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Section 3: South America
Transcript of Section 3: South America
Circumnavigate-To sail or fly all the way around something, such as Earth.
Glacier-A large slow moving mass of ice and snow.
Augusto Pinochet Ugarte-Military dictator of Chile from 1973 to 1988. Ferdinand magellan was searching for a way around or through the Americas. He sailed from Spain in 1519 and worked his way South along the coast of South America. The bad weather in South America forced him on the Southern Coast. Magellan finally found a way through the islands at the bottom of South America. Him and his ships sailed through a narrow passage into the Pacific. Geography Chile is home to many landforms. Strait of Magellan
Borders the Pacific coast to the West Longest, skinniest country in the world. Chile's geography varies from desert to glaciers. People and Products In the far South sheep herders brave the strong winds. Farther North in the Central Valley Farmers grow wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, corn, tomatoes, and many fruits. In the cities, businessmen roam in and out of skyscrapers. Few people live in the Atacama Desert of far North Chile. Mining settlements cover the Atacama Desert, but most abandoned. Today Mestizos make up 90% of the population. Chile Cities 80% of Chile's people live in cities Old Spanish building still stand next to skyscrapers. Agricultural Revolution In 1980, copper prices fell, and Chile realized they needed to diversify. Restoring Democracy Today Chile has a government of democracy. In 1973, armed forces took control of the government. They were led by General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte.