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AP Government Unit 1 Study Guide
Transcript of AP Government Unit 1 Study Guide
October, 7, 2012
4th Period Unit 1 Study Guide A government is a institution that makes authoritative decisions for any given society.
The institution that makes public policies What is a Government? The policymaking system is the system in which reveals the way our government responds to the priorities it's people. What is the Policymaking System? of selecting policymakers and organizing government so that policy reflects citizens preferences. A government where the people have the power; exercised in our case through voting for representatives Democracy is a means..... The Grant System is made up of five different things called categorical grants, formula grants, project grants, block grants and revenue sharing.
Categorical Grants are federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes of state spending.
Formula Grants are federal categorical grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations.
Project Grants are federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications.
Block Grants are federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services.
Revenue Sharing is money given to the states with no strings attached . What is the Grant System? meaning that in choosing among alternatives, the will of over half the voters should be followed. It is a fundamental of traditional democratic theory. What is Majority Rule? Devolution is transferring responsibilities for policies from the federal government to state and local governments.
A mandate are requirements that direct states or local governments to comply with federal rules under threat or penalties or as a condition of receipt of a federal grant. What's devolution and a Mandate?
Some major concepts were Limiting Majority Control meaning don't let one group have to much power.
Separations of Powers a feature of the constitution that requires each of the three branches of government executive- judicial- and legislative, and judicial- to be relatively independent of the others so that one cannot control the others. Power is shared among these three institutions.
Checks and Balances are Features of the constitution that limits government's power by requiring that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.
Federalists were supporters of the U.S. Constitution at the time the states were contemplating its adoption. What were some Major Concepts in the Constitution?
(Limiting Majority Control, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances, Federalists) Federalists were supporters of the U.S. Constitution at the time the states were contemplating its adoption.
Anti- Federalists were opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the states were contemplating its adoption. What is Federalist and Anti-Federalists?
The Federalist Papers was a collection of 85 articles writtten by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail. Who wrote the Federalist Papers and What was It? The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, drafted in response to some of the Anti- Federalist concerns. These amendments defined such basic liberties as freedom of religion, speech, and press and guarantee defendants' rights. What are the Bill of Rights? Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area of people. It is a system of shared powers between units of government.
Unitary is the type of government in which power is held within federal government only.
Confederate is a type of government in which the states have all of the power. What is a Federalism, Unitary, and Confederate type of government? The Tenth Amendment states The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or the people.
It basically gives the states more power. What is the Tenth Amendment? Supremacy Clause Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,. national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when national government is acting within its constitutional limits. What does Supremacy Clause mean? Elastic Clause is the final paragraph of Article l, Section 8, of the Constitution, which authorizes Congress to pass all laws "Necessary and Proper" to carry out the enumerated powers.
Commerce Powers the constitution gives Congress the power to regulate interstate and international commerce. which means state government can't argue with federal government about anything with creating banks or trades.
Implied Powers are Powers of the federal gov that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution. It lets the federal gov make laws that are necessary and proper. What is Elastic Clause, Commerce Powers And Implied Powers? Dual Federalism is a type of federalism in which the federal and state governments have power but they don't get in each others way. they stay in their own group.
Cooperative Federalism is a type of government in which federal and state governments share powers and federal and state governments come together to make decision.
Fiscal Federalism is a type of government that involves money, also the federal government may use this to control the states. What is Dual and Cooperative Federalism? What is Fiscal Federalism? It was the first constitution of the united states and it was a very weak government in which the states had all the power and the federal government could not taxes or do anything really. What were the Article Of Confederation? It had a conservative effect, it made other countries want to get independence from Great Britain and started other wars such as the French Revolutionary the Russian Revolutionary and Irainian Revolutionary war. What effect did the Revolutionary war have on the rest of the world? John Locke was a philosopher who proudly influenced american political leader.
He founded Natural Rights Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments, which life, liberty, and property.
Consent of the governed the idea that the government derives its authority by sanction of the people.
And limited Government the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on the government to protect the natural rights of citizens. Who was John Locke? The Revolutionary war was a war the American's fought lead by George Washington to get independence from Great Britain. What was the Revolutionary War ? A constitution is a nation's basic law. What is a Constitution? Full Faith and Credit it requires each state to recognize the official documents and civil judgements rendered by the courts of other states.
Extradition states that states are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state state to that state for trial or imprisonment.
Privileges and Immunities according citizens of each state most of the privileges of citizens of other states.
State Obligations to each other (extradition, privileges and immunities, full faith and credit) Some major events were,
King George III making the Intolerable Acts, Quartering Acts, The Taxing on Tea, Stamp Act, and The Boston Massacre. What are some major events that lead to the Declaration of Independence? Pluralist is a theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a pressing for its own preferred policies.
Hyperpluralist is a theory of the government and politics contending that groups are so strong that he government is weakened, hyperpluralism is an extreme form of pluralism.
Elite and Class Theory is a theory of the government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that upper class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization. What are the three types of democracy?
Pluralist /Hyperpluralist/ and Elite & Class Theory Political Culture is an overall set of values widely shared within a society. What is Political Culture?
What does Liberty, Egalitarianism, Individualism, Laissez-faire, and Populism mean? A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument. What is Minority Rights? *Liberty means Freedom
*Egalitarianism means everyone is created equally.
*Individualism means people can and should get ahead on their own.
* Laissez- faire means government in America is much more limited and much smaller than mainly any other country in the world.
*Populism means a government of the people, for the people, and by the people. What was the Declaration of Independence? The Declaration of Independence was basically a break up letter to Great Britain. What Was Shays' Rebellion? Shays' Rebellion was a series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by Revolutionary War captain Daniel Shays to block foreclosure proceedings.