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Towards Voice in the Muslim Sphere? Deliberation with Muslim Civil Society in Berlin

Presentation of PhD thesis by Jenny Eschweiler

Jenny Eschweiler

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Towards Voice in the Muslim Sphere? Deliberation with Muslim Civil Society in Berlin

overview Towards Voice in the Public Sphere?
Deliberation with Muslim Civil Society in Berlin PhD Thesis

Jenny Eschweiler

Roskilde University “What makes deliberative democracy democratic is an expansive definition of who is included in the process of deliberation.”
Gutmann/Thompson 2004: 9 “All participants went through an incredible process of learning. Without the Islamforum we would have different politics today.”
Lydia Nofal, Inssan 1. Aim of the thesis 2. Method 3. Analytical Framework 4. Opportunity Structures for Muslim CSO Participation 5. Case Studies and Analysis 6. Outlook and Conclusions deliberation in mini-publics promotes participation

process determines outcomes

interplay of structure and agency Research Questions:

How can deliberative processes and Muslim civil society participation establish Muslims as actors in the public sphere?

What role does the democratic process play in nurturing a sense of active citizenship and in the formation of a Muslim social movement sector firmly situated in the public sphere?

What conclusions can be drawn for societal integration and legitimate democratic representation? Design:

interpretive case study design

Embedded multiple-case study with cross-case analysis in terms of meta-frame and results Promises of deliberative democracy theory Deliberative process and inclusive public sphere Specifications: SMS, citizenship, legitimate representation facts and figures
social and economic life
Muslim-German identity
Muslim CSOs Muslims and in Berlin Political Opportunity Structures and Public Discourse POS at federal level
depiction of Muslims in public discourse
participation agenda in Berlin analysis reflecting normative theory
and phronesis structure and agency

process and outcome

citizenship and
social movement sector legitimacy

societal integration
and representation “The Islamforum was designed as a platform to exchange points of view. If this is all you expected from it progress is huge. We established contacts and built trust. Discourse is the beginning of change.”
Imran Sagir Case 1: Islamforum process outcome citizenship/ social movement sector “We don’t want to change the way we dress, pray and bring up our children, but we want to participate. When we come together religious topics are taboo. (...) I don’t want to discuss religious issues. Let imams deal with that. I have enough other things to do.”
Selcuk Saydam Case 2: Haci Bayram tandem process outcome citizenship/ social movement
sector “What do they expect me to say? The question is: what can be done in Neukölln? But here they believe in patterns like: this guy has influence in his community. If we can change his political opinion he will carry it into the community. This has nothing to do with integration.”
Mehdi Charour Neukölln - Kreuzberg exclusive vs. inclusive interplay of structure and agency determines the HOW

improved inter-Muslim-CSO and other civil society dialogue

stronger ties between Muslim CSOs and administration

professionalisation of Muslim CSOs

new emerging publics work towards societal integration and representation of group interests Voice and legitimacy complementary steps to deliberative democracy theory:
deliberation dependent on philosophies of integration
clear process and outcome dimensions
voice depends on interplay of discursive mini-publics and strong agency “We have known each other for years now. We established a network that can no longer perish. No one, no matter who it is, can come now and say ‘oh, they are so bad’. No one would care about this to- day, because it is an established network with many people, many associations that sup- port each other in one way or another.”
Lydia Nofal Why Habermas?
Why Muslims in Berlin?
Main assumptions and focus Thesis overview 1. Aim 2. Methods 3. Analaytical
Framework 4.Opportunity
Structures 5. Cases
and Analysis 6. Conclusions process outcome citizenship/ social
movement sector
Full transcript