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Firestone Tire Company, Akron, Ohio
Transcript of Firestone Tire Company, Akron, Ohio
First off, what is migration?
It was thought that movement was based exclusively on food.
They go to the moon to avoid the winter season. (Anonymous London 1703)
Problem with these theories: They are obviously simple explanation for a complex phenomenon.
1. Maximize the net daily gain of energy.
2. Minimizing the amount of time spent resting.
3. Minimizing the daily energetic cost.
4. Maximizing the ratio of grossing daily energetic gain to daily energetic cost.
(The Ecology of Migration)
Under different circumstances of the alternative hypothesis would be more appropriate.
E.G. Pre-migration or Breeding.
In connection to human migration
Emigration, the act of leaving a geographic location for another.
Immigration, the act of settling in a new geographic place from another.
Reasons for migration:
Violence, better living conditions, economic opportunities, education, environment, food.
Irish Great Famine
1845-1852, with an economic and political system of dominance over Ireland, England created the framework of a man made famine not unlike the collective farming system of the Soviet Union in the twentieth century.
Varying by the year, Ireland lost 45%-85% of its population for America.
Most of which settled in New York City, Chicago, Boston, and Cleveland.
Post War Germany in the Midst of the Cold War
From 1945-1962, East Germany lost about 3 million, almost 20% of it's population to West Germany because of higher wages, better living conditions, and a free society.
The reason the wall was erected was to stop the flow of these refugees to avoid the collapse of East Germany because of a massive brain drain.
Cleveland: The arrival of immigrants
1802: 76 men over the age of 21 (voters).
Population steadily increased in the city and the county
1830: Cleveland population was 1,075, which was 5 years after the prosperous Erie Canal was finished.
1900: 381,768 as the 7th largest city in the nation.
1950: 914,808, still the 7th largest city.
Cleveland started a steady decline of the urban population we still have today at 396,815 in 2010 as the 45th largest.
The Irish Flats in Ohio City is no longer existing as a community but it's left its mark at St. Malachi's Parish.
"Big Italy" used to stand outside of downtown where Tri-C currently has its campus.
Slavic Village houses many Eastern European immigrants not wholly from Slavic nations including Hungary, Poland, Austria, and The Ukraine.
Most of these peoples were attracted to economic benefit of working in the steel and oil industry on the Cuyahoga River.
While migrating, birds eat seeds to germinate plants along the migration routes. Insects live in certain plants which then in turn feed land mammals creating a balanced ecosystem.
Birds match the biomes of both of their homelands, even if they are across the hemisphere.
Through their diet of seeds, they make their new territory similar to their homeland.
They find a niche and both fundamentally adapt to it and adapt it to their use.
Diet is the base of the ecosystem. Depending on insect mandibles, this determines where it is in the plant, making access to it by birds harder or easier.