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What is ART?

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by

Edoardo Maria Filippini

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of What is ART?

What is
ART
?

Definition
ART
is the expression or application of
human creative skills
and imagination, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty and emotional power.
Arts
are, so, the various branches of creative activity.
(from Oxford Dictionary)
Art is fun!
Arcimboldi
Art is everywhere
Villa Farnese
Visual Arts
Sculpture
Sculpture
is the the art or practice of shaping figures or designs in the round or in relief, as by chiseling marble, modeling clay, or casting in metal
Architecture
Architecture
is both the process and product of planning, designing, and construction, usually of buildings and other physical structures
The
Visual Arts
are art forms that create works that are primarily visual in nature
Painting
is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface, the support base
Painting & Drawing
Other examples...
Ceramics
Printmaking
Design
Photography
Film-making
But are they the only kinds of art?
ART
Visual Arts
(listed before)
Culinary Art
Literature
Music
Creative form of expression
Feelings and Emotions
Country with the highest percentage of cultural properties in the world (UNESCO)
Art of Ancient Rome
VIII Century BC
(II Century BC) -
IV Century AD

Rome
and major cultural centers in the empire
Main Features
Practical Characteristics
: Structures that have a Public Utility (Streets, Aqueducts, Bridges, Baths...)
Art intended as a mean to exalt the greatness of the
Empire
and of the
Imperators
Cities built with chessboard plant
Apollodorus of Damascus
Apollodoro di Damasco: Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor who flourished during the 2nd century AD, from Damascus, in Roman Syria. He worked for emperor Trajan.

Romanesque Art
XI - XII Century AD
Italy and
Europe
Main Features
Fusion between the
Roman and Bizantine
buildings
Thick Walls, Round Arches, Sturdy piers, Large towers, and Decorative Arcading
Burgs, Cathedrals, Churches
Gothic Art
XII - XIV
Centuries AD
France
,
Germany
and other
European Countries
(Italy)
Main Features
In cities new Cathedrals and Palaces (public and private) appeare
Ogival arches, Groin Vaults, High buildings, Great Windows

Art of 1400 and Renaissance
XV - XVI Centuries
Italy:
Florence
Main Features
Born in Florence, it represented a
"Renaissance"
of Roman and Greek culture
Important roles of courts, where the most important artists from all the country where hosted:
Contemporary knowledge + Ancient culture


Colosseum, Rome
Arena di Verona, Verona
Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci
Birth of Venus, Botticelli
Spring, Botticelli
Main Characters
A lot of characters signed this period: Brunelleschi, Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Donatello, Piero della Francesca, Botticelli, Raphael...

The greatest innovation brought in this period was the introduction of perspective by Brunelleschi and its application in painting by the various artists.
Giotto
Futurism
Industrial Innovations, Exaltation of Modernity, Refusing the Past, Belief in the Future and technologies
Key Point: Representation of Movement
Baroque
XVII Century: Italy and in particular Rome

Art is commissioned by the Catholic Church
Scenic attitude
Contrasts: Games of shadows and Lights
Main Characters: Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Caravaggio

Neoclassicism
End of the XIII century - Beginning of the XIX century

Inspired by the classical canons of beauty: Archeological Discoveries
Architecture: Giuseppe Pier Marini, La Scala in Milan
Sculpture: Antonio Canova
Palazzo Zuccari, Roma
I WANT YOU...
IN ART!
Great Painter
Italian Art Now
Contemporary Art
Architecture
Castellani
Turi Simeti
Lucio Fontana
Maurizio Cattelan
Sculpture
Arnaldo Pomodoro
Renzo Piano
Full transcript