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Human Rights

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Lo Kiz

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Human Rights

Aurora Uganda Sudan Amnesty International was created in 1961 by a British lawyer named Peter Benenson How it all began? Benenson always spoke out about the injustice to “prisoners of conscience” Was very passionate and believed that pressuring public opinion to be able to bring awareness to the injustices happening all over the world Non-profit, independent international organization What is Amnesty International? Try and focus world attention to violations against human rights Working to protect human rights all around the world Has more than one million people and supporters in over 140 countries and territories All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1 Canada Afghanistan Example 1 THE INDIVIDUAL THE
COLLECTIVE The Anti-Homosexuality Bill This bill will now make homosexuality not only a criminal offence but if convicted of the offence "aggravated homosexuality" a person can face the death penalty If this bill is passed, it would "entrench" hatred and discrimination against those who are or are believed to be lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) Their vision? "A world in which every person enjoys all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments." World leaders adopted the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” on December 10th, 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights Amnesty still holds on to that hope and uses the Declaration as a basis of their organization The leaders hoped that the horrors of the war that just ended would never happen again “Afghanistan’s Parliament must delay its vote to appoint a new national intelligence director until it carries out a thorough and transparent investigation into claims of his involvement in numerous alleged acts of torture and other grave human rights violations,” Amnesty International said.  Canadian officials accused Khalid of torturing political opponents when he was governor of Kandahar Province a few years back. Afghan parliament approved the nomination of Assadullah Khalid as the new head of the National Security Directorate (NDS), the Afghan intelligence and security service On September 15th, 2012 the vote was held Khalid has been linked to numerous cases of torture and unlawful killings in the past decade while he served as Governor of Afghanistan’s Ghazni and Kandahar provinces.  Asadullah
Khalid Unusual Qualifications Amnesty claims that Sudan’s police is using “excessive force” to stop protests The Minister of Justice stated that he would set up an inquiry to investigate what happened 100 students were wounded on December 11th, 2012 The police violently beat protesters and used tear gas to arrest protesters Show of Force "In the past, the government had failed to conduct impartial investigations" Over five years ago, on July 20, 2005, Canada’s same-sex marriage law, or Bill C-38 was signed into law, allowing same-sex couples to marry nation-wide (several provinces had already legalized same-sex marriage beginning in 2003). Section 65 of the  Canada Elections Act lists categories of individuals that are prohibited from being candidates in an election. They include those convicted of a corrupt or illegal practice under the Act within the previous five years; those currently imprisoned in correctional institutions... Section 7 guarantees the life, liberty and personal security of all Canadians. It also demands that governments respect the basic principles of justice whenever it intrudes on those rights.
Section 2 states that everyone has the following fundamental freedoms: Freedom of association. Freedom of peaceful assembly Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication Freedom of conscience and religion INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING The United Nations is an international organization of various countries around the world who share the common goal of solving world issues and creating world peace

