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Alfred Adler And Karen Horney

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faizan nadeem

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of Alfred Adler And Karen Horney

Alfred Adler & Karen Horney By: Faizan Nadeem, Tenzin Younten, Quincy Yee, Niki Sos Karen Horney Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Alfred's Theory Personal behaviour -Adler said that kids develop a certain degree of social interest as a result of the way they are brought up.

-Kids develop with the knowledge and understanding they gain from their parents and friends and family and use those understandings to function in a society. -Even though not all people are brought up and thought the same way there is a lot relation they gain from contact with others and self-knowledge they gain from knowing and discipline and that helps them to be a member of society and, allow them to survive in nature.
-The word Adler used to refer basic motivation was compensation, or striving to overcome.
-Perfect self
- Individuals have a unique way of life, some negative and some positive.
-Carl and Adler worked on some theories together.
-The Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology.
-Types of people, he studied.
-Four main types of people
-The ruling type, the getting type, the avoiding types, the socially useful type. -Born on February 7, 1870, and died on May 28th 1937, in Aberdeen Scotland.
-Did not walk until he was four.
-Alfred almost died of pneumonia at the age of 5.
-He was very popular, outgoing, and involved scholar.
-Married in 1897, four children, two of them became psychiatrists.
- Medical career as an ophthalmologists. -Adler believed that a person's behaviour is motivated by a desire to achieve success or superiority. This is often moderated by social environments


-Adler developed a theory that all people are born weak and try to resolve the feeling by overcoming this weakness. Social Interest Relations Personal Behaviour Observations Alfred's Early Days Adler’s Beliefs His Theory -Inferiority complex. He described this as feelings of lack of worth.
- Inferiority complex tends to lack social interest; instead they are self-interested and what they believe to be their flaw.
-"We all wish to overcome difficulties. We all strive to reach a goal by the attainment of which we shall feel strong, superior, and complete"
-Superiority complex. (when a person tried to conquer their thought by suppressing their existing feelings.)
-People were constantly trying to overcome their feelings. Inferiority Complex. -One basic desire and goal:
to belong and to feel significant.

-When we feel encouraged, and when we are discouraged. -His theory has proven productive to the growth
and development of children. "A misbehaving child is a discouraged child" -Adler later observed various
families and cultural environments
as well as children choices. -People adapted to the cultural
and environmental impact around
them and what they are subjected to. -Adler considered psychic development
to be a formation of unconscious
life plan/ life style. Similarities Differences Headlessproffessor. (n.d.) Adler. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From
Ken Tangen. (n.d.) If You Know Nothing About Personality 04: Adler. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From

Molly Fisher. (May 2001). Alfred Adler. Psychological History. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/adler.htm

Dr. C. George Boeree. (n.d.). ALFRED ADLER. Alfred Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/adler.html

Adler Graduate School. (n.d.). Alfred Adler. Alfred Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://www.alfredadler.edu/about/theory

Ed. Alain de Mijolla. (2005). Inferiority, Feeling of (individual Psychology). Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d63&tabID=T003&searchId=R3&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=4&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3435300701&&docId=GALE|CX3435300701&docType=GALE

Ed. Bonnie Strickland. (2001). Adler, Alfred. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d63&tabID=T003&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3406000021&&docId=GALE|CX3406000021&docType=GALE Work Cited Headlessproffessor. (n.d.) Adler. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From

Ken Tangen. (n.d.) If You Know Nothing About Personality 04: Adler. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From

Molly Fisher. (May 2001). Alfred Adler. Psychological History. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/adler.htm

Dr. C. George Boeree. (n.d.). ALFRED ADLER. Alfred Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/adler.html

Adler Graduate School. (n.d.). Alfred Adler. Alfred Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://www.alfredadler.edu/about/theory

Ed. Alain de Mijolla. (2005). Inferiority, Feeling of (individual Psychology). Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d63&tabID=T003&searchId=R3&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=4&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3435300701&&docId=GALE|CX3435300701&docType=GALE

