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Communicative Approach

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on 16 August 2016

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Transcript of Communicative Approach

Communicative
Approach
Tips
Conclusion...
Communicative Approach
Brainstorming
communicative
Competence

Teacher's
Role

What is C.A?
WELCOME
Communicative approach establishes that the language itself is the means of communication y competitive forms.
Communicative approach also states that communication must be real and natural.
What is communicative approach?
The objective is the authentic and meaningful communication during classroom activities
Communication involves the integration of language skills: (Speaking, listening, reading, writing)
Learning involves trial and error sessions
Fluency determines the effectiveness in communication
The Principles of the Communicative Approach:
Any tool which helps the learners is received
- According to
Age
Interest
Level
Comprehensible pronunciation is sought.
Drilling may occur, but peripherally.|
Effective communication is sought.
Language learning is learning to communicate.
Communicative Language Teaching
Councilor
Investigator
motivator
organizer
Resource
The teacher is a(n)…
Independent participant: Integrates the learners group
Facilitator: Classroom communication process
Teacher’s Role
Peer group
communication
Meaningful
Task
Communicative
Principles
Communicative Approach
T
E
A
C
H
E
R

p
R
E
P
A
R
A
T
I
O
N
Blackboard
Audio visual aids
Pair group work
Motivation for communication
Planning activities
Production
Practice
Presentation
Preparation
Support material
Activities
New vocabulary
Linguistic items
After teaching planning
During teaching planning
Pre teaching planning
Steps in Teaching C.A
OLC Resources, multimedia
Support
material
Natural, dynamic, context
Activities
Topic / contextualized words
New vocabulary
Grammar concept
Linguistic items
Support material
Activities
New vocabulary
Linguistic items
Pre teaching planning
Students OUTPUT, results, recollect experiences
Production
Students involvement, socialization, trial/error
Practice
Model, explain, contextualize
Presentation
Planning activities, topics, games, etc
Preparation
Production
Practice
Presentation
Preparation
During teaching planning
Student centered activities, reinforcement
Blackboard
Stimulate visual sense (pics, clips, movies, songs, audio stories)
Audio visual
Socialize the subject, interaction, self-evaluation
Pair group
Engage students in the learning process, ludic
Motivation
Feedback activities
Planning activities
Blackboard
Audio visual aids
Pair group work
Motivation for communication
Planning activities
After teaching planning
Materials
Activities
Teacher’s Role in practice
Time
Talking
Teacher
INPUT
OUTPUT
LANGUAGE
SKILLS
SPEAKING
WRITING
WRITING
LISTENING
Communication Categories
Presentation
P.P.P METHOD
Set up a situation by eliciting or modeling language involved in the situation. i.e: sentences, short, read from the textbook, audio or acted out by the teacher.
Drill sentences or dialogues by repeating after the teacher or audio resource, in chorus and individually.
Match parts of sentences, completing sentences or dialogues and asking and answering questions using the target language.
Practice (Controlled)
Production
Students are encouraged to use the new
language in a freer way either for their own
purposes and meanings or in a similar context
introduced by the teacher. It can be a role play,
a simulation activity or a communication task.
Information Gaps
Simulations
Role-plays
Games
Ideas for Activity
Activities according to the skill:

Speaking
Listening
Writing
Reading

Practice and Production.
Second: Accuracy
First: Fluency
Priority
Repeated Trial / Error
Language creation
Learning to
communicate
=
Language Learning
Contextualization
Emphasis on Function
Meaning
CAM Syllabus
Communicative Approach Method. The Structure
Linguistic variation is a core principle with tools and methodology.
Organized sequence determined by any reflection of - content
- function
- meaning
- Keep interest
Teachers help learners thoroughly, it motivates them to keep working and using target language.
Trial / error plays and important role in communication.
Communicative Competence
Communication is effective when:
- Speaking (Active),
- Reading (Active/Passive)
- Listening (Passive)
- Writing (Active)
Students are supposed to interact with:
- Classmates
- Other people
Working with:
- Pair groups
- Small groups
Primary Goal:
Fluency following acceptable language parameters.

- Accuracy is in CONTEXT, not in the ABSTRACT.
Communicative Goal




Sociolinguistic
Pragmatic
Linguistic
Communicative competence
communicative
Ability

This is a part of communicative competence that involves being able to use language in interpersonal relationships, taking into account such complexities as social distance and indirectness.
The ability to interpret the social meaning of the choice of linguistic varieties and to use language with the appropriate social meaning for the communication situation.
The ability to achieve personal goals in social interaction while simultaneously maintaining positive relationships with others over time and across settings
The ability to interact in English with
individuals of different intellectual backgrounds
The ability to create and understand sentences,
including sentences they have never heard before.
socio-cultural competence
social competence
pragmatic competence
socio-linguistic competence
linguistic competence
Communicative ability
Materials fall into three broad categories:
Text-based,
Task-based
Realia.
They can be used as the basis for classroom activities. Once again not only must the activity be appropriate to the level of the students but the materials used must be appropriate too.
Materials
Supplementary materials
Gap Fills
Recordings
Gap Fills
Reading passages
Practice exercises
Books / Lessons containing
Text-based materials
job interview
booking into a hotel
Examples
Support Realia
pair work tasks
materials for drilling
Role play cards
game boards
Include
Task-based materials
fruit and vegetables at shopping
i.e activity
magazines, newspapers, fruit and vegetables, axes, maps - things from the real world outside the classroom.
Realia
acquisition and fluency
Opportunities to produce
Practice
Instruction
Real language
communicate
Get students to
Teacher's job
What is communicative approach in practical terms?
Communication should be fostered from the beginning
Appropriate use of Native language is implemented when possible.
Translation, may be used only when students need or benefit from it.
Reading and writing can start from the very first day, if preferred.
The target language will be learned best by means of struggling to communicate, step by step process.
Communicative Approach tips
The English Teacher Vol.XXXIV
Scriven, M. & Paul, R. (1996). Defining critical thinking: A draft statement for the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking. [On-line].
Critical Thinking, McGraw-Hill
http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073386677/information_center_view0/
A Communicative Approach, KONTAKTE, McGraw-Hill.
http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073535338/information_center_view0/
References
THANK YOU
Full transcript