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VERB TENSES

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on 14 August 2013

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Transcript of VERB TENSES

Past
Present
F
u
t
u
r
e
Verb Tense
Simple Present
- They walk
Present Perfect
- They
have
walked
Simple Past
- They walked
Two tenses are marked in the verb alone
present (as in "he sings")

and
past (as in "he sang")
.
Tense is a grammatical category that locates a situation or action in time and when the situation or action takes place.
Past Perfect
- They
had
walked
Future
- They will walk
Future Perfect
- They will
have
walked
AUXILIARIES
What is an
"auxiliary"
Auxiliary, in grammar, is a helping element, typically a verb, that adds more to the basic meaning of the main verb.
Common auxiliaries forms:
be can do may must ought shall will has have had
For example
More Examples
Future Perfect
1. On Saturday, I will finish my housework. (simple future)

2. By Saturday noon, I will have finished my housework. (future perfect)
It designates action which began in the past but which continues into the present or the effect of which still continues.
past perfect is action completed in the past before another action
The future perfect tense designates action that will have been completed at a specified time in the future.
1. Judy_______ thirty dollars. (past)

2. Judy_______thirty dollars. (future)

3. Judy_______thirty dollars. (present perfect)

4. Judy______ thirty dollars by the end of last month. (past perfect)

5. Judy_________ thirty dollars by the end of this month. (future perfect)
Review
Complete the following sentences by adding the correct for of "save."
Review- answers

1. Judy
saved
thirty dollars. (past)

2. Judy
will save
thirty dollars. (future)

3. Judy
has saved
thirty dollars. (present perfect)

4. Judy
had saved
thirty dollars by the end of last month. (past perfect)

5. Judy
will have saved
thirty dollars by the end of this month. (future perfect)
Present Perfect
1. William fought cancer for five years. (simple past)
- implies that he no longer fights it
2. William has fought cancer for the past five years. (present perfect)
- implies he is still fighting
Past Perfect
1. Renee washed the car when George arrived (simple past)
- she waited until George arrived and then washed the car.
2. Renee had washed the car when George arrived. (past perfect)
- she had already finished washing the car by the time he arrived.
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