Ed. Bonnie Strickland. (2001). Adler, Alfred. Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d63&tabID=T003&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3406000021&&docId=GALE|CX3406000021&docType=GALE

Ed. Alain de Mijolla. (2005). Adler, Alfred (1870-1937). Adler. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d63&tabID=T003&searchId=R2&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=10&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3404700061&&docId=GALE|CX3404700061&docType=GALE Andy Luttrell. (Oct 10, 2009). The Personality Theory of Alfred Adler. Exploring the Human Desire to Strive for Success in a Social World. Retrieved October 2, 2012. From http://suite101.com/article/the-personality-theory-of-alfred-adler-a157755 -Both scientist studied people.

-Considered both sex to be equal in one way or another.

-Thought that people change their ways from experience.

-Researched how men and women acted against each other

-Both disagreed with Freud’s theory -Alfred studied children where Horney studied women.

-Alfred examined people where as Karen expressed her personal experience.

-Alfred didn’t spend much time on women but Karen did.

-Karen didn’t find the difference in people where Alfred classified them into 4 groups.

-Karen didn’t study behaviour and Alfred did.

-Alfred studied how the environment impacts a person way of habit where as Karen didn’t. Karen Horney Quincy Yee & Niki Sos Early Life/Background Pioneer in the study of feminine psychology
Battled depression
Strict father
University of Berlin/University of Freiberg
Taught for two years (Berlin Institute of Psychoanalysis)
Suicidal thoughts due to brother's death
Left husband in 1926
Cofounded the American Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1942
Questioned several Freudian theories especially those concerning sexuality Freud Horney Freud vs. Horney Penis Envy Womb Envy Culture causes neurosis Culture prevents neurosis People do not change/grow People can change/grow Avoids self-realization Seeks self-realization Deny problems Face problems Feminine Psychology/Womb Envy theory Psychology - dominated by men
Believed it was not natural for women to be passive
Women were raised and taught to be this way by society/culture
"The Problem of Feminine Masochism" explained how women are raised to be dependent on men
Explained the intense pressure that women have to please men, women are defined by their husbands and families
Husband-wife vs. parent-child
"Self-help" book for women
Self awareness leads to strength "Womb Envy" "Penis Envy" - Freud's theory
Horney disagreed
Found it to be demeaning and untrue
Believed that women were only envious of the power that men have, but did not want to "BE" them "Womb Envy" cont. •Believed in “womb envy” instead
•Meaning men are unconsciously envious of women
•(For their abilities to bear children, breast feed, etc.)
•Men have a strong tendency to belittle women because of this
•Personal experiences influenced this theory
•Men see their mothers as nurturing, loving, etc.
•Act envious because they don’t believe they cannot act similarly
•Make up for lack of “motherhood”, selflessness, by setting up a certain structure Works Cited Boeree, D. C. G. (1997, 2006). Karen horney . Retrieved from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/horney.html (internet source)
Strickland, B. (2001). "Horney, Karen." The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology (2nd ed., pp. 311-312). Detroit: Gale Virtual Reference Library. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3406000318&v=2.1&u=ko_k12hs_d63&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w (school database)
McWilliams, N. R. (2012). Horney, Karen. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 5th, 2012, from Grolier Online http://gme.grolier.com/article?assetid=0141580-0 (school database)
Krapp, K. (2005). Horney, Karen Clementine: Psychologists and their theories for students. (Vol. 1, pp. 175-200). Detroit: Gale Virtual Reference Library. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3456300018&v=2.1&u=ko_k12hs_d63&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w (print source)
Langenderfer , G. (1999, May). Karen horney. Retrieved from http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/horney.htm Individual Psychology -Four aspects: the development of personality, striving towards superiority, psychological health, and the unity of personality. His Individual Psychology theory is based on a humanistic model of man.

The basic concepts are:

1.Holism.

2.Field Theory.

3.The Creative Self.

4.Life-Style. Adler wrote, "Every individual represents a unity of personality and the individual then fashions that unity. The individual is thus both the picture and the artist. Therefore if one can change one's concept of self, they can change the picture being painted."
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