used but were later replaced by the bigger and better four engine bombers. B-29 The US 8th Air Force concentrated on day bombings while the British RAF focused on night bombings. Fighters Fighters were used for Air to Air combat. Fighters are what nations used to establish Air Superiority, which is control over the airspace of an area. Without control over an airspace soldiers could expect frequent and easy bombings with little or no protection. Spitfire Cargo Planes Boeing C-108 In WWII cargo planes were used to transport troops and supplies to the front lines, or to cities that were blockaded. The Boeing C-108 was originally a bomber, but was converted to a cargo plane. Obsolete bombers, like the C-108 were converted into cargo planes to save on materials. The bomb bays were sealed shut and several bulkheads were removed to increase cargo space. Neither of these forces was able to create accurate bombsights or tactics to allow pinpoint accuracy, unwanted damage was often caused as a result. In WWII bombers were used for recon instead of a dedicated plane.
There was nothing special about them, but they were equipped with cameras. Reconnaissance Aircraft After WWII, during the Cold War the US began developments on dedicated Recon Aircraft. The above SR-71 is one of these. The U-2 is another post-WWII Recon plane. SR-71 U-2 Pros Cons Enemy was quickly dealt with. Taking out strategic locations was easier and cost less lives for the invaders. In some cases, it may be cheaper to bomb than to train an army to invade. Civilians' homes were destroyed. Landscape and building were ravaged. Inaccurate bombsights led to accidental death and destruction. Surprise attacks were made easier and more deadly. In some cases, it may be more expensive to use bombs than to train an army to invade. Pearl Harbor In December 7, 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. The Japanese used 353 fighters, bombers, and torpedo planes that were launched from six aircraft carriers. Aircraft Carriers Aircraft Carriers were large boats used as portable runways for planes. The old naval technique of blasting each other with cannons was replaced by sitting far away from each other and launching planes to do the fighting. The US had their planes lined up on the runway so destroying them was even easier for the Japanese pilots. McCampbell's plane was only partially fueled and didn't have full ammo stocks. Despite the inhibitions McCampbell managed to shoot down nine Japanese planes. He was stopped because his guns ran out of ammo and his plane was running out of fuel. He attended the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Florida. After he graduated from there he was transferred to an aerial photography school in Miami. Foss, having completed his training, insisted that he be assigned as the executive officer of Marine Fighter Squadron VMF-121. During his service he scored twenty three aerial victories before Malaria temporarily disabled him. Upon his return he scored three more aerial victories. Foss was presented the Congressional Medal of Honor for his accomplishments. The German army started to fail as their supplies diminished. When the weather cleared the Allied fighters and bombers provided further assistance in stopping the Germans and driving them back. The Luftwaffe launched a major offensive on January 1 to salvage the war. Their efforts failed and German offensive operations ceased by January 25 Battle of the Bulge Citations Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. “Airplane.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1964. Print.
Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. “War Aces.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1964. Print.
Ryan. “10 Most Epic Air-to-Air Battles In Military History”. Military Degree Programs. Privately Sponsored, Feb 14, 2012. Web. May 10, 2013.http://www.militarydegreeprograms.org/10-most-epic-air-to-air-battles-in-military-history/ no author.
“World War II Aircraft”. IEEE Global History Network. IEEE, 2009. Web. May 10, 2013.http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/World_War_II_Aircraft
No author. “David McCampbell”. National Aviation Hall of Fame. NAHF, 2011. Web. May 10, 2013.http://www.nationalaviation.org/mccampbell-david/s Second Raid
on Schweinfurt Nicknamed, "Black Thursday".
In 1943 291 B-17 Bombers were sent out to destroy ball bearing factories.
In total: 77 B-17s were destroyed, 121 were damaged and almost 600 crewman died.
The most losses of any USAAF mission. On August 13, 1940, hundreds of escorted bombers truly started The Battle of Britain.
Bombing the British airfields in South West England.
Poor weather, Spitfires, and Hurricanes suppressed the German attack
Germany lost 47/48 aircraft
RAF lost 24 aircrew in air-to-air combat, and 47 aircraft on the ground