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Canada Between 1713 to 1800

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Kas Tety

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Canada Between 1713 to 1800

Canada Between 1713 to 1800
By Kas Tety
The Natives gave furs French and in return the French gave alcohol to try and make the Natives drunk and use it to their advantage. The Natives got tricked and then the French were able to make Natives give even more fur for alcohol. During this time, Natives lost of furs which was a very valuable trading good at the time.

Significant Events
between the 1713 to 1800
French tricking Natives
The Treaty of Utrecht was a series of treaties to keep peace between many European countries such as Spain, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Savoy and the Dutch Republic. The main reason of this treaty was mostly to keep peace between France and Britain, who were major rivals. France gave Britain Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay Companies territory on Rupert's Land and the Acadian territory of Novascotia. France was in need of the treaty or else Britain would invade New France and take over the land.
The Treaty of Utrecht
The Seven Years' War
The Seven Years' (French and Indian war) was a world wide war. It officially began when England declared war on France, but however, fighting and skirmishes between England and France had been going on in North America for years. In the early 1750s, French expansion into the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought France into armed conflict with the British colonies. In 1756 the first official year of fighting in the Seven Years War occurred, the British suffered a series of defeats against the French and their Native American alliances. However, in 1757, British Prime Minister William Pitt recognized the potential of
imperial expansion
that would come out of victory against the French and borrowed heavily to pay for the costs of an expanded war effort. Spanish attempts to aid France but failed, and France suffered defeats against British. The war ended when the treaty of Paris was signed by Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America
Developments in the 1713 to 1800
British Trading Posts
The Treaty of Utrecht was a series of treaties to keep peace between many European countries, and one of those treaties was with the French and British. Near the end of the treaty, French has some of Hudson’s Bay company land and gave it to the Britain who owned the Hudson’s Bay Company. British were then able to make trading posts along the Hudson Bay to trade with the First Nations. The deep-water trading posts gave the British traders easy access to the richest fur country of all, and a great advantage over the French.


People and their impact in the 1713 to 1800
Segregation
A number of different techniques were used by the French and British colonial authorities to racially segregate cities in Africa. Madagascar, Congo, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. This cause people in all these cities to have harsh life, having to live on their own. If anyone tried to do something about the segregation, they would get punished even harder.
Language in New France
After the 7 years' war ended, British were able to take over New France causing a whole new experience in New France. People in New France had to speak English and follow the English culture. If it wasn't for British taking over New France and changing everything to a more English life style, we might perhaps not be speaking English now.
Fur Trade
HBC (The Hudson's Bay Company)was a big part of the fur trade. They kept fur trades and controlled throughout Britain and North America. The First Nation had a really good relationship with HBC since they were trappers and got lots of fur out of that. The First Nations middleman collected furs and brought them to the forts of HBC to trade them for rifles, pots ammunition, cloths, needles, axes, knives and muskets. This changed the First Nation's economy, since now they could get their goods by just trading with the HBC
Scurvy verse Britain
When the Europeans arrived, First Nations were eager to trade furs for metal knives, axe heads, pots, needles, muskets, cloth, and glass beads.
The trade goods were quickly spread along First Nations' traditional trade routes, and the fur trade expanded fast. There was fierce competition, between the French and British and their First Nations in North America, often leading to warfare. This caused First Nations to have a difficult trading process with the British, until the 1763
where the Treaty of Paris was signed to keep peace mainly between France and Britain


David Thompson was the greatest land geographer who ever lived. He worked with the Hudson’s Bay Company for 13 years trading fur for the Hudson's Bay Company. He then quit and joined the North West Company as a surveyor and mapmaker. Over time Thompson explored and mapped 3.9 million square kilometers of North America. His discover helped the North West Company and helped us map out North America.

David Thompson
Canada in the 1713 to 1800
Thank you for listening to my presentation on Canada between 1713 to 1800!
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