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How Plastic Changed The World

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by

Eric Lin

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of How Plastic Changed The World

How Plastic Changed
The World The production of
plastic started when
a particular Englishman
called Alexander Parkes
invented the fully synthetic
plastic in 1855. He presented it at the 1862 Great
International Exhibition in
London.Even though he never
managed to become rich with
his inventions, his creation of
synthetic plastic called
Parkesine sparked the minds
of countless inventors,
who tirelessly worked
to perfect the new formulas. The space industry and medicine have also found critical uses for plastic. Scientists continued to find new applications for plastics—in products such as compact disks (CDs), computer diskettes, outdoor furniture, and personal computers (PCs). The material has become essential to modern life. . plastic produces carbon dioxide
. can cause cancer
. creates a waste problem.
. it comes from petroleum, which is in diminishing supply and more expensive every day
. Each year, more than 26 billion plastic water bottles are thrown away, and of those, less than 15 percent are recycled.
. The production of plastic bottles is incredibly taxing on resources, including water Negative . plastic is waterproof
. can be recycled
. can be molded
. it is light
. easy to carry things in plastic bags
. Plastic bags are durable, reusable and cheap
. Scientists estimate it will take 500 to 1,000 years for each plastic bag to degrade.
. The contents of plastic garbage bags in garbage dumps are partly protected from decomposure
. you can convert oil into plastic and its carbon stays put for several thousand years.
. Create More Jobs Positive Bye and don't
let plastic
destroy the world! In 1909, Bakelite plastic was introduced. Over the next three decades the plastics industry grew. Acrylic, nylon, polystyrene, and vinyl were developed in the 1930s, and polyesters were produced in the 1940s. By the end of the twentieth century plastic was being used in nearly all manufactured products: from household items such as hosiery, clocks, radios, toys, flooring, food containers, bags, electric plugs, and garden hoses, to commercial uses such as automobile bodies and parts, airplane windows, boat hulls, packaging, and building materials. Life Without Plastic Life without plastic could be a nightmare for some people and can also be a dream come true for nature lovers. For children it would be a nightmare because there would be no computers, chips, toys etc. Without the invention of plastic there wouldn't be plastic surgery, plastic bottles, modern lights or even
air conditioning! Life would be miserable. Ways to Reduce Plastic Use . Make a compost heap to reduce your food waste
. Use real silverware for parties instead of plastic
. Use rechargeable batteries to reduce buying batteries packaged in plastic
. Use a reusable cloth bag or old fashioned steel lunch box to carry your lunch to work or school
. Use baby bottles made of glass
. Bring your own bag to all stores you shop in and say "no bag"
. Compost your trash, reduce your use of plastic trash bags
. Clean with baking soda and vinegar instead of cleaners packaged in plastic
. Buy laundry detergent in boxes, not liquid in plastic containers
. Don't buy convenience foods packages in plastic Alexander Parkes was born in Birmingham, England, on December 29, 1813 as a son of brass lock manufacturer. After testing interesting properties of natural rubber, Alexander started forming an idea of developing fully synthetic formula for a building material that could be easily molded and shaped when heated.In 1885, Alexander created first man made plastic by dissolving cellulose nitrate in alcohol and camphor containing ether. The resulting substance was transparent and easily molded when hot, but retained hardness while cold.
Alexander Parkes died on 29 June 1890. Alexander's Facts fdgre Fact The word plastic
came from Greece,
and means "able to
be molded". . plastic is made out of oil
. Alexander Parkes holds a total of 66
patents.
. The Bic pen is made of polystyrene plastic and was first manufactured in 1950.
. The first form of plastic molding was casting.
. It takes only five recycled two liter bottles to make enough fiberfill for one ski jacket.
. It takes about 1000 recycled milk jugs to make a six foot park bench. Facts By Eric Lin
Full transcript