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What is ART?
Transcript of What is ART?
is the expression or application of
human creative skills
and imagination, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty and emotional power.
are, so, the various branches of creative activity.
(from Oxford Dictionary)
Art is fun!
Art is everywhere
is the the art or practice of shaping figures or designs in the round or in relief, as by chiseling marble, modeling clay, or casting in metal
is both the process and product of planning, designing, and construction, usually of buildings and other physical structures
are art forms that create works that are primarily visual in nature
is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface, the support base
Painting & Drawing
But are they the only kinds of art?
Creative form of expression
Feelings and Emotions
Country with the highest percentage of cultural properties in the world (UNESCO)
Art of Ancient Rome
VIII Century BC
(II Century BC) -
IV Century AD
and major cultural centers in the empire
: Structures that have a Public Utility (Streets, Aqueducts, Bridges, Baths...)
Art intended as a mean to exalt the greatness of the
and of the
Cities built with chessboard plant
Apollodorus of Damascus
Apollodoro di Damasco: Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor who flourished during the 2nd century AD, from Damascus, in Roman Syria. He worked for emperor Trajan.
XI - XII Century AD
Fusion between the
Roman and Bizantine
Thick Walls, Round Arches, Sturdy piers, Large towers, and Decorative Arcading
Burgs, Cathedrals, Churches
XII - XIV
In cities new Cathedrals and Palaces (public and private) appeare
Ogival arches, Groin Vaults, High buildings, Great Windows
Art of 1400 and Renaissance
XV - XVI Centuries
Born in Florence, it represented a
of Roman and Greek culture
Important roles of courts, where the most important artists from all the country where hosted:
Contemporary knowledge + Ancient culture
Arena di Verona, Verona
Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci
Birth of Venus, Botticelli
A lot of characters signed this period: Brunelleschi, Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Donatello, Piero della Francesca, Botticelli, Raphael...
The greatest innovation brought in this period was the introduction of perspective by Brunelleschi and its application in painting by the various artists.
Industrial Innovations, Exaltation of Modernity, Refusing the Past, Belief in the Future and technologies
Key Point: Representation of Movement
XVII Century: Italy and in particular Rome
Art is commissioned by the Catholic Church
Contrasts: Games of shadows and Lights
Main Characters: Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Caravaggio
End of the XIII century - Beginning of the XIX century
Inspired by the classical canons of beauty: Archeological Discoveries
Architecture: Giuseppe Pier Marini, La Scala in Milan
Sculpture: Antonio Canova
Palazzo Zuccari, Roma
I WANT YOU...
Italian Art Now