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History of Turkish Electoral System
Transcript of History of Turkish Electoral System
Electoral Systems "rules of distributing seats to parties considering distribution of votes across parties" Formulae Majoritarian Formulae Consequences "the set of methods for translating the citizens’ votes into representatives’ seats” (Lijphart, 1994: 1) Electoral Systems Formulae Magnitude Threshold Simple Plurality: First Past the Post Two Ballots Alternative Vote
(Ware) number of MPs to be elected in one district Magnitude Effective Threshold T(%)=%50/M Majoritarian D'Hondt minimum number of votes to be represented in the parliament Threshold Proportional Formulae D'Hondt
(Highest Averages) Largest Remainders Single Transferrable Vote An STV election proceeds according to the following steps:
Any candidate who has reached or exceeded the quota is declared elected.
If a candidate has more votes than the quota, that candidate's surplus votes are transferred to other candidates.
Votes that would have gone to the winner instead go to the next preference listed on their ballot.
If no one new meets the quota, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and that candidate's votes are transferred.
This process repeats until either a winner is found for every seat or there are as many seats as remaining candidates. Representativeness Rae's I Stability Effective Number of Parties Consequences