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WE DIDNT START THE FIRE
Transcript of WE DIDNT START THE FIRE
Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926, was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.
Marilyn spent much of her childhood in foster homes. Marilyn began a career as a model, which led to a film contract in 1946 with Twentieth Century-Fox. Her early film appearances were minor, but her performances in 'The Asphalt Jungle' and 'All About Eve', in 1950, drew attention. Her first leading role in ' Don't Bother to Knock' brought a lead in 'Niagara', that focused on her seductiveness. Her "dumb blonde" persona was used comendically infilms such as 'Gentlemen Prefer Blondes', 'How to Marry a Millionaire' and 'The Seven Year Itch' . She married playwright Arthur Miller the same year, divorcing him four years on. In the meantime, she fell prey to alcohol and pills, and suffered two miscarriages. She went into seclusion and on 5 August 1962, she was found dead at her home of an overdose of sleeping pills, aged 36. The verdict was suicide but has always been disputed, with countless conspiracy theories.
The Blonde Bombshell
The nuclear arms race was essential to the Cold War. The belief that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powerful you were incourged both America and Russia build up their massive stockpiles of nuclear weapons. USA exploded the H-bomb in 1952. The H-bomb was smaller in size than the Hiroshima atomic bomb but 2500 times more powerful. The Russians produced an H-bomb in 1953 and the world became a much more dangerous place.
After years of planning, Walt Disney's very first theme park Disneyland opened on Sunday July 17, 1955 in Anaheim, California. The park offered 5 themed lands with a total of 18 attractions. Disneyland
opened as invitation only on this day, given to studio workers, construction workers, the press and officials of company sponsors. The park opened to the general public the following day July 18. Because tickets to the grand opening were counterfeited, a more tehn 28,000 peoeple attended. The day was marked by many disasters, including a traffic jam, a shortage of food, and a gas leak in Fantasyland.
James Dean was born in 1931 and raised on a farm by his aunt and uncle in Fairmount, Indiana. After high school, he moved to New York to pursue his dream of acting. He received great reviews for his part in the New York production of Gide's "The Immoralist", earning him a trip to Hollywood. He had major roles in only three movies. In "East of Eden" (1955) he played Caleb, the 'bad' brother . His true starring role, the one which fixed his image forever in American culture, was that of the teenager Jim Stark in "Rebel Without a Cause" (1955). Edna Ferber's Giant (1956), in which he played Jett Rink who strikes it rich when he discovers oil, was just coming to a close when James Dean , collided with another car while on the road near Cholame, California on September 30, 1955. He was killed almost immediately from the impact from a broken neck. He was 24. His very brief career, violent death and highly publicized funeral transformed him into a cult object of apparently timeless fascination.
From 1945 on the Hungarians were under the control of Moscow. All wealth of any form was taken from Hungary by the Russians who showed their power by putting thousands of Russian troops and hundreds of tanks in Hungary. The Hungarian leader, Rakosi, was put in power by Stalin of Russia. When Stalin died in 1953 all people in Eastern Europe were given hope that they might be free from Soviet rule. In February 1956, the new Russian leader Khruschev made a attack on the dead Stalin and his policies and in July 1956 in a gesture to the Hungarians, Rakosi was forced to resign. The Hungarians had expected more but they did not get it. This situation, along with a bad harvest, fuel shortages , and a cold and wet autumn all created a volatile situation. On October 23rd 1956, students and workers took to the streets of Budapest ,the capital of Hungary, and issued their Sixteen Points which included personal freedom, more food, the removal of the secret police, the removal of Russian control along with other demands. At first some of the demands were met but On November 4th, Soviet tanks went into Budapest to restore order and they acted with brutality. Tanks dragged around bodies through the streets of Budapest as a warning to others who were still protesting. Hundreds of tanks went into Budapest and about 30,000 people were killed. Nearly 200,000 fled to the west leaving all their possessions in Hungary. By November 14th, order had been restored and Soviet rule was re-established.
Trouble in the Suez
Communists took control of China after a struggle that started before World War II and renamed the country the People's Republic of China. It was called Red China by the United States to indicate they were Communists. Red China entered the Korean War in the 1950s, when it looked like the U.N. forces would defeat Communist North Korea.
Albert Einstein developed the Theory of Relativity in 1903 and was considered one the world's smartest scientists. He became a popular figure in the later years of his life. Einstein came up with theories about light, matter, gravity, space, and time. He came up with the world’s most famous equation E = mc2. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. In Germany, when Hitler came to power, he began to imprison Jews. Einstein who was also a Jew had to leave Germany in 1933.
Einstein went to the United States and lived there with the help of the Advanced Academic Research Center at Princeton in the country. Einstein was granted American citizen in 1940. On 17 April 1955, Albert Einstein died at the age of 76..
