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Transcript of Augustan Age
He was introduced to poetry when he was 7 with Homer and the Iliad.
Wrote Ode on Solitude when he was only 12 years old and it was his first work.
He wrote Pastorals when he was 16, which gained him his recognition.
When he wrote The Rape of the Lock he became famous and it became his best well-known work.
He had Pott's disease, a form of tuberculosis, which stunted his growth and so he was no more than 4 1/2 feet tall. Alexander Pope By: Isabelle Iwen, Sara Hanson, Hannah Evavold & Maddie Brechlin Political Condition Daniel Defoe Richard Steele Joseph Addison Jonathan Swift Born: In Milston, Wiltshire on May 1, 1672 Literary Characteristics Education: Charterhouse School and then got his masters at Oxford He excelled in classics and used his poetry to further his political ambitions. Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660.
He became popular with the king after he published The True Born Englishman because it attacked those who were against a king of foreign birth.
Defoe wrote The Shortest Way with the Dissenters (1702), in which he ironically demanded the savage suppression of dissent. It was judged to be against the Anglican Church.
He was sent to Newgate Prison immediately after.
In 1703, he was employed by a government official as a spy.
He started the newspaper The Review, in which he reported on political and social issues. In 1699 he was rewarded with a grant of money that allowed him to tour European capitals, this helped his education and writing He was elected to Parliament in 1707. In 1709 Addison began to write for Tatler, a magazine edited by Steele, and two months later they wrote the Spectator under the joint editorship of Addison and Steele. Received an M.A. degree from Oxford
Priest of the Church of Ireland: Evangelican
Advocate of the Whig party until 1710, when he allied himself with the Torries
Suffered from Meniere's Disease, which eventually led him to his death in 1745
His great works included: Gulliver's Travels, Jonathan Swift: Poems, and A Modest Proposal and Other Satires Born: Dublin, Ireland in March 1672 Education: Charterhouse School and later Merton College in Oxford He was commissioned in 1697 and rose to captain in two years. He became member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1713 but was later expelled. He wrote the book The Christian Hero about his experiences serving the army, but it was highly criticized. Jonathan Swift Religious & Social Issues Alexander Pope's
Ode on Solitude Fourth Volume:
The Spectator. Fifth Volume:
And most Obedient,
THE Spectator. Sixth Volume:
Who is, with the greatest Truth
Your Lordships Obliged,
Obedient, and Humble Servant,
The Spectator. Example of the Spectator: The Augustan Age is generally regarded as a golden age, like the period of Roman History which had achieved political stability and power as well as a flourishing of the arts.
The term 'Augustan' refers to King George I's desire to be compared to the first Roman Emperor, Augustus Caesar, when poetry and the arts were supported and admired.
During George's reign the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister.
The political organization was hierarchical, hereditary and privileged. Thus elections were largely controlled by the powerful landowners and politicians who were more interested in bribing for winning their elections than in obtaining the vote of the citizens. His major works include: Robinson Crusoe (1719), Captain Singleton (1720), Journal of the Plague Year (1722), Captain Jack (1722), Moll Flanders (1722), and Roxanda (1724).
He published over 560 books and pamphlets and is considered to be the founder of British journalism. Satire was very popular in the Augustan Age. Daniel Defoe Augustan Age was characterized by the expansion of the middle class.
Methodism appeared in the poor classes due to the misery they were experiencing with the uneven distribution of wealth in society.
It was also referred to as the Age of Reason due to the focus on order, education, and discipline in society. It also focused on Realism. They habitually discussed specific policies, actions, persons of the time, and political ideas. Augustans were influenced by classical and biblical allusion. Literature focused on clarity and simplicity of expression.
People, places and objects were described in detail (realism).
In poetry there was a presence of uncommon and difficult words.
They presented frequent and exaggerated use of apostrophe. "I was born in the year 1632, in the city of York, of a good family, though not of that country, my father being a foreigner of Bremen who settled first at Hull. He got a good estate by merchandise and, leaving off his trade, lived afterward at York, from whence he had married my mother whose relations were named Robinson, a very good family in that country, and from whom I was called Robinson Kreutznaer; but by the usual corruption of words in England we are called, nay, we call ourselves, and write our name “Crusoe,” and so my companions always called me." Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe The End of the Augustan Age