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The Statue of Liberty
Transcript of The Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty
It was listed in 1984 for being an amazing piece of architecture which was claimed to be a bridge between art and architecture . UNESCO says that it was an enduring symbol of freedom, hope and human rights. It was also chosen because of it's important cultural heritage and because of the important history that it represents. Its influence on people all around the world pushed UNESCO to list it as a World Heritage Site.
The Statue of Liberty is a 250 tonne, 93.15 metre high (from the foundation to the torch) statue of a woman made from copper and wrought iron. She wears a crown which has seven spikes which represent the seven seas and continent. She holds a torch high in her right hand, which is made of copper covered in gold leaf, and holds a slate in her left hand which reads, " IV . JUILLET 1776 = XIV.JUILLET 1789", which is the date of the American Declaration of Independence. It translates to: " 4 . July 1776 = 14.July 1789".
Why and When Was It Listed as a World Heritage Site?
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island which is in Upper New York Bay. "Upper Bay" is in Manhattan which is a suburb of New York City which is located in the state of New York in theUnited States of America.
Where is the site located?
Discription of the Site
As the Statue of Liberty is made mainly of copper it rusts when sea water comes into contact with it. To stop this having a negative effect on the display of the statue they use Bicarbonate of Soda (baking soda) to clean the statue's copper surface without destroying it. There is also a organisation which president Ronald Reagon asked Lea Iacocca to set up for the prservation of the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island. It is called The Statue Of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation (SOLEIF). They collect funds from donators to spend on the preservation and repairs on the Statue of Liberty as well as Ellis Island. They have raised over $600 million dollars and counting. No government funding gone into the donation count and are all completely from the American people as well as tourists that donate.
The Statue of Liberty is located in New York (city), New York (state), United States of America
History of the Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France to the United States of America. It was made to celebrate the friendship between America and France. The people of France presented it to the Americans on July the 4th, 1884. After being accepted by the president of the time, Grover Cleveland, the statue was then shipped across the Atlantic Ocean in 214 crates which, in total, held 350 individual pieces.
Interesting Facts about the Statue of Liberty
The statue's full name is Liberty Enlightening the World
Her shoes are size 879.
The robed female figure represents Libertas, the roman goddess of freedom.
The date on the slate she holds is the date ofAmerican Declarance of Independance ( July 4, 1776 )
Visitors have to climb 354 stairs to reach the statue's crown which has 25 viewing windows.
300 different types of hammers were used to create the copper structure.
The original torch was replaced with a a copper version but when it was repaired in 1984 a new one was made and covered in 24k of gold leaf.
You cannot see her feet cleary but she is standing among broken shackles and chains with one foot risen to imply a step away from, and the abolition of, slavery.
The island on which it stands was once called Bedloe Island but was changed to Liberty Island in 1956.
The cost of building the statue and pedastal amounted to over $500,000. Over $10m in today's money.
How it all Began
The picture above is of the statue's head being displayed at the 1878 Paris World's Fair.
This picture is a sketch of the construction of the pedastal, on Bedloe Island, in preparartion for the arrival of the statue.
Above is the unpacking of the face in New York.
Above is an edition of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper showing the completed Statue of Liberty, it's internal structure and a portrait of Bartholdi.