The UN was formed on January 1st 1942

The UN became official in 1945 when the United Nations Charter was signed

The UN has 193 member countries United Nations What is Peacekeeping Peacekeeping - Of or relating to the preservation of peace, especially the supervision by international forces of a truce between hostile nations. - Peacekeeping began in 1948 in the Middle East
- There has been 67 international peace keeping missions
- There has been peacekeepers from over 120 countries around the world
- 3000 peace keepers have died since 1948
- UN goal is to keep peace between two conflicted sides
- UN soldiers are lightly armed and unarmed soldiers
- The goal is to bring peace and confidence building between the conflicting sides
- In 1988 UN Peacekeepers were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
- Peace keepers are instructed to monitor and observe Background Missions - In 1993 the UN stepped in to help resolve the issues of the Rwandan civil war
- The violence was between the Hutu government and the Tutsi Rebels
- The result of this was a genocide left between 500,000 to 1,000,000 people dead
2548 Peacekeepers were sent
- Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Germany, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, India, Jordan, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Zambia and Zimbabwe all contributed
- A total of 27 peacekeepers and personnel were killed
- $453.9 million dollars was spent during this mission
- In March 1996 the sides reached an agreement and the mission was over UNAMIR
United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 1.
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” - The universal declaration of human rights came into effect on December 10th 1948; the purpose of the bill was to give everyone a set of basic rights
- The bill consist of 30 articles ranging from personal to political rights and freedoms
- The majority of missions are to keep civilians safe protect rights and freedoms
- The Declaration is very similar to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms CANADIAN
PEACEKEEPING - Example of authority and power in Amnesty international is the Palestinian authority because of the authority they have over other people, in a sense of trying to control the people. Authority & Power - Amnesty International plays a role in rights and duties because it is an organization focused on human rights and helping and supporting human rights. The organization feels that it’s their right to keep our society a whole and to support human rights the best they can. Rights & Duties/Humanity - Morality is important in amnesty international because it is what society feels is right and is helping it. An example of how people presume amnesty international to be morally correct is in the below section. Morality - There are many forms of equality in amnesty international because it brings people together and treats people as equals Equality RELATIONSHIPS TO CONCEPTS OF LAW:
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL - new campaign against internet censorship and repression, by information-technology companies as well as by governments. - “full spectrum” - dramatic events in Egypt and the Middle East & North Africa are examples of how equality is associated with amnesty international - Palestinian Authority Human Rights Concerns is an example of authority and power
- Head of Palestinian Authority: Mahmoud Abbas
- Head of government: Salam Fayyad
- Death penalty: retentionist
- Population: 4.2 million
- Life expectancy: 72.8 years
- Under-5 mortality: 29.5 per 1,000
- Adult literacy: 94.6 per cent It was suggested that the peacekeeping would help replace or give an alternate solution to fighting in a war Canada’s role in peacekeeping began in the 1950’s when Lester B. Pearson, a Canadian ambassador of the United Nations, suggested that the organization should create a peacekeeping force Lester B. Pearson The first United Nations peacekeeping mission was in 1948, just before Pearson came up with the idea, but the first established peacekeeping mission was in 1956 In 1948, the UN was sent to supervise and cease fire between Israel and its Arab neighbors, after the War of Independence Founded in… In 1956, the Egyptian president, Abdal Nasser, nationalized the Suez Canal The conflict with Nasser nationalizing the canal was that ships that wanted to use it would have to pay a toll The two sides involved the Egyptians and then the Brits, French and Israelites But this event grabbed global attention, possibly involving the Soviet Union and United States And this is where Lester B. Pearson announced his proposal Since then, Canadians have been the face of the peacekeeping operations History Canadian peacekeeping has been involved in over 30 missions, and many peacekeeping soldiers have lost their lives The United Nations undertook peacekeeping in Rwanda in 1993 and later ended in 1996 Rwanda The UN did what they could to evacuate the citizens of Rwanda but they were to little in number to prevent what was the worst Because on a limited mandate, in 1994, what would later be known as the Rwanda Genocide, occurred The United Nations were going into Rwanda hoping that this would only be a conflict where they had to separate two parties, but in 1994 a nightmare occurred Two Canadians served as commanders of the United Nations
Major-General Roméo Dallaire and Major-General Guy Tousignant Canadians were sent in 2001 after the tragic even of 9/11 Afghanistan Pigott explains to the reader on what’s to come in the following years of 2009 and onward The number of Canadian troops doubled from 600 to 1200 after being re-located to a high assignment in the Kandahar province in 2005 In 2004, Canada provided Afghanistan with $250 million dollars in order to aid the country In 2003, Canadian would help the citizens of Afghanistan by rebuilding areas to provide assistance Canadian soldiers, shortly after, began to increase in early 2002 Canadian peacekeeping treats everyone in every country equally Equality Canada has served in over thirty peacekeeping missions in more than thirty different countries In 1956, Canadian Peacekeepers were sent in order to, as the mandate states, “secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities.” This says that the UN and Canadian peacekeepers were to go in and end all conflicts and come to a conclusion that everyone agrees on This shows that the peacekeepers didn’t choose a side and agree with that side, they formed plan and adjusted to it the way the two parties would both agree on This is a conflict law that Canadian Peacekeepers try and stop Humanity Although, the UN and Canadian forces were unable to completely eliminate all murders in Rwanda, they did what they could do under there mandate Canadians were sent to Rwanda to solely protect and help the citizens of Rwanda safe A perfect example where Canadian Peacekeeping made an effort to provide, facilitate, and secure humanitarian relief was the peacekeeping mission in Rwanda = Canada = Rest of World Egypt Israel
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