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Transcript of Howard Gardner
8 Multiple Intelligences
Multiple Intelligences Theory
Born in 1943
From Scranton, PA
Parents were refugees of Nazi, Germany
As a child he was an avid reader and loved music
As an adolescent he was a gifted pianist
Gardner was a student at Harvard University
He began as a History major and later changed to a cognitive developmental psychology major
In 1986 he began to teach at Harvard Graduate School and began his role of project zero
Developed in 1983
Gardner believed that test scores were not efficient enough to determine an individuals intelligence.
The intelligence theory shows strengths and weaknesses of a child's learning ability.
Gardner defines intelligence as a "bio-physchological" potential that is drawn on within a culture for a variety of purposes.
There were 7 original intelligences established.
About the theory
Have activities that allow these students to move around frequently.
Use a hands-on approach where students can touch and feel objects.
Allow students to stand during instruction.
Play games or sports
Make use of numbers.
Implement graphic organizers, graphs, and timelines.
Play pattern and number games.
Have logic puzzles in centers.
Have activities for these learners to think logically.
Have activities that involve sequencing.
Use songs to learn material.
Create dances for subject matter.
Have a center where these learners can play instruments or listen to music.
Use visual aids.
Model activities for these learners.
Have students visualize ideas and use their imagination.
Have students brainstorm.
Have journal writing.
Play word games.
Have group readings.
Have class discussions.
Create group research projects.
Have team games and activities.
Have self esteem activities.
Encourage students to express their feelings.
Establish a center where quiet time is optional.
Relate material to nature.
Encourage students to observe.
Have students record their observations.
Have activities and lessons outside.
Collect and classify objects from nature.
Example of Multiple Intelligences in a classroom
How would you add the 8 intelligences to your classroom?
What does Gardner's theory mean for educators and how important is it?
People with this type of intelligence:
Usually participate in sports
Have good motor skills
Are aware of their body
Have good hand-eye coordination
This non verbal intelligence usually includes individuals that:
are abstract thinkers
manipulate numbers, quantities, and operations
have the ability to think logically, reason, and identify patterns
have an ability to understand rhythm, pitch, and tone.
are able to hear and recognize patterns and remember them.
love music and rhythms
Descriptions of this intelligence include people that:
can visualize objects from any angle and have ease in assessing space.
enjoy drawing, painting, and visual arts
This intelligence includes types of people that:
have the ability to understand, appreciate, and respect nature.
interact well with animals and are nurturing.
People with this type of intelligence:
have an understanding and ability in language and literacy
enjoy reading, writing, and learning languages.
have highly developed auditory skills.
This intelligence includes people that:
have the ability to understand and differentiate people
thrive in social interactions
empathizes with others
understand how to communicate
Characteristics of this intelligence
include people that:
have the ability to understand themselves
involved in their inner thoughts and emotions.