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Jean Piaget

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Shynna Lott

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Jean Piaget

What was his theory?
Beginning of Interest
1920- collaborated with Theodore Simon at the Alfred Binet Lab in Paris
Evaluated the standardized reasoning test Theodore Simon designed

Tests measured child intelligence based on age and nature of his errors

Piaget concluded factual knowledge should not be compared to intelligence or understanding
Biographical Facts
Assimiliation
To use an existing knowledge to deal with a new object or situation.

Piaget's Research Methods
Naturalistic Observation:
Schemas (Knowledge)
Basics of building intelligent behavior

Jean Piaget
Accommodation
Existing schema does not work and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
Piaget's Stages of Development
Sensorimotor: ages (0-2)
object permanence
Born Aug. 9, 1896 in Neuchatel, Switzerland
Died: Sep. 17, 1980
Mother: Rebecca Jackson
Father: Arthur Piaget
11years old-attended Neuchatel Latin High
After high school attended University of Neuchatel for zoology with a Ph.D in Natural Sciences in 1918
1918- studied psychology increasing psychoanalysis interest
Studied Psychology at Sorbonne in Paris
Example:

Example:
COGNITIVE THEORY
Preoperational: ages (2-7)
Concrete Operational: ages (7-11)
Formal Operational: ages (11+)
When a child a child goes to a Head Start School or attend a K-4 class they are learning the basic knowledge such a the alphabet, numbers, handwriting and some reading.
Equilibrium Knowledge
when a child's existing knowledge is capable of explaining and recognizing things around it.
Example(s):
when a child sees his/her bottle it opens its mouth and realizes its "feeding time"

a child does something bad an adult scorns them, makes a gesture or does some identification of being mad or upset and the child realize they have done something wrong an may retaliate in crying
Example(s):
when a child learns how to hold their own bottle, learn how to walk, or use crawling as their mobility until they learn to walk.
Egocentrism or likes of interest
conservation
Manipulating ideas
When a child does not know how to pronounce a word they sound the word out, use context clues to figure out what an un-familiar word mean
Methods of Research
Naturalistic Observation: only for children who could only recognize objects
Clinical interviews & Observations: For children who could carry on a conversation and understand questions

Application of Life Stages
Infancy:
Toddler:
Preschool:
School Age:
Adolescence:
When a baby learns how to old his/her bottle for 1st time- assimilation
tries to put on clothes or try to tie his/her shoe- accommodation
Him/Her knows how to say their name, but the fact of learning how to spell his/her name, learning to write alphabet, numbers, objects- equilibrium
Learning how read and comprehend - accommodation
when a pre-teen or teenager learns how to develop own self-esteem and deal with peer pressure-accommodation
Young Adulthood:
parenting, college, relationships- equilibrium
Case Study on South African Children
Bibliography
" Jean Piaget Biography." Bio.com A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
"Jean Piaget." Simply Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.
His theory is pertaining to children and focuses on development






3 Basic Components
Schemas (Knowledge)
equilibrium, assimilation, accommodation
Stages of Development

1. Case Study in 1990's on South Africa schooling system
2. 2 theories were used the Cognitive Theory & Vygotsky's Framework
3. Compared academics of white children to the African kids
4. Piagets theory help explain the poor academic performances of the African kids & lacked cognitive skills
5. Experiments such as drawing objects, telling what objects are, differentiating colors, asking what to colors make a certain color
average of pupils was 6 years old
Only grades 1 3 5 7
out of 280 percent each grade received:
36%
64%
68.9%
84.6%
Muthivhi, Azwihangwisi. " A Dialogue between Piaget and Vygotsky on the Development Acquisition of the Notions of Necessity and Possibility : A South African Case Study. " (n.d.)
Simmers, Louise, Karen Simmers-Nartker, Sharon Simmers-Kobelak, and Louise Simmers. Workbook to Accompany Diversified Health Occupations 7th Edition. ed.
Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cangage Learning, 2009 . Print.
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