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Alexius Adams

on 30 September 2015

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Transcript of Timeline

Introduction to Art
Timeline Periods
between 30,000 b.c. - 1900's
Greek 850 b.c - 31b.c
was known as the Hellenistic dynasty
discovered by Alexander the great generals know as Diadochoi
Greeks imported ivory, gold, embory, pearls spices, and sugar from India
They also put their wealth on display for all to see, building elborate palace and commisioning art, sculptures, and beautiful jewlry
Art came from objects made of stone and clay that survived for thousands of year
Stone Age / Prehistoric
(30,000 B.C.- 2500 B.C.)
Men hunted the food and women gathered berries and nuts.
Beds were made from stone and animal skin.
Bows and arrows were made from flint bone vines sharp rock.
They made fire out of flint and wood and The fire gave them warmth and comfort because their caves were dark.
Hunted deer,mammoth and birds.
The Dappled Horses of Pech-Merle
25,000 B.C.
25,000 year old painting
Pech Merle is a cave which opens onto hllside at carbrerets
Egyptian 3100 b.c. - 30 b.c)
Conquered by Alexander The Great in 332 b.c.
King Menes founded the capital of ancient Egypt later known as Memphis.
Most ancient Egyptians were farmers living in small villages, and agriculture(largely wheat and barley)formed the economic based of egyptian state
they would have a picture on their tomb stones to show them their way through the afterlife
Ancient Egyptian art is the paining, sculpture, architecture, and other arts produced by he civilization of ancient egypt in the lower nile valley from about 3000 b.c to 100 AD.
Chaotic fighting scene on a painted box from the tomb of Tutankhamen in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo by: Dr. Amy Calvert
Ancient Egypt art was created on papyus, wood,or stone.
Egyptian art was used for representation for their belief system
Roman 500 b.c- 476 a.d
Bronze is the most popular metal used in sculptures.
rare water-perserved bronze from ancient greece.
Derived from greek culture.
Art was influenced by other art as eastern art, ancient egyptians, celtics and germans.
Romans had alot of money.
Most paintings were applied directly onto the wall.
Statues were made from clay and marble.
Augustus of Prima Porta
Discovered on April 20, 1863.
It was made out of white marble
The statue is an idealized image of Augustus based on the 5th Century.
Medieval 500 - 1400
Influenced by Early Christian art, Migration Period art, Byzantine art, Insular art, Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque art, and Gothic art
Paintings and sculptures depicted war scenes.
gold dust, foil, leaf and silver
artwork was made by wealthy people because they could afford the material
Medieval times are mostly based on Christianity
David 1401 b.c
My Michelangelo
One type of great work from High Renaissance Biblical Art
Inspired by sculptures of ancient Greece.
Byzantine (a.d 476 - a.d 1453)
Based on a combination Greek, Persian, and Egyption culture.
Entirely concerned with religous expression
Begin with decorating the walls and domes of churches.
Used fresco wall paintings
Biblical theme
Romanesque (1015 - 1200)

The Age of Saint (1226- 1270)
King Louis (IX) was the king of Great Armenia.
Stained-Glass Panel
Appeared across France, Germany, Italy and Spain in the 11th Century.
Small ivory carvings
Large stone and figurative sculptures
Brightly colored stained glass window.
Tympanum (1130)
Significant piece of sculpture, most frequently used in Christ in Majesty and Judgement day.
Vezelay, France.
Gothic (1140- 1500)
Started in Italy and quickly spread to the rest of Europe.
Gothic paintings are darkly mystical, infused with an emotional intensity
Gothic Art
metal in the form of bronze art
panel painting
illuminated manuscript
Head of an Angel (1250)
Located in Paris, France
Parisian Gothic sculpture
Notre–Dame Cathedral
Early and High Renaissance (1400-1550)
Characterized by a surge of interest in classical learning and values.
Started in Tuscany, Italy.
Centered in Florence and Siena.
Renaissance means rebirth meaning it was going back to the classical values.
Also spread in the northern parts of Europe like the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and the northern parts of France and western Germany
The Last Supper


Mona Lisa
Leonardo De Vinci created "The Last supper in 1495-1497 and Created the "Mona Lisa" 1503-1506.
The Last Supper was made using oils on dry plaster. Mona Lisa was made using oil paint on a panel of popular wood.
Northern Renaissance (1430-1550)
Printmaking was important during the Northern Renaissance because artist were able to sell many copies of their prints.
Many artists added incredible details to their work.
Usually upper class or wealthy people made work during this time.
Oil paintings became popular during this time.
The most influential regions during the Northern Renaissance were Germany, Flanders, and the Netherlands.
Man of Sorrows by the Column
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
Engraved in 1509
Munich, Germany
Mannerism (1527-1580)
Mannerism comes from the Italian word "maniera" meaning to personal style
Use illusion of three dimensions
Artist during this time were called Mannerists
The Mannerists often favored lurid colors, such as pinks and oranges, or greens and violets, over calmer tones.
Figures strike exaggerated poses like they are in pain or being tomented.
Deposition from the cross
Also known as

