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Integrating Sources Into Your Writing
Transcript of Integrating Sources Into Your Writing
Into Your Writing Source: The text read to gain information for your paper Key Terms Properly Introducing Your Source Creating a Citation Extra Tips Quote: Information taken verbatim from your source. Reference: Information that is paraphrased or summarized from your source. In-Text or Parenthetical Citation: Information included in parenthesis in the body of your written work that points to a citation on your works cited page. Citation: An entry on your works cited page that allows readers to look up the source you have used. Works Cited: List of sources at the end of your paper that allows readers to look up the sources you used. Since the point of using sources in your writing is to strengthen your arguments, points, or ideas, it is important to introduce your sources in your paper, letting your readers know why your source is credible and reliable. It is also important to let your readers know, upfront, that the following ideas were researched by you, not created by you before they get to the citation. Ex: Mike Rose, a nationally recognized authority on education, claims that learning is facilitated not by fear but be "hope, everyday heroics, the power and play of the human mind" (242). Discuss: How did the introduction of that quote enhance the argument? Would the author of this paper re-introduce Mike Rose every time he or she quoted him? In addition to Visconsi’s use of specific historical documents to analyze power in Shakespeare’s plays, Keyishian and Majeske use documents to analyze power in relation to punishment in the plays. Keyishian considers the writings of Henry de Bracton, a prominent jurist who thought punishment should be given with consideration of “motive, person, age, place, time, quality, and quantity” (Keyishian 447). Keyishian comes to the conclusion that, “unpardonable crimes in Shakespeare are distributed according to individual characters and their value systems” (Keyishian 455). Keyishian uses this view to explain the difference in punishments between Shakespeare’s comedies and tragedies, showing that in tragedies punishments are too harsh, eliciting our compassion and sympathy, and in comedies punishments are light, eliciting our mercy. Notice that the quote flows into the main body and language of the essay. The quote is analyzed. The reader is explicitly shown why the quote is used. No one ever memorizes how to create a citation. It is something that must be looked up for every type of source and style of formatting. Formatting styles include MLA (used for literature and language studies), APA (used for other subject areas like science), and Chicago style (used rarely). Besides your Harbrace chapter 40a, one great source for information on these styles is http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ . Exercise: Using your phone or one of the student computers to go to owl.english.purdue.edu or using your Harbrace, create a citation for Fahrenheit 451, Fever 1793, or your chosen text in the text book. Exercise: Write out the quote from your outline making sure to introduce it, flow it into your own writing style, and analyze it. Don't worry about citing correctly just yet. In-text Citations Now that you have a citation, let's work on how to create an in-text or parenthetical citation. When desegregation was attempted, it happened at the expense of and without the involvement of the black community. Cecelski states that, “white leaders routinely excluded black citizens and their concerns from the deliberations over the new unitary school systems” (32). The failure of Brown v Board of education to produce equitable learning experiences for all students is clear in today’s schools over fifty years later. Bell goes as far as to wonder “whether the long school desegregation effort was an unintended but nonetheless contributing cause of current statistical disparities that some critics angrily attribute to the continuing effects of racism” (180). Why is the author's name not included here? Notice the period goes after the in-text citation. When is a comma used before a quote?
In general, basic comma rules apply when using quotes. If your quote flows into your sentence without interrupting, you do not need a comma. If you use a speaker tag or the word "that," you probably want a comma. Finally, add in a correct in-text citation to your paragraph, and relish in your beautiful masterpiece of text incorporation! 1) Introduce your quote by giving the author's name and situation, job, or qualifications.
2) Include your quote, making it flow into the language of your introduction.
3) Analyze your quote by telling the reader what your quote is saying and why it is important.