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Katarzyna Wasylak

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of Vampires

Vampires: Folklore, fantasy,and fact
Upior and Upierzyca
Vlad the Impaler
Vlad Tepes
human entrails,
the mucus of the ill,
the fetuses of pregnant women
She's able to detach her winged upper body
preys on sleeping pregnant women, consuming their unborn children and drinking their blood
sprinkling crushed garlic or salt on the lower half
Either a beautiful old or young woman who obtained her beauty through the active use of black magic,
She's said to carry an odor of vinegar with her wherever she flies, and returns to her body during the daytime, often posing as an ordinary mortal woman.
However, a Penanggal can always be told from an ordinary woman by that odor of vinegar.
During the day just like an ordinary human
At night it becomes a blue ball of light
Sucks peoples' blood
a mixture of seeds and nails scattered in the yard outside of the house
drinking a blend of specific herbs which they people think makes their blood taste awful
South America
a demon phantom-like creature also known as "evil wind gusts"
Feeds off of the life forces of plants, animals, elements, and humans by tapping into their aura.
Usually, within a few days, the inhabitants of the household that the Ekimmu invaded would die.

An Ekimmu could can also make the living behave criminally or could inflict disease upon them.
Feeds only on animals, mostly goats
May have three different forms:
1. a lizard-like creature
2.like an evil kangaroo
3.a specific breed of a dog that also resembles a reptile

The chupacabra is said to drain all of the animal's blood (and sometimes organs) usually through three holes in the shape of an upside-down triangle or through one or two holes.
Haunting ghosts (phasma) which employed illusion in the seduction of young men.
They were companions of Hekate, the goddess of witchcraft and haunting ghosts, who came forth with her from the depths of the underworld.
A mound-dweller; the dead body living on within its tomb. The haugbui was rarely found far from its burial place
Have barbed tongues
rising between noon and midnight
can never satisfy their thirst
they sometimes sleep in blood
they like to consume the winding sheet of a corpse that was used for the funeral.
bury the dead face down with a cross of willow placed under the armpits, chest, or chin of the deceased
use large amounts of earth to bury the body deep within the ground
the family of the deceased should eat what "blood bread," made by mixing the vampire blood with flour in a form of baked bread
staking and decapitation
Vampires in Romania

Signs of being a vampire:

A child who was born under abnormal circumstances:
- born out of wedlock,
- born with a caul (the amniotic membrane that surrounds a fetus),
- or death occurring before a baptismal could be performed
If a woman was with child and did not consume salt, or was to be gazed upon by a vampire, her child was doomed to a eternal damnation as a vampire.
A child that was to be born the seventh son of the seventh son, or likewise, the seventh daughter of the seventh daughter.
Being bitten by a vampire.
Living wicked life.
Committing suicide.
Being excommunicated.
If the corpse was leaped over by a cat.
If sudden death struck numerously in a family or livestock followed by the passing of either a family member .
It was said that vampires were known to appear to their families, especially women, since they wanted to be around their children.
If the vampires were not annihilated, they could possibly move on to more distant villages and also other countries where they would reestablish themselves into society as mortals, and no one would be the wiser.

Vampires were believed to be most active on the eve of two religious holidays, the Feast of St. George (April 22-23) and the Feast of St. Andrew (November 29-30).
St. George was the patron of horses, cattle, wolves, and all enemies of witches and vampires.
On St. George's eve eople would remain in their homes with continuous light throughout the night.

They placed thorns across thresholds, painted crosses on their doors with tar, put thistles on windows, lit bonfires, and spread garlic everywhere they could.

Throughout the night, prayers would be recited repeatedly and naked blades placed beneath their pillows.
St. Andrew who was the patron of wolves and donor of garlic.
On St. Andrew's eve it was considered wise to rub garlic on the doors and windows to protect families within the residence from any vampire attacks.

Livestock was also at risk of an attack, so precautions were taken with them as well by rubbing them down with garlic.
Graves were carefully watched.
If a small hole was found near the headstone, it was believed that a vampire could enter and leave their grave through this hole. Upon observing this, the deceased would be exhumed. If the corpse was found to be red in the face, it was without a doubt, a vampire.
If the corpse was found laying face down in the coffin accompanied by fresh blood upon it.
Sometimes they would disinter the graves of the departed:
three years following the death of a child, four to five years following the death of a young person, and seven years following the death of an adult.

If only skeletal remains were found, they would be cleansed and returned to their graves, but if the corpse was found to be fleshly preserved, it was then believed to be a vampire.

Sometimes Garlic would be placed in the corpse’s mouth, or millet seeds would be placed in the coffin to postpone the vampire, who would have to go through a lengthy process of eating them before they could rise from their grave, or a thorny branch of the wild rose may be placed in their coffin.

Once the vampire prone deceased member was buried, a distaff would be driven into the ground above the grave in belief that the vampire would impale itself it tried to rise from it’s grave.

The ultimate measure to eliminate a vampire was to stake the corpse with iron or wood, either in the heart or the navel.

Jiang Shi
Jiangshi - The Undead Encyclopedia
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