Painted by Jacopo Pontormo
Made in 1528
the figures carrying the body of Christ
Baroque (1600-1750)
Baroque came from the Portuguese 'barocco' meaning irregular pearl or stone.
Originated in Rome.
Catholic-inspired such as monumental wall-paintings and huge frescoes for the ceilings and vaults of palaces and churches.
3 different strands of Baroque
Religious Grandeur
Greater Realism
Easel Art
New Style of Biblical Art
Girl with a Pearl Earring(1672)
By Jan Vermeer
Nicknamed the "Mona Lisa of the North"
Rococo (1700-End 1789)
Rococo came from the French rocaille meaning rock and shell garden ornamentation.
18th Century art movement in France.
Artists of this period focused more on attention to detail, ornamentation and use of bright colors.
"Late Baroque"
Rococo was largely replaced by the Neoclassic style
Claude-Louis Burgat
one of a pair kind of chair
Carved and gilded beechwood
widely used during the Neoclassical period
Neoclassical (1750-1850)
Greek and Roman art work
Worked on mostly paintings and sculptures
originated around 1640, and continues to this day
Labeled the Age of Enlightenment
Primarly Visual Arts
Antoine-Jean Gros
Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa is an 1804 painting made by Napoleon Bonaparte from Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. http://google.com/Antoine-jeangros
Made from oil paint
Romanticism (1780-1850)
Also known as the Romantic Era or the romantic period
Partly the reaction to the industrial revolution
most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature
had a major impact on history, education, and the natural sciences.
First showed itself in landscaping paintings.
Themistokles Von Eckenbrecher
A Busy Street in Tangiers
Painted in 1842 in germany
Realism (1848-1900)
Real artist were trying to paint the world as it appears
Movement against the emotional & exaggeration themes of romanticism
artist looked more and more at everyday life
portray the poor

The Gleaners
Shows 3 peasant women looking in the field for scraps of wheat.
Jean-Francois Millet
Made in 1857
Impressionism (1865-1885)
Began in France when a group of young artists rebelled against art critics called the Salon in france
The young artist wanted to capture a new form of style that moment in time
Critics said their work was just an impression of how they saw the world
More concerned about the light and color of the moment then the details
often mixed colors to save time
Dance at Le moulin de la Galette
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
this painting says that an outdoor scene of a dance one afternoon in Paris.
The painting captures the moment in time.
Movement led by Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat.
Random mixes of colors
Van Gogh recognized for his paintings beauty.
Emerged as a reaction from the impressionists.
Birth of Fauvism
The Boy In the Red Vest
Paul Cezanne
painted in 1889
also known as The Boy in the Red Waistcoat
Early 20th Century
Flourished in France
emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the realistic values
"Fauves" first exhibited together in 1905 in Paris, France.
Fauvism was extremely influential in the evolution
André Derain
Maurice de Vlaminck
Oil on the cardboard
made in 1906
Focused more on painting and poetry.
used to show the use of distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect.
use of intense colour, agitated brushstrokes
Artist focus more on how they feel.
Otto Dix
Sylvia von Harden
Otto uses tempera and oil paint.
Cubism (1905-1920)
one of the most influential visual art styles of the 20th century.
monochrome brownish and neutral colors were used during this time
First abstract art style
Mostly in France and Spain
The Cubist painters were also influenced by Native American and African art
Landscape at La Ciotat
Georges Braque
oil paint
Dada (1917-1950)
Made in 1916 in Zurich by poets and artists
The Zurich group was formed; hugo Ball, Emmy Hennings, tristan Tzara and richard Huelsenbeck, and the painters Hans Arp, marcel Janco and hans Richter.
Modern Art
Anti art Movement
critizable art work
Hans Arp
Squares Arranged according to the Laws of Chance
"dropping squares of contrasting colored paper on the larger sheet's surface, and then gluing the squares wherever they fell onto the page."
Surrealism (1917-1950)
founded in Paris
influenced by psychoanalysis
With imagination you surrealism is related to romanticism
Strange creatures influenced this time
conscious and unconscious mind
Harlequin's Carnival
Joan Miro
Shapes seem sefl generated
Abstract Expressionism (1940s-1950s
Developed in New York in the 1940s
Action painting
emerged in the climate of cold war
looks at emotion and expresssion
Jackson Pollock
Pollock revealed the life of a painting through a technique of dripping and pouring paint on a canvas that is placed on the floor.
made in 1950
Pop Art(1960s)
didn't impress the wealthy
art from the 1960sis still studied today
pop art was a rebellion against abstract expressionist
the place of birth were pop art started is great britiain.
The Pop art movement isthemes and techniques drawn from the popular mass culture
Roy Lichtenstein
"Drowning Girl"
This painting is made to look like a scene from a comic book.
Full transcript