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Byzantine and Persian Empires
Transcript of Byzantine and Persian Empires
- 285-1453 AD
- Catholic faith evolves into Greek Orthodox Faith
- Religious persecution, disease, corruption weaken Empire
- Wars against Catholic Europe and Muslim Arabs and Turks end the Empire Byzantine Empire - Similar to Catholicism, separated in 1054
- No Pope, led by a synod of Bishops and the Patriarch in Istanbul
- Greek culture and language
- Heavy use of icons
- Around 300 million followers Greek Orthodox - Centralized structure
- Rigid classes: Nobles, Priests, Warriors, Secretaries, Commoners
- Basis for Islamic Art and Architecture
- Zoroastrianism - good vs evil gods Sassanid Culture - Heraclitus invades 627 - takes Mesopotamia
- 628 - Persian King assassinated
- 628-632: Civil War
- 632: Muslim invasion
- Heavy taxes, religious unrest,
strong lords, civil war
- 651 - Last King killed The End Sassanid Empire - 224-651 AD
- Succeeds Parthian Empire
- Iranian Empire - based in Iran
- Constant warfare with Byzantine Empire Non-Islamic Empires of the Middle East Byzantines and Persians Homework: 1. What were the strengths of the Byzantine and Sassanid Empires?
2. What were the weaknesses?