Nine African-American students enrolled at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Governor Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to surround Central High School to keep the nine students from entering the school, because he believed black and whites should be segregated, despite Federal laws on integration. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure the safety of the students. The crisis gained world-wide attention.
.Charles Raymond "Charlie" Starkweather (November 24, 1938 – June 25, 1959 was an American teenaged spree killer who murdered eleven people in the states of Nebraska and Wyoming in a two-month murder spree committed between December 1957 and January 1958.. In all the murders committed in 1958, Starkweather was accompanied by his 14-year-old girlfriend, Caril Ann Fugate. Starkweather was executed seventeen months later; Caril Fugate served seventeen years in prison before her release from incarceration in 1976.
Children of Thalidomide
Thalidomide was a medication intended for pregnant women to combat morning sickness and as an aid to help them sleep. Unfortunately, inadequate tests were performed to assess the drug's safety. Between 1957 and 1962, children of women who took the drug thalidomide during pregnancy were born with severe deformities, including only stubs for arms. Because of this tragedy, the drug was taken off the market in 1962. Of the 10,000 children born with birth defects, only 5000 lived beyond childhood.
After years of research on the uses of thalidomide, it was allowed to be used to prevent nausea in chemotherapy patients, as well as treating painful skin conditions. In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval for thalidomide in special cases.
Ham was a chimpanzee and the first Hominidae launched into space, on 31 January 1961, as part of America's space program. Ham's name is an acronym for the lab which prepared him for his historic mission, the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center. The space monkey was sent up in an American space satellite as a prelude to sending a man in space. He was a mean little guy who would often try to bite the workers who put him in the space capsule.
On October 29, 1956, Israeli armed forces pushed into Egypt toward the Suez Canal after Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-70) nationalized the canal in July of that same year, satrting the Suez Crisis. The Israelis soon were joined by French and British forces, which nearly brought the Soviet Union into the conflict, and damaged their relationships with the United States. In the end, the British, French and Israeli governments withdrew their troops in late 1956 and early 1957.
The musical version of Peter Pan opened on October 20, 1954 at the Winter Garden Theater in New York for a planned limited run of 152 performances. The revised score and Tony Award-winning performances by Mary Martin, as Peter Pan , and Cyril Ritchard, as Captain Hook, made Peter Pan a success.
Elvis Aaron Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, on January 8, 1935. In 1954, Elvis began his singing career with the legendary Sun Records label in Memphis. In late 1955, his recording contract was sold to RCA Victor. By 1956, he was an international sensation. His sound and style that uniquely combined his diverse musical influences and challenged the social and racial barriers of the time. Elvis brought in a whole new era of American music and popular culture. He starred in 33 successful films, made history with his television appearances and specials, and had many of his often record-breaking, live concert performances on tour and in Las Vegas. Globally, he has sold over one billion records, more than any other artist. His American sales have earned him gold, platinum or multi-platinum awards. Known for his talent, good looks, and good humor, he is regarded as one of the most important figures of twentieth century popular culture. Elvis died at his Memphis home, Graceland, on August 16, 1977.
On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball, weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path. That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. The Sputnik launch marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race.
Woodstock Festival was a three-day concert, which turned into a fourth day, that involved lots of sex, drugs, and rock 'n roll, August 13 (two days before the Festival was to begin), there were already approximately 50,000 people camping near the stage. These early arrivals had walked right through the huge gaps in the fence where the gates had not yet been placed. Since there was no way to get the 50,000 people to leave the area in order to pay for tickets and there was no time to erect the numerous gates to prevent even more people from just walking in, the organizers were forced to make the event a free concert. Police had to turn away thousands of cars. It is estimated that about 500,000 people actually made it to the Woodstock Festival.
Wheel of Fortune is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin. The show features a competition in which contestants solve word puzzles, similar to those used in Hangman, to win cash and prizes determined by spinning a giant carnival wheel. Wheel premiered as a daytime series on NBC on January 6, 1975,
Wheel of Fortune
The Beatles were an English rock band that formed in Liverpool, in 1960. With John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, they became widely regarded as the greatest and most influential act of the rock era. In the early 1960s, their enormous popularity first emerged as "Beatlemania", The Beatles are the best-selling band in the United States, with 177 million certified units. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act.
The United States had been sending the secret U-2 high-flying spy plane over the Soviet Union to take pictures and gather information, when one was shot down by a Russian missile. The pilot Francis Gary Powers was taken prisoner and later released in an exchange for a Soviet spy who had been arrested in the U.S.
Psycho was a thriller movie directed by Alfred Hitchcock. A young woman, Marion Crane—played by Janet Leigh—steals some money from work and leaves town, getting a room at the Bates Motel. A shy man, Norman Bates—played by Anthony Perkins—runs the motel with his domineering mother.The most memorable scene is when the character Marion is stabbed to death while taking a shower, apparently by the mother. But in the end, it was Norman who was "psycho" and took on the character of the mother to kill women who stopped at the motel.