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Critical Thinking According to Bloom's Taxonomy

This presentation offers and introduction to Bloom's Taxonomy and how it relates to Critical Thinking. Purpose: Foundations ESL course United Arab Emirates

Jon Nichols

on 19 May 2013

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Transcript of Critical Thinking According to Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom's Taxonomy Who is he and what's a taxonomy? an easier term for taxonomy is "a system for classification" That's him :) Benjamin Bloom was one of the greatest minds to influence the field of education; He was born on February 21, 1913.

He earned a doctorate in 1942 from the University of Chicago.

His main goal was to improve student learning. So how did he do that? He identified 6 different ways of thinking, and today these thinking types are known as... Let's look at each cognitive (thinking) stage one at a time... Remembering At the remebering level, students show memory of facts, terms, basic ideas and numbers. Some examples of Remebering questions:
Can you identify the seven Emirates of the UAE?
What is 6x4?
What are the names of the four Oceans?
Can you spell the word... Remembering is considered the "lowest" level of questions in
Bloom's Taxonomy. Teachers use them when they want to
find out what students know or to review memorized facts. Problems: Students may quickly
forget "remembered" facts. Understanding Analysis Application Evaluating Create Conclusion To demonstrate comprehension, students organize, translate, interpret, or restate a main idea. We test understanding when we ask students to repeat or paraphrase what they just learned. Students also demonstrate understanding through translation... does that sound familiar? Problems: Understanding is necessary before students move
on to higher level thinking activities. Unfortunately, it's where
many teachers and learners stop because we think that we "know"
something because we are able to repeat what we just heard. Some examples of Understanding questions/statements:
Can you compare the seven Emirates of the UAE?
How can you best summarize the story you just read?
Explain how water moves through the hydrogen cycle.
Describe your dream home. When we apply what we learn, we solve problems in new situations using our Remembering and Understanding. Application of knowledge is different from memorization because we are
taking knowledge from our past experiences and applying it to a new setting or situation. Some examples of Application questions/statements:
Can you build a model of the UAE using different materials?
How would you solve the main character's problem in the book?
Solve a(1 + b) - b (2 - a).
In which ways can we improve the way we teach art in schools? Analysis is what happens when we take a closer look at something and break it down into smaller parts or we compare, examine, or look for a relationship among the parts. We require Remembering, Understanding, and Application of a topic in order to analyze a given topic. As you can see, each step in Bloom's Taxonomy requires previous levels! Clear? Want an example? Show me how a plant grows. You will have to know the vocabulary (Remebering) describe the process of germination--or how a seed begins to grow (Understanidng), and present the process in a way that shows me how a plant grows (application). Examples of Analysis quesions/statements:
Explain two important events that led to the UAE becoming a country and discuss why these events were important.
What is the relationship between verbs and adverbs?
Suggest two different ways that you can teach the process of multiplication.
Classify animals into different groups and give a reason for your classification structure. Notice how difficult these questions are getting? :| The fifth level of Bloom's Revised Taxonomy is Evaluating. Here, we bring defend, argue, support, defend, hypothesize or determine value. If we evaluate something we are taking all of our thoughts on a subject and restating what we think or how we feel about that subject. We Evaluate in mathematics all the time when we check the appropriateness of a procedure for a given problem :) Examples of Evaluative questions or statements:

Compare different economic rules between Emirates in the UAE. Which rules promote better business models?
What is the best way to stop people from leaving their rubbish on the roads and in our parks?
Have everyone in your group write a new ending to the story you are reading. Select the best ending and explain why you chose the new ending.
What would happen if...? The final thinking skill according to Bloom's Revised Taxonomy is Create. When we write, assemble, construct, create, design, develop, or formulate we are exercising our creative thinking skills. Examples of questions or statements that encourage us to create:

Pretend you are in charge of your Emirate. What would you do?
Create some math problems that help young students learn a concept.
Introduce a new character in the book you are reading.
Make some new rules here at school and discuss why you selected these rules Notice how these statements/questions require you to create something based on prior knowledge? Directions: Determine the type of question/statement according to Bloom's Taxonomy...

1. What are the four directions of a compass?
2. According to the equation y = 2 (x) 3. Use 5 new vocabulary words to create a new story.
4. What is the significance of Zakat?
5. Describe the advantages and disadvantages to using
public transportation.
6. Can you come up with 15 uses for a spoon?
7. Order your your favorite activities from most useful to least useful. How did we do? 1. Remebering
2. Application
3. Application
4. Comprehension
5. Analysis
6. Synthesis
7. Evaluation Now explain why these are the answers! Bonus question: what type of
thinking skill does this statement come under? Not all experts agree that the thinking skills are
linear (that one must come before the other). Consider
the model above. What do you think?
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